Gereja Katolik Siro-Malabar

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Gereja Katolik Siro-Malabar
ܥܹܕܬܵܐ ܕܡܲܠܲܒܵܪ ܣܘܼܪܝܵܝܵܐ
Pendiri St. Tomas
Kemandirian Zaman Apostolik
Pengakuan abad pertama (dengan Gereja Timur)
1599 (dengan Gereja Katolik)
1887 (autosepalis)
1923 (Kepatriarkhan)
Primat George Alencherry (secara tradisional Metropolitan Keuskupan Agung Ernakulam-Angamaly)
Pusat Bukit St. Tomas, Kakkanad, Kerala, India
Wilayah India
Kepemilikan
  • Amerika Serikat
  • Kanada
  • Australia
Bahasa Suriah dan Malayalam
Jumlah umat 4.6 juta[1]
Uskup 51
Paroki 3,224
Situs web Situs resmi

Gereja Katolik Siro-Malabar (bahasa Aram: ܥܹܕܬܵܐ ܕܡܲܠܲܒܵܪ ܣܘܼܪܝܵܝܵܐ‎: Edtha d'Malabar Suryaya atau Gereja Suriah Malabar) adalah sebuah Gereja Episkopal Agung Utama dalam komuni penuh dengan Gereja Katolik. Gereja tersebut dikepalai oleh Uskup Agung Ytama Ernakulam-Angamaly, Mar George Alencherry. Anggota-anggota Gereja tersebut dikenal sebagai Nasrani Mar Thoma atau Katolik Suriah. Gereja tersebut adalah denominasi Nasrani terbesar dengan sekitar 4.6 juta pengikut dan asal mulanya berasal dari aktivitas penginjilan Tomas pada abad ke-1.[1][2][3][4][5]

Gereja Siro-Malabar mengikuti liturgi Ritus Suriah Timur, yang secara tradisional diatributkan kepada santo Addai and Mari, yang berasal dari Edessa pada abad ke-3.[6] Gereja tersebut adalah salah satu dari 22 sui iuris Gereja Katolik Timur dalam komuni Katolik. Gereja tersebut adalah Gereja Katolik Timur terbesar kedua, setelah Gereja Katolik-Yunani Ukraina.[7] Gereja tersebut adalah salah satu dari dua Gereja Katolik Timur dari India, selain Gereja Katolik Siro-Malankara yang mengikuti liturgi Ritus Suriah Barat. Santa Alfonsa adalah santa pertama yang dikanonisasikan dari Gereja tersebut.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

George Alencherry, Uskup Agung Utama Gereja Siro-Malabar

Asal mula Kristen St. Thomas[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gereja tersebut mempercayai bahwa St. Tomas (Mar Thoma shleeha) mendarat di Kodungalloor (Muziris) pada 52 Masehi dan mendirikan kominitas Kristen pada bagian-bagian yang berbeda di India dan meninggal di Mylapur pada 72 Maeshi[8] Menurut tradisi, ia mendirikan tujuh gereja atau komunitas di Kerala; di Kodungalloor, Niranam, Kollam, Chayal, Kottakkavu (Paravur Utara), Kokkamangalam dan Palayoor.[9][10]

Tokoh Katolik Siro-Malabar berpengaruh yang berkarya pada kesatuan Nasrani[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Official Website
  2. ^ Menachery G (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN 81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568; B.N.K. Press – (has some 70 lengthy articles by different experts on the origins, development, history, culture... of these Christians, with some 300 odd photographs).
  3. ^ Leslie Brown, (1956) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas. An Account of the Ancient Syrian Church of Malabar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1956, 1982 (repr.)
  4. ^ Thomas Puthiakunnel, (1973) "Jewish colonies of India paved the way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II., Trichur.
  5. ^ NSC Network (2007) St. Thomas, India mission- Early reference and testimonies
  6. ^ Addai and Mari, Liturgy of. Cross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Oxford University Press. 2005
  7. ^ Annuario Pontificio- The Pontifical year Book for 2008
  8. ^ Dr.Mathias Mundadan (1984),"History of Christianity in India ( CHAI) Volume I"
  9. ^ History, Payyappilly Palakkappilly Nasrani family
  10. ^ Dr.Mathias Mundadan (1984), "Indian Christians Search for Identity & Struggle for Autonomy"

