Wang Mang

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Wang Mang (Hanzi: 王莽, s. 45Templat:Sbc – 6 Oktober 23 M), nama kehormatan Jujun (巨君), adalah seorang pejabat Dinasti Han yang merebut tahta dari keluarga Liu dan mendirikan Dinasti Xin (atau Hsin, artinya "terbarukan"[1]) (新朝), memerintah 9–23 M. Dinasti Han direstorasi setelah ia dilengserkan, dan pemerintahannya menandai pemisahan antara Dinasti Han Barat (sebelum Xin) dan Dinasti Han Timur (setelah Xin).

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki

  1. ^ Early Chinese dynasties were typically named after the fief of their founding dynast, and this reading is consistent with Wang Mang's pre-imperial position as Marquess of Xin. In 1950, C.B. Sargent suggested that the name of the dynasty should be read as meaning "new", which J.J.L. Duyvendak rejected out of hand. Chauncey S. Goodrich later convincingly argued that it may be possible to assign a semantic reading to xin, but that it ought to be read as renewed or renewal, not simply new. See Goodrich, Chauncey S. (July 1957). "The Reign of Wang Mang: Hsin or New?". Oriens. Leiden: Brill. 10 (1): 114–8. doi:10.2307/1578760. 

Karya yang dikutip

  • Steven S. Drachman, "The Ghosts of Watt O'Hugh", Chickadee Prince Books, 2011. ISBN 978-0-578-08590-6.
  • Loewe, Michael. "Wang Mang 王莽 (2)". A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods (221 BC – AD 24). Leiden: Brill. hlm. 536–45. 
  • Rudi Thomsen, Ambition and confucianism: a biography of Wang Mang, Aarhus University Press, 1988. ISBN 87-7288-155-0.
  • Yap, Joseph P. "Wars With The Xiongnu, A Translation From Zizhi tongjian" Chapters 13–17, AuthorHouse (2009) ISBN 978-1-4490-0604-4