K League

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K League
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K League
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Liga Sepakbola Profesional Korea (K League) adalah satu-satunya liga sepakbola profesional di Korea Selatan.dalam sistem liga sepakbola korea selatan, ini adalah ajang paling bergengsi di korea selatan dengan 16 klub sebagai kontestan

Pembentukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

K-League didirikan pada 1983 sebagai Liga Super Korea, dengan anggota lima klub. Lima klub pertama adalah Hallelujah FC, Yukong Kokkiri, POSCO Dolphins, Daewoo Royals, Kookmin Bank FC. Hallelujah FC won the inaugural title, finishing one point ahead of Daewoo FC to lift the crown.

Pada 1998, Korea's football league was reformed and renamed the K-League. Since its creation, the league has expanded from an initial 5 to 15 clubs. Of the 5 inaugural clubs, only Yukong Kokkiri, POSCO Dolphins, and Daewoo Royals remain in the K-League; Kookmin Bank FC dropped out of the league at the end of 1984, and Hallelujah FC followed the season after.

Struktur[sunting | sunting sumber]

At present the K-League is the only professional league in Korea. It contains sixteen member clubs.

Below the level of the K-League there is the National League, a closed semi-professional/amateur league with fifteen clubs, established in 2003. The third level of football in Korea is the Challengers League.

There is, at present, no official system of promotion and relegation between any of the three leagues. However, beginning in 2006, the champions of the National League had been eligible for promotion to the K-League provided they had met certain criteria. Goyang Kookmin Bank and Ulsan Mipo Dockyard, National League champions in 2006 and 2007 respectively, both rejected the opportunity to move up to the K-League. After back-to-back K-League promotion refusals, the National League committee decided to discontinue the conditional promotion system prior to the 2008 season.

Ringkasan mengenai liga[sunting | sunting sumber]

The K-League season typically begins around March/April and runs to late November each year. The number of games, clubs and the systems used have varied through the years, but for 2009 the league will operate with a full stage regular season followed by a top six championship playoff system.

The sixteen member clubs play each other twice in the regular season giving a total of 30 matches. The top six sides at the end of the regular season will enter the championship playoffs, which decide final standings of the season among the six. In the first two matches, the third-placed team will face the sixth-placed team and the fourth-placed team will face the fifth-placed team, with the two winners then playing off for the right to face the second-placed team. The winner of that match will then progress to the two-legged championship playoff final where the first-placed side lie in wait, with the overall winner of the home and away series being crowned champions for 2009.

The K-League champions, runner-up and third place gain entry to the AFC Champions League the following season, with the exception of Sangmu, due to their unique status as an army team, and therefore non-professional.

A number of the member clubs are owned by major Korean Chaebols, and the club names reflect that fact. Clubs have adopted local city names in an effort to integrate themselves more with the local communities; for example, Daewoo evolved over the years into Daewoo Royals, Busan Daewoo Royals, Busan I'cons and latterly Busan I'Park.

Following the 2002 FIFA World Cup, leaders of the K-League had hoped to transfer South Korea’s passion for its National Team to the domestic league. However, the K-League continued to flounder.[1] Although a number of K-League clubs have relocated in the past, the Lucky Goldstar (LG) corporation caused a huge controversyTemplat:Nonspecific at the end of 2003 when they made the decision to uproot their Anyang LG Cheetahs from the Seoul satellite city of Anyang and move into the empty Seoul World Cup stadium, becoming FC Seoul. Then following the 2005 season SK announced it was moving the Bucheon SK FC to the island of Jeju, where they became Jeju United.

In the 2009 season, Gangwon FC (Head Coach: Choi Sun-Ho, former Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Chosun head coach) joined the K-League as its 15th member club. As such, the K-League had one or more club in every Korean Province (Gyeonggi, Gyeongsang, Jeolla, Chungcheong, Gangwon, and Jeju). This is the first time in domestic Korean professional sports history that there has been at least two clubs in each Korean province.

On April 5, 2010, Gwangju City has announced a plan to establish a football club by end of 2010 & to join the league from the 2011 season. On October 12, 2010, the club was approved to join the league as 16th member club.

On October 5, 2011, the league announced a plan to introduce a relegation system from 2012 season. A number of teams of the league will decreased to 12 teams from 2013 season. 4 teams will be relegated to next level league based on the standing of 2012 season. And, the league introduced a split system like Scottish Premier League from the 2012 season.

