Balai musik

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Balai Musik Oxford pada sekitar tahun 1875

Balai musik adalah sebuah jenis dari hiburan teatrikal Inggris yang populer dari awal era Victoria pada sekitar tahun 1850 dan berlangsung sampai 1960. Balai tersebut menampilkan pencampuran lagu populer, komedi, bakat khusus, dan hiburan varietas. Istilah tersebut datang dari sebuah jenis teater atau tempat dimana hiburan semacam itu diadakan. Balai musik Inggris mirip dengan vaudeville Amerika, yang menampilkan lagu-lagu dan lawakan-kawakan, sementara di Britania Raya, istilah "vaudeville"' lebih merujuk kepada jenis hiburan kelas buruh yang dijuluki "burlesque" di Amerika.

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Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Abra, Allison. "Going to the palais: a social and cultural history of dancing and dance halls in Britain, 1918–1960." Contemporary British History (Sep 2016) 30#3 pp 432–433.
  • Alexander, John, Tearing Tickets Twice Nightly: The Last Days of Variety (Arcady Press, 2002)
  • Bailey, Peter, ed., Music Hall: The Business of Pleasure, (Milton Keynes, Open University Press, 1986)
  • Baker, Richard Anthony, British Music Hall: An Illustrated History (Pen & Sword, 2014)
  • Beeching, Christopher,The Heaviest of Swells - A life and times in the Music Halls, (DCG Publications, 2010)
  • Bratton, J.S., ed., Music Hall: Performance & Style (Milton Keynes, Open University Press, 1986)
  • Bruce, Frank, More Variety Days: Fairs, Fit-ups, Music hall, Variety Theatre, Clubs, Cruises and Cabaret (Edinburgh, Tod Press, 2000)
  • Busby, Roy, British Music Hall: An Illustrated Who's Who from 1850 to the Present Day (London: Paul Elek, 1976)
  • Cheshire, D.F., Music Hall in Britain, (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1974)
  • Earl, John, British Theatres and Music Halls (Princes Risborough, Shire, 2005)
  • Earl, John and Stanton, John, The Canterbury Hall and Theatre of Varieties (Cambridge, Chadwyck-Healy 1982)
  • Earl, John and Sell, Michael (eds.) The Theatres Trust Guide to British Theatres, 1750–1950 (A & C Black Publishers Ltd, 2000)
  • Farson, Daniel (1972). Marie Lloyd and Music Hall. London: Tom Stacey Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85468-082-5. 
  • Fierro, Alfred (1996). Histoire et dictionnaire de Paris. Robert Laffont. ISBN 2-221-07862-4. 
  • Garrett, John M., Sixty Years of British Music Hall, (London, Chappell & Company in association with Andre Deutsch, 1976)
  • Green, Benny, ed. The Last Empires: A Music Hall Companion (London, Pavilion Books Ltd. in association with Michael Joseph Ltd., 1986)
  • Honri, Peter. John Wilton's Music Hall, The Handsomest Room in Town (1985)
  • Honri, Peter. Working the Halls: the Honris in One Hundred Years of British Music Halls (Farnborough, Eng., Saxon House, 1973). ISBN 0-347-00013-4
  • Howard, Diana. London Theatres and Music Halls 1850–1950 (1970)
  • Hudd, Roy. Music Hall (London, Eyre Methuen, 1976)
  • Lee, Edward (1982). Folksong and Music Hall. London: I Routledge. ISBN 0-7100-0902-X. 
  • Maloney, Paul, Scotland and the Music Hall, 1850–1914 (Manchester University Press, 2003)
  • Mander, Raymond; Joe Mitchenson (1965). British Music Hall. London: Studio Vista. ISBN 0-85614-036-8. 
  • Mellor, G.J., The Northern Music Hall (Newcastle upon Tyne, Frank Graham, 1970)
  • Mellor, G.J., They Made us Laugh: A Compendium of Comedians Whose Memories Remain Alive (Littleborough, George Kelsall, 1982)
  • O'Gorman, Brian, Laughter in the Roar: Reminiscences of Variety and Pantomime (Weybridge, B. O'Gorman, 1998)
  • Scott, Harold, The Early Doors: origins of the music hall (London, Nicholson & Watson 1946)
  • Stuart, C D and Park, A J, The Variety Stage (London, Unwin 1895)
  • Williams, Bransby (1954). Bransby Williams by Himself. London: Hutchinson. OCLC 2227654. 
  • Wilmut, Roger. Kindly Leave the Stage – The story of Variety 1919–1960 (London, Methuen 1985)

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