Euarchontoglires

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Euarchontoglires (bersinonim Supraprimates) adalah klad dan superordo hewan menyusui, berisikan (diantaranya) lima grup: hewan pengerat, Lagomorpha, tupai, kubung dan primata.

Organisasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hubungan yang masih diteliti:[1]

Boreoeutheria
Euarchontoglires
Gliriformes

Anagaloidea?



Arctostylopida[2]


Glires

Rodentia (hewan pengerat)Ruskea rotta.png



Lagomorpha (kelinci, terwelu, pika)Bruno Liljefors - Hare studies 1885 white background.jpg




Euarchonta

Scandentia (tupai)Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen (Plate 34) (white background).jpg


Primatomorpha

Dermoptera (kubung)Cynocephalus volans Brehm1883 (white background).jpg


Primata

EuprimatesCynocephalus doguera - 1700-1880 - Print - Iconographia Zoologica - Special Collections University of Amsterdam - (white background).tiff



Plesiadapiformes







Laurasiatheria



Suatu penelitian didasari DNA memperkirakan bahwa Scandentia dan Primata adalah klad yang berhubungan, tetapi tidak mendiskusikan posisi Dermoptera.[3] Meskipun diketahui bahwa Scandentia salah satu dasar dari klad Euarchontoglires, posisi filogeni yang pasti tidak pernah diselesaikan, dan mungkin berhubungan dengan Glires, Primatomorpha atau Dermoptera atau seluruh Euarchontoglires.[4][5][6] Beberapa studi terbaru meletakkan Scandentia berhubungan dengan Glires, menghapuskan Euarchonta.[7][8][9]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Esselstyn, Jacob A.; Oliveros, Carl H.; Swanson, Mark T.; Faircloth, Brant C. (2017-08-26). "Investigating Difficult Nodes in the Placental Mammal Tree with Expanded Taxon Sampling and Thousands of Ultraconserved Elements". Genome Biology and Evolution. 9 (9): 2308–2321. doi:10.1093/gbe/evx168. PMC 5604124alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 28934378. 
  2. ^ Missiaen P, Smith T, Guo DY, Bloch JI, Gingerich PD (2006). "Asian gliriform origin for arctostylopid mammals". Naturwissenschaften. 93 (8): 407–411. doi:10.1007/s00114-006-0122-1. hdl:1854/LU-353125. PMID 16865388. 
  3. ^ Song S, Liu L, Edwards SV, Wu S (2012). "Resolving conflict in eutherian mammal phylogeny using phylogenomics and the multispecies coalescent model". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (37): 14942–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.1211733109. PMC 3443116alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 22930817. 
  4. ^ Foley, Nicole M.; Springer, Mark S.; Teeling, Emma C. (2016-07-19). "Mammal madness: Is the mammal tree of life not yet resolved?". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 371 (1699): 20150140. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0140. ISSN 0962-8436. PMC 4920340alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 27325836. 
  5. ^ Kumar, Vikas; Hallström, Björn M.; Janke, Axel (2013-04-01). "Coalescent-Based Genome Analyses Resolve the Early Branches of the Euarchontoglires". PLOS ONE. 8 (4): e60019. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060019. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3613385alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 23560065. 
  6. ^ Zhou, Xuming; Sun, Fengming; Xu, Shixia; Yang, Guang; Li, Ming (2015-03-01). "The position of tree shrews in the mammalian tree: Comparing multi-gene analyses with phylogenomic results leaves monophyly of Euarchonta doubtful". Integrative Zoology. 10 (2): 186–198. doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12116. ISSN 1749-4877. PMID 25311886. 
  7. ^ Meredith, Robert W.; Janečka, Jan E.; Gatesy, John; Ryder, Oliver A.; Fisher, Colleen A.; Teeling, Emma C.; Goodbla, Alisha; Eizirik, Eduardo; Simão, Taiz L. L. (2011-10-28). "Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification". Science. 334 (6055): 521–524. doi:10.1126/science.1211028. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 21940861. 
  8. ^ Zhou, Xuming; Sun, Fengming; Xu, Shixia; Yang, Guang; Li, Ming (2015-03-01). "The position of tree shrews in the mammalian tree: Comparing multi-gene analyses with phylogenomic results leaves monophyly of Euarchonta doubtful". Integrative Zoology. 10 (2): 186–198. doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12116. ISSN 1749-4877. PMID 25311886. 
  9. ^ Dehal, Paramvir; Boore, Jeffrey L. (2005-09-06). "Two Rounds of Whole Genome Duplication in the Ancestral Vertebrate". PLOS Biology. 3 (10): e314. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030314. ISSN 1545-7885. PMC 1197285alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 16128622. 

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