The league introduced the relegation system from the 2012 season. According to new relegation rule, 2 teams each will be relegated to lower level league based on the standing of 2012 and 2013 season, respectively (total: 4 teams). The league also changed the amount of entrance fee from 1 billion to 500 million Korean won.

Musim 2012[sunting | sunting sumber]

Klub Peserta (2012)[sunting | sunting sumber]

As of 2012 Season, K-League Clubs by Province

Provinsi (Populasi) kota / Area (Populasi) Clubs
ibukota asal (25,003,017) Seoul (10,250,134) FC Seoul
Incheon (2,804,287) Incheon United
Suwon (1,091,934) Suwon Samsung Bluewings
Seongnam (979,556) Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
Gyeongsang Region (13,200,998) Busan (3,549,501) Busan IPark
Daegu (2,508,370) Daegu FC
Ulsan (1,136,464) Ulsan Hyundai
Gyeongnam (3,309,559) Gyeongnam FC
Pohang (517,307) Pohang Steelers
Sangju (104,636) Sangju Sangmu Phoenix
Jeolla Region (5,251,529) Gwangju (1,465,313) Gwangju FC
Jeonnam (1,912,725) Chunnam Dragons
Jeonbuk(1,873,491) Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
Chungcheong Region (5,183,451) Daejeon (1,517,299) Daejeon Citizen
Gangwon Region (1,535,335) Gangwon (1,535,335) Gangwon FC
Jeju Region (576,507) Jeju (576,507) Jeju United
* Population - 2012 census

The following 16 clubs will compete in the K-League during the 2012 season.

Club City / Area Manager Joined Owner(s) / Sponsor(s)
0 Busan IPark 0 Busan Bendera Korea Selatan Ahn Ik-Soo
1983 -
Owner : IPark Sports in Hyundai Development Company
0 Templat:Fb team Chunnam Dragons 0 Jeonnam Bendera Korea Selatan Jung Hae-Seong
1995 -
Owner : Gwangyang Steelworks in POSCO
0 Templat:Fb team Daegu FC 0 Daegu Bendera Brasil Moacir Pereira
2003 -
Owners : Government of Daegu, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : Doosan Group, Daegu Bank
0 Templat:Fb team Daejeon Citizen 0 Daejeon Bendera Korea Selatan Wang Sun-Jae
1997 -
Owners : Government of Daejeon, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : Kyeryong Construction Co.,Ltd, Hanwha Group
0 Templat:Fb team Gangwon FC 0 Gangwon Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Soon-Ho
2009 -
Owners : Government of Gangwon-do, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : High1 Resort, Nonghyup
0 Templat:Fb team Gwangju FC 0 Gwangju Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Man-Hee
2011 -
Owners : Government of Gwangju, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : Gwangju Bank
0 Templat:Fb team Gyeongnam FC 0 Gyeongnam Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Jin-Han
2006 -
Owners : Government of Gyeongsangnam-do, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : STX Corporation, Gyeongnam Bank
0 Templat:Fb team Incheon United 0 Incheon Bendera Korea Selatan Huh Jung-Moo
2004 -
Owners : Government of Incheon, Citizen Stockholder
Sponsors : Daewoo E&C, Shinhan Bank, GM Korea
0 Templat:Fb team Jeju United FC 0 Jeju Bendera Korea Selatan Park Kyung-Hoon
1983 -
Owner : SK Energy in SK Group
0 Templat:Fb team Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 0 Jeonbuk Bendera Korea Selatan Lee Heung-Sil (C)
1995 -
Owner : Hyundai Motor Company in Hyundai Motor Group
0 Templat:Fb team Pohang Steelers 0 Pohang, Gyeongbuk Bendera Korea Selatan Hwang Sun-Hong
1983 -
Owner : Pohang Steelworks in POSCO
0 Templat:Fb team Sangju Sangmu Phoenix 0 Sangju, Gyeongbuk Bendera Korea Selatan Park Hang-Seo
2003 -
Owners : Government of Sangju, Ministry of National Defence
Sponsors :
0 Templat:Fb team Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 0 Seongnam, Gyeonggi Bendera Korea Selatan Shin Tae-Yong
1989 -
Owner : Ilhwa in Tongil Group
0 Templat:Fb team FC Seoul 0 Seoul Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Yong-Soo
1984 -
Owner : GS Sports in GS Group
0 Templat:Fb team Suwon Samsung Bluewings 0 Suwon, Gyeonggi Bendera Korea Selatan Yoon Sung-Hyo
1996 -
Owner : Samsung Electronics in Samsung Group
0 Templat:Fb team Ulsan Hyundai FC 0 Ulsan Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Ho-Gon
1984 -
Owner : Hyundai Heavy Industries in Hyundai Heavy Industries Group

