William Jennings Bryan

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William Jennings Bryan
WilliamJBryan1902.png
Lahir(1860-03-19)19 Maret 1860
Salem, Illinois[1]
Meninggal26 Juli 1925(1925-07-26) (umur 65)
Dayton, Tennessee
AlmamaterIllinois College, Union College of Law
JabatanSekretaris Negara Amerika Serikat
PendahuluPhilander C. Knox
PenggantiRobert Lansing
Partai politikDemokrat
Suami/istriMary Baird Bryan
AnakRuth Bryan Owen,
William Jennings Bryan Jr., Grace Bryan
Tanda tangan
William Jennings Bryan Signature 2.svg
Tampat lahir Bryan di Salem

William Jennings Bryan (19 Maret 1860 – 26 Juli 1925) adalah seorang politisi Amerika yang memimpin dari 1890-an sampai kematiannya.

Ia menjabat dua jabatan sebagai anggota Dewan Perwakilan Amerika Serikat dari Nebraska dan merupakan Sekretaris Negara Amerika Serikat di bawah Presiden Woodrow Wilson (1913–1915), menjabat karena posisi pasifis-nya pada Perang Dunia.

Latar belakang dan karier awal: 1860–1896[sunting | sunting sumber]

William Jennings Bryan lahir di Salem, Illinois pada 19 Maret 1860, dari Silas Lillard Bryan dan Mariah Elizabeth (Jennings) Bryan.

Referensi dan Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bryan, William Jennings. William Jennings Bryan: selections ed. by Ray Ginger (1967) 259 pages
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The first battle: a story of the campaign of 1896 (1897), 693pp; campaign speeches online edition
  • The Commoner Condensed, annual compilation of The Commoner magazine; full text online for 1901, 1902, 1903, 1907, 1907, 1908
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The old world and its ways (1907) 560 pages full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. Speeches of William Jennings Bryan edited by Mary Baird Bryan (1909) full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. In His image (1922) 226pp full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The Memoirs: of William Jennings Bryan, by himself and his wife (1925) 560pp; online edition
  • Bryan, William Jennings. British Rule in India (1906) Online Edition

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cherny, Robert W. A Righteous Cause: The Life of William Jennings Bryan (1994).
  • Coletta; Paolo E. William Jennings Bryan 3 vols. (1964), the most detailed biography. online vol 1; online vol 2; online vol 3
  • Glad, Paul W. The Trumpet Soundeth: William Jennings Bryan and His Democracy 1896–1912 (1966).
  • Hibben; Paxton. The Peerless Leader, William Jennings Bryan (1929).
  • Kazin, Michael. A Godly Hero: The Life of William Jennings Bryan (2006).
  • Koenig, Louis W. Bryan: A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan (1971).
  • Leinwand, Gerald. William Jennings Bryan: An Uncertain Trumpet (Lanham (MD), Rowman & Littlefield, 2006).
  • Levine, Lawrence W. Defender of the Faith: William Jennings Bryan, The Last Decade, 1915–1925 (1965).
  • Werner; M. R. Bryan (1929).

Studi khusus[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barnes, James A. (1947). "Myths of the Bryan Campaign". Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Organization of American Historians. 34 (3): 367–404. doi:10.2307/1898096. JSTOR 1898096.  on 1896
  • Bensel, Richard Franklin. Passion and Preferences: William Jennings Bryan and the 1896 Democratic Convention (2008)
  • Cherny, Robert W. (1996). "William Jennings Bryan and the Historians". Nebraska History. 77 (3–4): 184–193. ISSN 0028-1859.  Analysis of the historiography.
  • Edwards, Mark (2000). "Rethinking the Failure of Fundamentalist Political Antievolutionism after 1925". Fides et Historia. 32 (2): 89–106. ISSN 0884-5379. PMID 17120377.  Argues that fundamentalists thought they had won Scopes trial but death of Bryan shook their confidence.
  • Glad, Paul W. (1964). McKinley, Bryan and the People. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 
  • Hohenstein, Kurt (2000). "William Jennings Bryan and the Income Tax: Economic Statism and Judicial Usurpation in the Election of 1896". Journal of Law & Politics. 16 (1): 163–192. ISSN 0749-2227. 
  • Jeansonne, Glen (1988). "Goldbugs, Silverites, and Satirists: Caricature and Humor in the Presidential Election of 1896". Journal of American Culture. 11 (2): 1–8. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.1988.1102_1.x. ISSN 0191-1813. 
  • Larson, Edward (1997). Summer for the Gods: The Scopes trial and America's continuing debate over science and religion. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-07509-6. 
  • Longfield, Bradley J. (2000). "For Church and Country: the Fundamentalist-modernist Conflict in the Presbyterian Church". Journal of Presbyterian History. 78 (1): 34–50. ISSN 0022-3883.  Puts Scopes in larger religious context.
  • Mahan, Russell L. (2003). "William Jennings Bryan and the Presidential Campaign of 1896". White House Studies. 3 (2): 215–227. ISSN 1535-4768. 
  • Murphy, Troy A. (2002). "William Jennings Bryan: Boy Orator, Broken Man, and the 'Evolution' of America's Public Philosophy". Great Plains Quarterly. 22 (2): 83–98. ISSN 0275-7664. 
  • Scroop, Daniel. "William Jennings Bryan's 1905–1906 World Tour," Historical Journal (2013) 56#2 pp 459–486 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0018246X12000520
  • Smith, Willard H. (1966). "William Jennings Bryan and the Social Gospel". Journal of American History. Organization of American Historians. 53 (1): 41–60. doi:10.2307/1893929. JSTOR 1893929. 
  • Taylor, Jeff (2006). Where Did the Party Go?: William Jennings Bryan, Hubert Humphrey, and the Jeffersonian Legacy. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-1659-5.  On Bryan's place in Democratic Party history and ideology.
  • Wood, L. Maren (2002). "The Monkey Trial Myth: Popular Culture Representations of the Scopes Trial". Canadian Review of American Studies. 32 (2): 147–164. doi:10.3138/CRAS-s032-02-01. ISSN 0007-7720. 

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ William Jennings Bryan Nebraska State Historical Society

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]