Adwaita Wedanta

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Advaita Vedanta (IAST Advaita Vedānta; Devanagari अद्वैत वेदान्त; IPA /əd̪vait̪ə veːd̪ɑːnt̪ə/) adalah ajaran yang paling dominan dari kelompok ajaran vedanta, bagian dari filsafat Hindu. kelompok lain dari ajaran vedanta adalah Dvaita dan Vishishtadvaita. Advaita (secara harfiah; nondualisme) umumnya disebut dengan sistem pemikiran monistic.

Kata "Advaita" pada dasarnya merujuk pada Atman dan Brahman. Sastra/kitab yang menjadi pedoman mendasar bagi penganut ajaran Vedanta disebut Prasthanatrayi — yaitu terdiri atas Upanishad, Bhagavad Gita dan Brahma Sutra. Sedangkan orang yang pertama secara eksplisit menyatukan prinsip-prinsip Advaita Vedanta adalah Adi Shankara

Daftar para Guru[sunting | sunting sumber]

Advaita Vedanta memiliki banyak guru yang tersebar di India maupun seantero jagat raya.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Madhukar, The Simplest Way, Editions India, USA & India 2006, ISBN 81-89658-04-2
  • Madhukar, Erwachen in Freiheit, Lüchow Verlag, German, 2.Edition, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-363-03054-1
  • Mishra, M., Bhāratīya Darshan (भारतीय दर्शन), Kalā Prakāshan.
  • Sinha, H. P., Bharatiya Darshan ki ruparekha (Features of Indian Philosophy), 1993, Motilal Benarasidas, Delhi–Varanasi.
  • Swāmi Paramānanda Bhārati, Vedānta Prabodha (in Kannada), Jnānasamvardhini Granthakusuma, 2004
  • Madhava Vidyaranya, Sankara-Digvijaya, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Sri Ramakrishna Math, 2002, ISBN 81-7120-434-1. Purchase online at www.sriramakrishnamath.org
  • Karl H. Potter (ed.), Advaita Vedanta up to Sankara and his Pupils: Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 3, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1981.
  • Karl H. Potter, Austin B. Creel and Edwin Gerow, Guide to Indian philosophy, G. K. Hall, Boston, 1988.
  • Eliot Deutsch and J. A. B. van Buitenen, A source book of Advaita Vedanta, University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1971.
  • Eliot Deutsch, Advaita Vedanta: a philosophical reconstruction, East-West Center Press, Honolulu, 1969
  • Raghunath D. Karmarkar, Sankara's Advaita, Karnatak University, Dharwar, 1966.
  • S. G. Mudgal, Advaita of Sankara, a reappraisal: Impact of Buddhism and Samkhya on Sankara's thought, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi,
  • A. Ramamurti, Advaitic mysticism of Sankara, Visvabharati, Santiniketan, 1974.
  • Kapil N. Tiwari, Dimensions of renunciation in Advaita Vedanta, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1977.
  • Kokileswar Sastri, An introduction to Adwaita philosophy : a critical and systematic exposition of the Sankara school of Vedanta, Bharatiya Publishing House, Varanasi, 1979.
  • A. J. Alston, A Samkara source-book, Shanti Sadan, London, 1980-1989.
  • Satyapal Verma, Role of Reason in Sankara Vedanta, Parimal Publication, Delhi, 1992.
  • Arvind Sharma, The philosophy of religion and Advaita Vedanta : a comparative study in religion and reason, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.
  • M. K. Venkatarama Aiyar, Advaita Vedanta, according to Sankara, Asia Publishing House, New York, 1965.
  • Sangam Lal Pandey, The Advaita view of God, Darshana Peeth, Allahabad, 1989.
  • Rewati Raman Pandey, Scientific temper and Advaita Vedanta, Sureshonmesh Prakashan, Varanasi, 1991.
  • Adya Prasad Mishra, The development and place of bhakti in Sankaran Vedanta, University of Allahabad, 1967.
  • Natalia V. Isaeva, Shankara and Indian philosophy, SUNY, New York, 1993.
  • V. Panoli, Upanishads in Sankara's own words : Isa, Kena, Katha, and Mandukya with the Karika of Gaudapada : with English translation, explanatory notes and footnotes, Mathrubhumi, Calicut, 1991-1994.

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