Stadion (2012)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Primary venues used in the K-League:

Busan IPark Chunnam Dragons Daegu FC Daejeon Citizen Gangwon FC Gwangju FC
Stadion Busan Asiad Stadion Gwangyang Stadion Daegu Stadion Piala Dunia Daejeon Stadion Gangneung Stadion Piala Dunia Gwangju
Kapasitas: 53.864 Kapasitas: 20.009 Kapasitas: 66.422 Kapasitas: 40.535 Kapasitas: 22.333 Kapasitas: 40.245
Gwangyangstadium1.jpg Gangneung Stadium2.jpg 160px
Gyeongnam FC Incheon United Jeju United Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Pohang Steelers Sangju Sangmu Phoenix
Stadion Pusat Sepakbola Changwon Stadion Incheon Stadion Piala Dunia Jeju Stadion Piala Dunia Jeonju Pohang Steel Yard Stadion Rakyat Sangju
Kapasitas: 15.116 Kapasitas: 20.891 Kapasitas: 35.657 Kapasitas: 42.477 Kapasitas: 25.000 Kapasitas: 15.042
Changwon Soccer Center 2.JPG Incheon Soccer Stadium 2.JPG 160px 160px Pohang080413 1.jpg
Seongnam Ilhwa
FC Seoul Suwon Samsung
Ulsan Hyundai
Kompleks Olahraga Tancheon Stadion Piala Dunia Seoul Stadion Piala Dunia Suwon Stadion Ulsan Munsu
Kapasitas: 16.250 Kapasitas: 66.806 Kapasitas: 43.959 Kapasitas: 44.474
Tanchon20100223 1.JPG 160px 160px

Sejarah K-League[sunting | sunting sumber]

Juara K-League[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma are the most successful team in terms of championship victories, having lifted the title on no less than seven occasions.
The roll-call of champions is as follows (present-date names included where teams have changed names previously):

  • K-League's principle of official statistics is that final club succeeds to predecessor club's history & records.

Gelar berdasarkan Musim[sunting | sunting sumber]


Musim Pemenang Juara Dua
1983 Hallelujah FC Daewoo Royals
1984 Daewoo Royals Yukong Kokkiri
1985 Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso POSCO Atoms
1986 POSCO Atoms Luck-Goldstar Hwangso
1987 Daewoo Royals POSCO Atoms
1988 POSCO Atoms Hyundai Horang-i
1989 Yukong Kokkiri Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso
1990 Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso Daewoo Royals
1991 Daewoo Royals Hyundai Horang-i
1992 POSCO Atoms Ilhwa Chunma
1993 Ilhwa Chunma LG Cheetahs
1994 Ilhwa Chunma Yukong Kokkiri
1995 Ilhwa Chunma Pohang Atoms
1996 Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i Suwon Samsung Bluewings
1997 Pusan Daewoo Royals Chunnam Dragons
1998 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
1999 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Pusan Daewoo Royals


Musim Pemenang Juara Dua
2000 Anyang LG Cheetahs Bucheon SK
2001 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Anyang LG Cheetahs
2002 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
2003 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
2004 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Pohang Steelers
2005 Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i Incheon United
2006 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2007 Pohang Steelers Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
2008 Suwon Samsung Bluewings FC Seoul
2009 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
2010 FC Seoul Jeju United
2011 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Ulsan Hyundai
2012 FC Seoul Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors

Gelar berdasarkan Klub[sunting | sunting sumber]

Club Champions Runners-Up Winning Seasons Runners-Up Seasons
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
1993, 1994, 1995, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 1992, 2007, 2009
FC Seoul
1985, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2012 1986, 1989, 1993, 2001, 2008
Pohang Steelers
1986, 1988, 1992, 2007 1985, 1987, 1995, 2004
Busan IPark
1984, 1987, 1991, 1997 1983, 1990, 1999
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
1998, 1999, 2004, 2008 1996, 2006
Ulsan Hyundai
1996, 2005 1988, 1991, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2011
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2009, 2011
Jeju United
1989 1984, 1994, 2000, 2010
Hallelujah FC
Chunnam Dragons
Incheon United