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi dan daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • ASSEMANI, Bibliotheca Orientalis (Rome, 1719–28); DE SOUZA.
  • Orientale Conquistado (2 vols., Indian reprint, Examiner Press, Bombay).
  • Gouvea, Jornada do Arcebispo Aleixo de Menezes quando foy as Serra do Malaubar (Coimbra, 1606).
  • Fr. tr. De Glen, Histoire Orientale etc. (Brussels, 1609); DU JARRIC.
  • Thesaurus rerum mirabilium in India Orient (3 vols., Cologne, 1615).
  • India Orientalis Christiana (Rome, 1794).
  • Mackenzie, Christianity in Tranvancore, with Census Report of 1901 (Trivandrum).Ed.& Reprinted, Prof. George Menachery in the Nazranies i.e. The Indian Church History Classics I, 1998.
  • Medlycott, India and the Apostle St. Thomas (London, 1905).Ed.& Reprinted, Prof. George Menachery in the Nazranies i.e. The Indian Church History Classics I, 1998.
  • Thalian, G. `The Great Archbishop Mar Augustine Kandathil, D. D.: the Outline of a Vocation', Mar Louis Memorial Press, 1961. (Postscript) (PDF)
  • Menachery G (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN 81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568; B.N.K. Press – (has some 70 lengthy articles by different experts on the origins, development, history, culture... of these Christians, with some 300 odd photographs).Vol.1, 1982. Vol.3, 2010.
  • Mundadan, A. Mathias. (1984) History of Christianity in India, vol.1, Bangalore, India: Church History Association of India.
  • Podipara, Placid J. (1970) "The Thomas Christians". London: Darton, Longman and Tidd, 1970. (is a readable and exhaustive study of the St. Thomas Christians.)
  • Philip, E.M. (1908) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas (1908; Changanassery: Mor Adai Study Center, 2002).
  • Aprem, Mar. (1977) The Chaldaean Syrian Church in India. Trichur, Kerala, India: Mar Narsai, 1977.
  • Menachery, Professor George. (2000) Kodungallur – The Cradle of Christianity In India, Thrissur: Marthoma Pontifical Shrine.
  • Menachery, Professor George & Snaitang,Dr. Oberland (2012)"India's Christian Heritage".The Church History Association of India, Dharmaram College,Bangalore.
  • Acts of St. Thomas (Syriac) MA. Bevan, London, 1897
  • Tisserant, E. (1957) Eastern Christianity in India: A History of the Syro-Malabar Church from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Trans. and ed. by E. R. Hambye. Westminster, MD: Newman Press.
  • Michael Geddes, (1694) A Short History of the Church of Malabar together with the Synod of Diamper, London. Ed. Prof. George Menachery in the Nazranies i.e. The Indian Church History Classics I, 1998.
  • Puthur, B. (ed.) (2002): The Life and Nature of the St Thomas Christian Church in the Pre-Diamper Period (Cochi, Kerala).
  • T.K Velu Pillai, (1940) "The Travancore State Manual"; 4 volumes; Trivandrum
  • Menachery G (ed); (1998) "The Indian Church History Classics", Vol. I, The Nazranies, Ollur, 1998. [ISBN 81-87133-05-8].
  • Menachery, George. Glimpses of Nazraney Heritage.SARAS 2005 Ollur.
  • Palackal, Joseph J. Syriac Chant Traditions in South India. Ph.d, Ethnomusicology, City University of New York, 2005.
  • Joseph, T. K. The Malabar Christians and Their Ancient Documents. Trivandrum, India, 1929.
  • Leslie Brown, (1956) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas. An Account of the Ancient Syrian Church of Malabar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1956, 1982 (repr.)
  • Thomas P. J; (1932) "Roman Trade Centres in Malabar", Kerala Society Papers, II.
  • Marco Polo.(1298) LATHAM, R. (TRANSL.) "The Travels" Penguin Classics 1958
  • Bjorn Landstrom (1964) "The Quest for India", Double day English Edition, Stockholm.
  • Francis Eluvathingal (ed), Syro-Malabar Church Since the Eastern Code, Mary Matha Publications, Trichur, 2003.
  • Francis Eluvathingal, "Patriarchal and Major Archiepiscopal Curia in the Eastern Catholic Legilations based on CCEO Canons 114–125" ORISI, Kottayam, 2009.

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