W. C. Fields

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W. C. Fields
Fields, 1938
LahirWilliam Claude Dukenfield
(1880-01-29)29 Januari 1880
Darby, Pennsylvania, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal25 Desember 1946(1946-12-25) (umur 66)
Pasadena, California, Amerika Serikat
MakamForest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California
Nama lainCharles Bogle
Otis Criblecoblis
Mahatma Kane Jeeves
PekerjaanPemeran, pelawak, juggler, penulis
Tahun aktif1898–1946
Harriet Hughes
(m. 1900⁠–⁠1946)
PasanganBessie Poole (1916–1926)
Carlotta Monti (1933–1946; kematiannya)

William Claude Dukenfield (29 Januari 1880 – 25 Desember 1946)[1] yang lebih dikenal sebagai W. C. Fields, adalah seorang pelawak, pemeran, juggler, dan penulis Amerika Serikat.[2] Pesona komika Fields masih menjadi karakter khasnya.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Fields always observed his birthday on January 29, and his death certificate confirms this. ... When Fields married Harriet Veronica Hughes in San Francisco, on April 8, 1900, he was twenty years old and, under California law, could not enter into a marriage without parental consent. He therefore gave his birthdate as April 9, 1879, and often used this date thereafter. However, when he applied for a passport later that same year, he swore under oath that his correct birthdate was January 29, 1880." Curtis, James. W. C. Fields: A Biography. New York: A. Knopf, 2003, p. 525
  2. ^ Obituary Variety, January 1, 1947, p. 46.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Artikel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • W. C. Fields, Fields for President (1940, 1971) Dodd, Mead ISBN 0396064191. (Humorous essays about Fields's stance on marriage, politics, finance, etc.)
  • Robert Lewis Taylor, W. C. Fields: His Follies and Fortunes (1949) Doubleday & Co., (1967) New American Library ISBN 0451506537. (First book biography, with many firsthand quotes from friends and colleagues)
  • Gene Fowler, Minutes of the Last Meeting (1954) Viking Press
  • Eddie Cantor, As I Remember Them (1963) Duell, Sloan & Pearce
  • Donald Deschner (ed.), The Films of W. C. Fields (1966, 2000) Citadel Press
  • Corey Ford, "The One and Only W. C. Fields" from The Time of Laughter (1967) Little, Brown
  • William K. Everson, The Art of W. C. Fields (1967) Random House ISBN 0517012324. (First book-length examination of the Fields films)
  • Richard J. Anobile (ed.), Drat!: Being the Encapsulated View of Life by W. C. Fields in His Own Words (1968) World Publishing
  • David Robinson, The Great Funnies: A History of Film Comedy (1969) E.P. Dutton
  • Bosley Crowther, "W. C. Fields Comedy Festival" from New York Times Film Reviews, 1959–1968 (1970) Arno Press
  • Andre Sennwald, capsule reviews from New York Times Film Reviews, 1932–1938 (1970) Arno Press
  • Raymond Durgnat, "Suckers and Soaks" from The Crazy Mirror: Hollywood Comedy and the American Image (1970) Dell Publishing
  • Andrew Bergman, "Some Anarcho-Nihilist Laff Riots" from We're in the Money: Depression America and Its Films (1971) New York University Press
  • Otis Ferguson, "The Great McGonigle" from The Film Criticism of Otis Ferguson (1971) Temple University Press
  • Carlotta Monti (with Cy Rice), W. C. Fields and Me (1971) Prentice-Hall, ISBN 978-0139444548. (basis of the 1976 film starring Rod Steiger)
  • Richard J, Anobile (ed.), A Flask of Fields: Verbal and Visual Gems from the Films of W. C. Fields (1972) W.W. Norton
  • Leonard Maltin, Selected Short Subjects (first published as The Great Movie Shorts, 1972) Crown Publishers, (revised 1983) Da Capo Press
  • Ronald J. Fields (ed.), W. C. Fields by Himself: His Intended Autobiography with Hitherto Unpublished Letters, Notes, Scripts and Articles (1973) Prentice-Hall ISBN 0139444629.
  • W. C. Fields (with Charles Grayson), The Bank Dick (1973) Simon & Schuster (the August 22, 1940 screenplay)
  • W. C. Fields (with John T. Neville, et al.), Never Give a Sucker an Even Break (Rupert Hughes, et al.) Tillie and Gus (1973) Simon & Schuster (Continuity scripts derived from these films)
  • Penelope Gilliatt, "To W. C. Fields, Dyspeptic Mumbler, Who Invented His Own Way Out" from Unholy Fools: Wits, Comics, Disturbers of the Peace (1973) Viking Press
  • Gerald Mast, The Comic Mind: Comedy and the Movies (1973, 2nd ed. 1979) University of Chicago Press
  • Donald W. McCaffrey, "The Latter-Day Falstaff" from The Golden Age of Sound Comedy (1973) A.S. Barnes
  • Nicholas Yanni, W. C. Fields (1974) Pyramid Library
  • Richard J. Anobile (ed.), Godfrey Daniels!: Verbal and Visual Gems from the Short Films of W. C. Fields (1975) Crown
  • Walter Kerr, The Silent Clowns (1975) Alfred A. Knopf, (1990) Da Capo Press
  • Stuart Byron and Elizabeth Weis (eds.), The National Society of Film Critics on Movie Comedy (1977) Grossman/Viking
  • Leonard Maltin, The Great Movie Comedians (1978) Crown
  • Will Fowler, The Second Handshake (1980) Lyle Stuart
  • Louise Brooks, "The Other Face of W. C. Fields" from Lulu in Hollywood (1982) Alfred A. Knopf
  • Ronald J. Fields, W. C. Fields: A Life on Film (1984) St. Martin's Press
  • Wes D. Gehring, W. C. Fields: A Bio-Bibliography (1984) Greenwood Press
  • Gerald Weales, Canned Goods as Caviar: American Film Comedy of the 1930s (1985) University of Chicago Press
  • David T. Rocks, W. C. Fields: An Annotated Guide (1993) McFarland & Co.
  • Wes D. Gehring, Groucho and W. C. Fields: Huckster Comedians (1994) University Press of Mississippi
  • Simon Louvish, It's a Gift (1994) British Film Institute
  • Simon Louvish, Man on the Flying Trapeze: The Life and Times of W. C. Fields (1999) Faber & Faber ISBN 0393041271. (New biography with new research)
  • Ronald J. Fields with Shaun O'L. Higgins, Never Give a Sucker an Even Break: W. C. Fields on Business (2000) Prentice-Hall
  • James Curtis, W. C. Fields: A Biography (2003) Alfred A. Knopf ISBN 0375402179. (The definitive, comprehensive biography, with many "apocryphal" stories from previous bios corrected)
  • Scott MacGillivray and Jan MacGillivray, Gloria Jean: A Little Bit of Heaven (2005) iUniverse ISBN 978-0595674541. (Authorized biography with recollections of Fields at work)
  • Wes D. Gehring, Film Clowns of the Depression (2007) McFarland & Co.
  • Gregory William Mank (et al.), Hollywood's Hellfire Club (2007) Feral House
  • Arthur Frank Wertheim. W. C. Fields from Burlesque and Vaudeville to Broadway: Becoming a Comedian (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014). xxvi, 264 pp.
  • James L. Neibaur, The W. C. Fields Films (2017) McFarland and Co.

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