Gelar brdasarkan Kota / Wilayah[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Since 1987 season : K-League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
City / Area Titles Clubs
Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso (1990), FC Seoul (2010, 2012)
Ilhwa Chunma (1993, 1994, 1995)
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2001, 2002, 2003, 2006)
Suwon Samsung Bluewings (1998, 1999, 2004, 2008)
POSCO Atoms (1988, 1992), Pohang Steelers (2007)
Daewoo Royals (1991), Busan Daewoo Royals (1997)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2009, 2011)
Ulsan Hyundai Horangi (1996, 2005)
Anyang LG Cheetahs (2000)
Daewoo Royals (1987)
Yukong Kokkiri (1989)

Gelar Berdasarkan Provinsi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Since 1987 season : K-League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
Province Titles City / Area Clubs
Capital Region
(6) Seoul Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso (1990), FC Seoul (2010, 2012)
Ilhwa Chunma (1993, 1994, 1995)
(4) Suwon Suwon Samsung Bluewings (1998, 1999, 2004, 2008)
(4) Seongnam Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2001, 2002, 2003, 2006)
(1) Anyang Anyang LG Cheetahs (2000)
(1) Incheon+Gyeonggi Yukong Kokkiri (1989)
Gyeongsang Region
(3) Pohang POSCO Atoms (1988, 1992), Pohang Steelers (2007)
(2) Busan Daewoo Royals (1991), Busan Daewoo Royals (1997)
(2) Ulsan Ulsan Hyundai Horangi (1996, 2005)
(1) Busan+Gyeongnam Daewoo Royals (1987)
Jeolla Region
(2) Jeonbuk Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2009, 2011)
Chungcheong Region
Gangwon Region
Jeju Region
*Kokkiri means elephant, Hwangso means bull, Horang-i means tiger, Chunma means pegasus

[sunting | sunting sumber]

Start End Name
1983 1993
1994 1995 Bendera Korea Selatan Hite
1996 1997 Bendera Korea Selatan Rapido
1998 - Bendera Korea Selatan Hyundai
1999 - Bendera Korea Selatan Buy Korea
2000 - Bendera Korea Selatan Samsung DigiTall
2001 - Bendera Korea Selatan POSCO
2002 2008 Bendera Korea Selatan Samsung Hauzen
2009 -
2010 - Bendera Korea Selatan Hyundai Motor Company Sonata
2011 2012 Bendera Korea Selatan Hyundai Oilbank

Klub K-League Sepanjang Masa[sunting | sunting sumber]

There have been a total of 19 member clubs in the history of the K-League - those clubs are listed below with their current names (where applicable):

