Westland Sea King

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WS-61 Sea King
Commando
RAF Rescue Helicopter.jpg
Royal Air Force Sea King HAR3A
Jenis Medium-lift transport/utility helicopter
Pembuat Westland Helicopters
Penerbangan perdana 7 Mei 1969
Dipensiunkan December 2011 (di Australia)
Status Active service
Pengguna utama Royal Navy
Royal Air Force
Indian Navy
Dibuat 1969–1995
Jumlah 344
Dikembangkan dari Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King
Sea King Mk48 Tours.JPG

Westland WS-61 Sea King adalah helikopter Inggris versi lisensi-built dari Amerika Sikorsky S-61 dari nama yang sama, dibangun oleh helikopter Westland. Pesawat berbeda jauh dari versi Amerika, dengan Rolls-Royce Gnome mesin (lisensi-built General Electric T58s), buatan Inggris sistem perang anti-kapal selam dan sistem kontrol penerbangan sepenuhnya terkomputerisasi. Sea King terutama dirancang untuk melakukan misi anti-kapal selam (ASW). Sea King varian diadaptasi oleh Westland sebagai transportasi pasukan yang dikenal sebagai Commando.

Spesifikasi (Sea King HAS.5)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Orthographically projected diagram of the SH-3 Sea King.

Karakteristik umum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kru: Dua sampai empat, tergantung pada misi
  • Panjang: 55 ft 10 in [ 128 ] (17.02 m)
  • Rotor diameter: 62 ft 0 in (18,90 m)
  • Tinggi: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m)
  • Disc area: 3.020 ft ² (280 m²)
  • Berat kosong : 14.051 lb (6,387 kg)
  • Loaded berat: £ 21.000 (9,525 kg)
  • Max. berat lepas landas : £ 21.400 (9.707 kg) (berat badan berlebihan)
  • Powerplant : 2 × Rolls-Royce Gnome H1400-2 turboshafts , 1.660 shp (1.238 kW) masing-masing
  • Baling-baling: Lima rotor berbilah

Prestasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kecepatan maksimum : 129 mph (112 knot, 208 km / h) (max cruise di permukaan laut)
  • Rentang : 764 mil (664 nm , 1.230 km)
  • Tingkat panjat : 2.020 ft / min (10.3 m / s)

Persenjataan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 4 × Markus 44 , Markus 46 atau Sting Ray torpedos , atau 4 × biaya Kedalaman

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Allen, Patrick. Sea King. London: Airlife, 1993. ISBN 1-85310-324-1.
  • Armistead, Leigh and Edwin Armistead. Awacs and Hawkeyes: The Complete History of Airborne Early Warning Aircraft. St Paul, Minnesota: Zenith Imprint, 2002. ISBN 0-7603-1140-4.
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  • Bud, Robert and Philip Gummett. Cold War, Hot Science: Applied Research in Britain's Defence Laboratories, 1945–1990. London: NMSI Trading, 2002. ISBN 1-900747-47-2.
  • Burden, Rodney A., Michael A. Draper, Douglas A. Rough, Colin A. Smith and David Wilton. Falklands: The Air War. Twickenham, UK: British Aviation Research Group, 1986. ISBN 0-906339-05-7.
  • Byers, R.B. The Denuclearisation of the Oceans. London: Taylor & Francis, 1986. ISBN 0-7099-3936-1.
  • Carrara, Dino. "Sea Kings to the Rescue". Air International, Vol. 77, No. 6, December 2009, pp. 78–82. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Chant, Christopher. Air War in the Falklands 1982. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-293-8.
  • Chant, Christopher. A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware. London: Routledge, 1988. ISBN 0-7102-0720-4.
  • Chartres, John. Westland Sea King: Modern Combat Aircraft 18. Surrey, UK: Ian Allen, 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1394-2.
  • Chesneau, Roger. Aeroguide 10: Westland Sea King HAR Mk 3. Essex, UK: Linewrights, 1985. ISBN 0-946958-09-2.
  • Donald, David., Christopher Chant. Air War in the Gulf 1991. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-295-4.
  • Eden, Paul (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London: Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904687-84-9. 
  • Ellis, Ken. Wrecks & Relics 22nd edition. Manchester, UK: Crecy Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-0-85979-150-2.
  • Freedman, Lawrence. The Official History of the Falklands Campaign: War and diplomacy. London: Routledge, 2005. ISBN 0-7146-5207-5.
  • Fricker, John. "Pakistan's Naval Air Power". Air International, Vol. 40 No. 6. June 1991. pp. 297–301. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Gibbings, David. Sea King: 21 years Service with the Royal Navy. Yeovilton, Somerset, UK: Society of Friends of the Fleet Air Arm Museum, 1990. ISBN 0-9513139-1-6.
  • Gillett, Ross. Australia's Armed Forces of the Eighties. Brookvale, New South Wales, Australia: Child & Henry, 1986. ISBN 0-86777-081-3.
  • Hewish, Mark. Air Forces of the World: An Illustrated Directory of All the World's Military Air Powers. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979. ISBN 0-671-25086-8.
  • Hiranandani, G.M. Transition to Eminence: The Indian Navy 1976–1990. New Delhi, India: Lancer Publishers, 2005. ISBN 81-7062-266-2.
  • Hiranandani, G.M. Transition to Guardianship: Indian Navy 1991–2000. New Delhi, India: Lancer Publishers, 2012. ISBN 1-935501-26-7.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol 180 no. 5321, 13–19 December 2011. pp. 26–52. ISSN 0015-3710.
  • Howard, Lee, Mick Burrow and Eric Myall. Fleet Air Arm Helicopters since 1943. Staplefield, Sussex, UK: Air-Britain, 2011. ISBN 978-0-85130-304-8.
  • James, Derek N. Westland Aircraft since 1915. London: Putnam, 1991. ISBN 0-85177-847-X.
  • Lake, Jon. "Westland Sea King: Variant Briefing". World Air Power Journal, Volume 25, Summer 1996, pp. 110–135. London: Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-84702-379-4. ISSN 0959-7050.
  • McGowen, Stanley S. Helicopters: An Illustrated History of their Impact. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2005. ISBN 1-85109-468-7.
  • Ripley, Tim. Conflict in the Balkans, 1991–2000. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-290-3.
  • The Royal Air Force Handbook: The Definitive MoD Guide. London: Conway, 2006. ISBN 1-85753-384-4.
  • Singh, Pushpindar. "Sealand to Bear-Foxtrot...The History of India's Naval Air Arm: Part Two". Air International, Vol. 40 No. 1, January 1991. pp. 34–44. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Thorn, Jim and Gerard Frawley. International Directory of Military Aircraft 1996–1997. Fyshwick, Australian Capital Territory, Australia: Aerospace Publications, 1996. ISBN 1-875671-20-X.
  • Uttley, Matthew. Westland and the British Helicopter Industry, 1945–1960: Licensed Production versus Indigenous Innovation. London: Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-7146-5194-X.
  • "Westland's Multi-role Helicopter Family: Omnifarious Sea King". Air International, Vol. 20, No. 5, May 1981, pp. 215–221, 251–252. ISSN 0306-5634.