Piala FA Korea

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Piala FA Korea
Korea FA Cup.png
Dibentuk 1996
(1921 as All Korea Football Tournament)
Wilayah Bendera Korea Selatan Republik Korea
Jumlah tim 47 (2011)
Juara bertahan Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Klub tersukses Chunnam Dragons
Suwon Bluewings
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
(all 3 times)
Situs web http://www.kfa.or.kr
Soccerball current event.svg Piala FA Korea 2011

Piala FA Korea adalah kompetisi piala dengan sistem gugur yang melibatkan klub-klub K-League, Liga Nasional Korea, serta tim-tim sepakbola amatir dan universitas, yang diadakan setahun sekali oleh Asosiasi Sepak Bola Korea. Format sebelumnya dimulai pada tahun 1921, sebagai Turnamen Sepakbola Seluruh Korea (1921–1940) dan menjadi Kejuaraan Sepakbola Nasional Korea (1946–2000), tetapi Piala FA dalam format yang sekarang dimulai tahun 1996. Asosiasi Sepak Bola Korea menggabungkan kompetisi pialanya dengan Piala FA pada tahun 2000. Pemenangnya berhak masuk ke babak grup Liga Champions AFC.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Turnamen Sepakbola Seluruh Korea dibetuk oleh Dewan Olahraga Korea pada 1921, pada saat masa penjajahan Jepang di Korea. Klub-klub sepakbola pemuda, pelajar, dan dewasa dari berbagai provinsi berpartisipasi. Setelah 1934, menjadi bagian dari Festival Olahraga Nasional Korea, which was the championship for various sports games and matched Koreans against other sports championships operated by Japanese who lived in Korea. The Korea Sports Council was disbanded in 1937, due to the Japanese government's oppression. The KFA succeeded it after 1938, but was cancelled after 1940 for the same reason during World War II.[1][2]

Setelah pembebasan Korea, the KFA founded the National Football Championship in 1946. Many clubs from all over Korea participated. It opened in late autumn, like its predecessor, the All Korea Football Tournament.

It declined after the founding of the The Korean Professional Football League (K-League) in 1983, because professional clubs and famous players didn’t take part in it. There were several efforts to make professional clubs join the tournament,[3] and it became so successful that many top-rank clubs joined in and the KFA renamed it FA Cup for the 1988 and 1989 seasons.[4][5] However, it soon returned to an amateur tournament, because of discord between the KFA and professional football clubs. KFA's FA Cup separated from the National Football Championship in 1996. The two competitions merged again in 2000.

Format[sunting | sunting sumber]

1996-2005

Piala FA Korea took place after the end of the regular K-League season, and was usually completed over a short period. Games were played in a single-elimination format, with extra time and penalties if required. K-League sides were seeded in the 1st round of the tournament proper, but all matches were played at neutral venues, such as Gimcheon and Namhae.

2006-

To elevate the status of the tournament, matches were spread throughout the year. The 2006 edition, for example, started in early March, with rounds also held in April, July, August and November. The final was played in December.

As in previous years, the competition was contested in a straight knockout format.

[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan dan Statistik (sejak 1996)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lima klub yaitu Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors, Chunnam Dragons, Suwon Samsung Bluewings (masing-masing tiga kali) dan Pohang Steelers, Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (masing-masing dua kali) telah memenangkan Piala FA Korea lebih dari sekali.

Gelar berdasarkan Musim[sunting | sunting sumber]

Musim Pemenang Juara Dua Skor
1996 Pohang Atoms Suwon Samsung Bluewings 0-0 (7-6 PSO)
1997 Chunnam Dragons Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma 1-0
1998 Anyang LG Cheetahs Ulsan Hyundai Horangi 2-1
1999 Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma Jeonbuk Hyundai Dinos 3-0
2000 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 2-0
2001 Daejeon Citizen Pohang Steelers 1-0
2002 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Pohang Steelers 1-0
2003 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Chunnam Dragons 2-2 (4-2 PSO)
2004 Busan I'cons Bucheon SK 1-1 (4-3 PSO)
2005 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC 1-0
2006 Chunnam Dragons Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2-0
2007 Chunnam Dragons Pohang Steelers 3-2(1st leg), 1-3(2nd leg)
6-3(Agg)
2008 Pohang Steelers Gyeongnam FC 2-0
2009 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 1-1 (4-2 PSO)
2010 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Busan I'Park FC 1-0
2011 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Suwon Samsung Bluewings 1-0