  • K-League's principle of official statistics is that final club succeeds to predecessor club's history & records.
Club (Duration) Owner(s) Sponsor(s) Note
POSCO Dolphins (1983–1984)
POSCO Atoms (1985–1994)
Pohang Atoms (1995–1996)
Pohang Steelers (1997–present)
Pohang Steelworks in POSCO Founded as a Semi-Professional FC on April 1973
Transferred into a Professional FC on February 1984
Hallelujah FC (1983–1985) defunct Shindongah Group Inauguration Date - 20 December 1980
Yukong Kokkiri (1983–1995)
Bucheon Yukong (1996–1997.09.30)
Bucheon SK (1997.10.01–2005)
Jeju United (2006–present)
SK Energy[1] in SK Group Inauguration Date - 17 December 1982
Daewoo Royals (1983–1995)
Busan Daewoo Royals (1996–1999)
Pusan I'Cons (2000–2004)
Busan I'Park (2005–2011)
Busan IPark (2012–present)
defunct Daewoo Group (1983–1999)
IPark Sports in Hyundai Development Company (2000–present)
Founded as a Semi-Professional FC in 1979
Refounded as a Professional FC
Inauguration Date - 3 December 1983
Kookmin Bank FC (1983–1984) Kookmin Bank Played as a Semi-Professional FC
Hyundai Horang-i (1984–1995)
Ulsan Hyundai Horangi (1996–2008)
Ulsan Hyundai (2008–present)
Hyundai Motor Company in Hyundai Motor Group (1984–1997)
Hyundai Heavy Industries in Hyundai Heavy Industries Group (1998–present)
Inauguration Date - 6 December 1983
Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso (1984–1990)
LG Cheetahs (1991–1995)
Anyang LG Cheetahs (1996–2003)
FC Seoul (2004–present)
LG Sports in LG Group (1984–2004)
GS Sports in GS Group[2] (2004–present)
Inauguration Date - 22 December 1983
Hanil Bank FC (1984–1986) Hanil Bank[3] Played as a Semi-Professional FC
Ilhwa Chunma (1989–1995)
Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1996–1999)
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2000–present)
Ilhwa in Tongil Group Inauguration Date - 18 March 1989
Jeonbuk Buffalo (1994) Bobaesoju (1994) Inauguration Date - 1993
Dissolution Date - 1994
Jeonbuk Dinos (1995–1996)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Dinos (1997–1999)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000–present)
Consortium of Hyunyang & Hyundai Motor Company in Hyundai Motor Group and (1995–1998)
Hyundai Motor Company in Hyundai Motor Group (1999–present)
Inauguration Date - 12 December 1994
Chunnam Dragons (1995–present) Gwangyang Steelworks in POSCO Inauguration Date - 16 December 1994
Suwon Samsung Bluewings (1996–present) Samsung Electronics in Samsung Group Inauguration Date - 15 December 1995
Daejeon Citizen (1997–present) Government of Daejeon
Citizen Stockholder
Kyeryong Construction
Hanwha Group
Inauguration Date - 12 March 1997
Daegu FC (2003–present) Government of Daegu
Citizen Stockholder
Doosan Group
Daegu Bank
Inauguration Date - 19 March 2003
Sangmu FC (1985)
Gwangju Sangmu Bulsajo (2003–2007)
Gwangju Sangmu FC (2008–2010)
Sangju Sangmu Phoenix (2011–present)
Ministry of National Defence (1985)
Government of Gwangju & Ministry of National Defence (2003–2010)
Government of Sangju & Ministry of National Defence (2011–present)
Official statistics of Sangmu FC, Gwangju Sangmu, Sanju Sangmu are separated by K-League.
Because They are special clubs for military service.
Incheon United (2004–present) Government of Incheon
Citizen Stockholder
Daewoo E&C
Shinhan Bank
GM Daewoo
Inauguration Date - 1 March 2004
Gyeongnam FC (2006–present) Government of Gyeongsangnam-do
Citizen Stockholder
STX Corporation
Gyeongnam Bank
Inauguration Date - 17 January 2006
Gangwon FC (2009–present) Government of Gangwon-do
Citizen Stockholder
High1 Resort
Nong Hyup
Inauguration Date - 18 December 2008
Gwangju FC (2011–present) Government of Gwangju
Citizen Stockholder
Gwangju Bank Inauguration Date - 16 December 2010

[1] Yokong renamed to SK Energy
[2] GS Group is separated from LG Group
[3] Hanil Bank is merged by Woori Bank
Note : Kokkiri means elephant, Horang-i means tiger, Hwangso means bull, Chunma means pegasus, Bulsajo means phoenix.

Franchise relocations in K-League[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Not Franchised Period (1983–1986) : K-League Clubs had franchise but clubs played the all game of round at one stadium.
  • Franchised Period (1987–present) : K-League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
  • Clubs which are not listed in the table don't have franchise relocations.
Club Original City / Area
(Joined Year)
Not Franchised Period
Franchised Period
Pohang Steelers Daegu+Gyeongbuk (1983) N/A Pohang (1990 / 1988[1]-present)
Jeju United Seoul+Incheon+Gyeonggi (1983) Seoul (1984) Incheon+Gyeonggi (1987) ▶ Seoul (1991)
Bucheon / Mok-dong, Seoul (1996)[2]Bucheon (2001) ▶ Jeju (2006–present)
Busan IPark Busan+Gyeongnam (1983) N/A Busan (1990 / 1989[1]-present)
Ulsan Hyundai Incheon+Gyeonggi (1984) Incheon+Gyeonggi+Gangwon(1986) Gangwon (1987) ▶ Ulsan (1990–present)
FC Seoul Chungcheong (1984) N/A Chungcheong (1987) ▶ Seoul (1990) ▶ Anyang (1996) ▶ Seoul (2004–present)
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Seoul (1989) N/A Cheonan (1996) ▶ Seongnam (2000–present)
Sangju Sangmu Phoenix Gwangju (2003) N/A Gwangju (2003) ▶ Sangju (2011–present)

[1] K-League officially began city franchise policy in 1990, But Pohang Stleeers began in 1988 and Busan I'Park began in 1989.
[2] Actually Bucheon SK held all home matches at Mokdong Stadium in Seoul until 2000. Because Bucheon Stadium was under construction.

