Aérospatiale Gazelle

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Aerospatiale Gazelle AH1 Royal Marines in Iraq 2002.JPEG

Aérospatiale Gazelle adalah helikopter ringan dengan lima tempat duduk , bermesin turbin tunggal. Helikopter ini didesai dan dibuat di Perancis oleh Sud Aviation (kemudian Aérospatiale), dan juga dibuat dengan lisensi oleh Westland Aircraft di Inggris (dikenal sebagai Westland Gazelle), oleh SOKO di Yugoslavia, dan ABHCO di Egypt. Helikopter Gazelle telah digunakan di banyak angkatan udara di seluruh dunia.

Spesifikasi (SA 341)[sunting | sunting sumber]

AEROSPATIALE, WESTLAND GAZELLE.png

Karakteristik umum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kru: 2
  • Kapasitas: 3 Penumpang
  • Panjang: 11,97 m (39 ft 0 in)
  • Main rotor diameter: 10,5 m (34 ft 6 in)
  • Tinggi: 3,15 m (10 ft 3 in)
  • Main rotor daerah: 86,5 m 2 (931 ft 2 )
  • Berat kosong: 908 kg (£ 2002)
  • Berat kotor: 1.800 kg (£ 3970)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Turbomeca Astazou IIIA turboshaft, 440 kW (590 hp)

Prestasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kecepatan maksimum: 310 km / h (193 mph)
  • Kecepatan jelajah: 264 km / h (164 mph)
  • Rentang: 670 km (416 mil)
  • Layanan langit-langit: 5.000 m (16.405 kaki)
  • Tingkat panjat: 9 m / s (1.770 ft / min)

Budaya populer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dua Gazelle yang dimodifikasi untuk bintang sebagai serangan / pengawasan berteknologi tinggi helikopter pada tahun 1983 aksi-thriller Film Blue Thunder. Sebuah Gazelle digunakan sebagai bagian dari semi-truk futuristik dalam serial televisi The Highwayman .

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cocault Gerald. "A l'assaut du desert". French army (ALAT) in the first Gulf war (1990) ISBN 9782810623297
  • Ashton, Nigel and Bryan Gibson. The Iran-Iraq War: New International Perspectives. Taylor & Francis, 2013. ISBN 1-13511-536-2.
  • Chant, Chris (2013). Air War in the Falklands 1982. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-47280-051-6. 
  • Crawford, Stephen. Twenty First Century Military Helicopters: Today's Fighting Gunships. Zenith Imprint, 2003. ISBN 0-76031-504-3.
  • Eden, Paul, ed. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London, UK: Amber Books. ISBN 1-904687-84-9. 
  • Feiler, Gil. Economic Relations Between Egypt and the Gulf Oil States, 1967-2000: Petro Wealth and Patterns of Influence. Sussex Academic Press, 2003. ISBN 1-90390-040-9.
  • Gunston, Bill; Lake, Jon; Mason, Francis K. (1990). "A-Z of Aircraft: Aerospatiale Gazelle". Airplane Magazine 1 (6): p. 165. 
  • Field, Hugh. "Anglo-French rotary collaboration goes civil." Flight International, 8 February 1973. pp. 173–174.
  • Field, Hugh (12 April 1973). "Nimble Gazelle". Flight International: pp. 585–589 
  • "Franco–British Antelope: The First Ten Years in the Life of the Aerospatiale/Westland Gazelle". Air International 13 (6): pp. 277–283, 300. December 1977. 
  • Fricker, John (February 1973). "The Gazelle: Looking at American Pastures". Flying Magazine 92 (2): pp. 72–76. 
  • Giorgio, Apostolo (1984). "SA.341 Gazelle". The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters. New York: Bonanza Books. ISBN 978-0-517-43935-7. 
  • Hoyle, Craig (13–19 December 2011). "World Air Force Directory". Flight International 180 (5321): pp. 26–52. ISSN 0015-3710. 
  • Hunter, Jane. Israeli Foreign Policy: South Africa and Central America. South End Press, 1987. ISBN 0-89608-285-7.
  • Keucher, Ernest R. "Military assistance and foreign policy". Air Force Institute of Technology, 1989. ISBN 0-91617-101-9.
  • Lowry, Richard. The Gulf War Chronicles: A Military History of the First War with Iraq. iUniverse, 2008. ISBN 0-59560-075-1.
  • McClellan, J. Mac (December 1989). "Churning up the Soup". Flying Magazine 116 (12): pp. 30–31. ISSN 0015-4806. 
  • McGowen, Stanley S. Helicopters: An Illustrated History Of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO, 2005. ISBN 1-85109-468-7.
  • "Mid '70s Roundup". Flying Magazine 98 (2): p. 94. February 1976. 
  • Pollack, Kenneth Michael. Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948-1991. University of Nebraska Press, 2002. ISBN 0-80320-686-0.
  • Ripley, Tim. Conflict in the Balkans: 1991-2000. Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-290-3.
  • Spiller, Roger J. Combined arms in battle since 1939. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Press, 1992. ISBN 1-42891-537-0.
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1982). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2. 
  • Tucker, Spencer S. The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts. ABC-CLIO, 2010. ISBN 1-85109-948-4.
  • Wallis, Andrew. Silent Accomplice: The Untold Story of France's Role in the Rwandan Genocide. I.B.Tauris, 2006. ISBN 1-84511-247-4.
  • Zoubir, Yahia H. "North Africa in Transition: State, Society, and Economic Transformation in the 1990s". University Press of Florida, 1999. ISBN 0-81301-655-X.

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