Gelar Berdasarkan Klub[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • K-League official policy is that current clubs succeed to predecessor clubs' history & records.[6]
Klub Pemenang Juara Dua
Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3 (2002, 2009, 2010) 3 (1996, 2006, 2011)
Chunnam Dragons 3 (1997, 2006, 2007) 1 (2003)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 3 (2000, 2003, 2005) 1 (1999)
Pohang Steelers 2 (1996, 2008) 3 (2001, 2002, 2007)
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 2 (1999, 2011) 3 (1997, 2000, 2009)
Busan I'Park 1 (2004) 1 (2010)
FC Seoul 1 (1998) 0
Daejeon Citizen 1 (2001) 0
Ulsan Hyundai 0 1 (1998)
Jeju United 0 1 (2004)
Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC 0 1 (2005)
Gyeongnam FC 0 1 (2008)

Gelar Berdasarkan Kota / Wilayah[sunting | sunting sumber]

City / Area Titles Clubs
Jeonnam
3
Chunnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
Jeonbuk
3
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Suwon
3
Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
Pohang
2
Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008)
Seongnam
1
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Cheonan
1
Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
Anyang
1
Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
Daejeon
1
Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Busan
1
Busan I'cons (2004)

Gelar Berdasarkan Provinsi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Province Titles City / Area Clubs
Jeolla Region
6
(3) Jeonnam
Chunnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
(3) Jeonbuk Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Capital Region
5
(1) Anyang Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
(3) Suwon Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
(1) Seongnam Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Gyeongsang Region
3
(2) Pohang Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008)
(1) Busan Busan I'cons (2004)
Chungcheong Region
2
(1) Cheonan Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
(1) Daejeon Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Gangwon Region
0
Jeju Region
0
*Chunma means pegasus

Pemenang Penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penghargaan Pemain Terbaik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Musim Pemain Klub
1996 Bendera Korea Selatan Cho Jin-Ho Pohang Steelers
1997 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Jung-Hyuk Chunnam Dragons
1998 Bendera Korea Selatan Kang Chun-Ho Anyang LG Cheetahs
1999 Bendera Korea Selatan Park Nam-Yeol Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma
2000 Bendera Korea Selatan Park Seong-Bae Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2001 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
2002 Bendera Korea Selatan Seo Jung-Won Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2003 Bendera Brasil Edmilson Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2004 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Yong-Dae Busan I'cons
2005 Bendera Kolombia Milton Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2006 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Hyo-Il Chunnam Dragons
2007 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Chi-Woo Chunnam Dragons
2008 Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Hyo-Jin Pohang Steelers
2009 Bendera Korea Selatan Lee Woon-Jae Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2010 Bendera Korea Selatan Yeom Ki-Hun Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2011 Bendera Korea Selatan Cho Dong-Keon Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma

Top Scorer Award[sunting | sunting sumber]

Season Player Club Goals
1996 Bendera Rusia Denis Laktionov Suwon Samsung Bluewings
4
1997 Bendera Korea Selatan Roh Sang-Rae Chunnam Dragons
6
1998 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Jong-Kun Ulsan Hyundai
5
1999 Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Yong-Soo Anyang LG Cheetahs
5
2000 Bendera Brasil Cesar Chunnam Dragons
4
2001 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
4
Bendera Korea Selatan Choi Sung-Kuk Korea University
2002
No Award
2003
No Award
2004 Bendera Korea Selatan Wang Jung-Hyun FC Seoul
5
Bendera Korea Selatan Jung Jo-Gook FC Seoul
2005 Bendera Kolombia Milton Rodriguez Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
6
2006 Bendera Korea Selatan Jang Nam-Seok Daegu FC
3
2007
No Award
2008 Bendera Korea Selatan Kim Dong-Chan Gyeongnam FC
6
2009 Bendera Republik Makedonia Stevica Ristić Pohang Steelers
5
2010 Bendera Korea Selatan Ji Dong-Won Chunnam Dragons
5
Bendera Brasil Índio Chunnam Dragons
2011 Bendera Korea Selatan Go Seul-Ki Ulsan Hyundai
4

In 2002, 2003 and 2007, award was cancelled, because top scorer was of 3 or more people.

All-time winners (including former Cups)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The records of FA Cup including former Cups(All Korea Football Tournament, Korean National Football Championship) are the followings.[7][8][9]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.163-166, p.220-226.
  2. ^ English translation of 전조선축구대회 is “All Korea Football Tournament” as described in official KFA homepage. KFA>Archives>History
  3. ^ 내년부터 축구의 "王中王(왕중왕)" 「FA컵대회」신설 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1981-11-15.
  4. ^ FA컵축구 15일개막 프로•실업등42팀참가 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1988-11-10.
  5. ^ 89축구「王中王(왕중왕)」뽑는다 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1989-11-01.
  6. ^ "The Official K-League Almanac (Korea)". K-League editorial division. 
  7. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.540-544, p.579-584.
  8. ^ 대한축구협회>한국축구사>국내주요대회소개 (Templat:ISO 639 name ko)(Inggris)(Jepang)
  9. ^ The winner and the runners-up of All Korea Football Tournament are those of adult football division.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Korean FA Cup seasons Templat:Football in South Korea Templat:Women's football in South Korea Templat:National football Cups (AFC region)