PEnghargaan K-League[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pemain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pencetak gol[sunting | sunting sumber]

Following list is all-time top scorers in the K-League. Goals are including league and league cup goals.

Per 13 April 2012.
Rank Player Goals
1 Bendera Korea Selatan Lee Dong-Gook 121
2 Bendera Korea Selatan Woo Sung-Yong 116
3 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Do-Hoon 114
4 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Hyun-Seok 110
5 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Eun-Jung 107
6 Bendera Serbia Saša Drakulić 104
7 Bendera Korea Selatan Yoon Sang-Chul 101
8 Bendera Korea Selatan Shin Tae-Yong 99
9 Bendera Montenegro Dejan Damjanović 93
10 Bendera Korea Selatan Roh Sang-Rae 76
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football,
Bold denotes players still playing in the K-League).

Appearances[sunting | sunting sumber]

Following list is all-time most appearances in the K-League. Appearances are including league and league cup.

Rank Player Appearances
1 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Byung-Ji 568
2 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Gi-Dong 501
3 Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Eun-Sung 464
4 Bendera Korea Selatan Woo Sung-Yong 439
5 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Sang-Sik 411
6 Bendera Korea Selatan Shin Tae-Yong 401
7 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Hyun-Soo 383
8 Bendera Korea Selatan Lee Woon-Jae 377
9 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Hyun-Seok 371
10 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Han-Yoon 367
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football,
Bold denotes players still playing in the K-League).

Foreign Players[sunting | sunting sumber]

Season Squad Play in match Note
1983–1993 2 2
1994 3 2 If three players chosen to South Korea in one club,
three foreign players can play.
1995 3 3
1996–2000 5 3 From 1997 season, foreign goalkeepers were restricted in play the match.
* 1997 season : Two-third of all matches
* 1998 season : one-third of all matches
* From 1999 season : foreign goalkeepers were restricted in K-League
2001–2002 7 3 Temporary operation due to support the World Cup
2003–2004 5 3
2005 4 3
2006–2008 3 3
2009– 3+1 3+1 '+1' is Asian quota.

At the inception of the K-League in 1983, only two Brazilian players made rosters. At the time, rules allowed each club to have three foreign players and that the three could also play simultaneously in a game. From the 1996 season, each team had five foreign players among whom three could play in a game at the same time. Moreover, from the 2000 season to the 2002 season, the limit on foreign players was expanded seven but only three could play in a game at the same time. The limit was lower to five in 2003, four in 2005, and three in 2007. From the 2009 season, the number of foreign players went back up to four per team, including a slot for a player from AFC countries.

In the 1985 season, Piyapong Pue-on of Thailand led foreign players in the league in scoring and assists. Other leading players were Rade Bogdanović, who had 10 goals and 10 assists in the 1996 season. Valeri Sarychev, the K-League's most famous foreign goalkeeper, played in 320 league games from 1992 to 2004. He was eventually naturalized as a Korean citizen and given the Korean name Shin Eui-Son which means God's hand because of his stellar play.

In the 1990s, the trend was for the K-League to get foreign players from Eastern Europe like Rade Bogdanović, Radivoje Manic, Saša Drakulić and Denis Laktionov. From 2000, Brazilians became the K-League's priority such as Tavares, Mota, Nádson, Adilson and Edu. Since 2009, players from AFC have been fairly popular especially those from Australia, China PR, Japan and Uzbekistan.

Notable Foreign Players
Europe (cont.)
South America
South America (cont.)
North America, Central America & Caribbean

Lambang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "The World Cup 2006 in TIME Europe Magazine". Time. October 7, 2006. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal August 15, 2007.  Text " The Crying Game " ignored (help)

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:K-League Templat:K-League seasons Templat:K-League Cup seasons Templat:Football in South Korea Templat:AFC Leagues