Emilie Schenkl

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Emilie Schenkl
Subhas Chandra Bose and Wife Emilie Shenkl with German Shephard - 1937.jpg
Emilie Schenkl bersama dengan Subhas Chandra Bose
LahirEmilie Schenkl
(1910-12-26)26 Desember 1910
MeninggalMaret 1996
Suami/istriSubhas Chandra Bose (m. 1937)

Emilie Schenkl (26 Desember 1910 – Maret 1996), adalah istri,[1] atau rekan,[2] dari Subhas Chandra Bose—seorang pemimpin utama dari nasionalisme India—dan ibu dari putri mereka, Anita Bose Pfaff.[1][3]

Kehidupan awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Emilie Schenkl lahir di Vienna pada 26 Desember 1910 dalam sebuah keluarga Katolik Austria.[4] Ia adalah cucu pihak ayah dari seorang pembuat sepatu dan putri dari seorang veterinarian.[4]

Berlin pada masa perang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada November 1942, Schenkl melahirkan putri mereka.

Kehidupan selanjutnya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Schenkl dan putrinya selamat dari perang. [5][6] Pada sembilan tahun pernikahan mereka, mereka menjalani kurang dari tiga tahun bersama.[7]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Hayes 2011, hlm. 15.
  2. ^ Gordon 1990, hlm. 344–345: Kutipan: "Although we must take Emilie Schenkl at her word (about her secret marriage to Bose in 1937), there are a few nagging doubts about an actual marriage ceremony because there is no document that I have seen and no testimony by any other person. ... Other biographers have written that Bose and Miss Schenkl were married in 1942, while Krishna Bose, implying 1941, leaves the date ambiguous. The strangest and most confusing testimony comes from A. C. N. Nambiar, who was with the couple in Badgastein briefly in 1937, and was with them in Berlin during the war as second-in-command to Bose. In an answer to my question about the marriage, he wrote to me in 1978: 'I cannot state anything definite about the marriage of Bose referred to by you, since I came to know of it only a good while after the end of the last world war ... I can imagine the marriage having been a very informal one ...' ... So what are we left with? ... We know they had a close passionate relationship and that they had a child, Anita, born 29 November 1942, in Vienna. ... And we have Emilie Schenkl's testimony that they were married secretly in 1937. Whatever the precise dates, the most important thing is the relationship."
  3. ^ Hayes 2011, hlm. 67.
  4. ^ a b Gordon 1990, hlm. 285.
  5. ^ Bose 2005, hlm. 255.
  6. ^ Hayes 2011, hlm. 144.
  7. ^ Santhanam 2001.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]