The Global Financial Centers Index

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GFCI singkatan dari The Global Financial Centers Index adalah sebuah publikasi peringkat yang dibuat oleh City of London Corporation [1] sebuah badan berada dalam struktur kota London bekerja berdasarkan regulasi dan protokor pemerintahan Britani Raya melalui sebuah komite [2] merupakan salah satu instrumen penting yang sering dipakai oleh para pemodal [3]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada bulan Maret 2007, Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) diperkenalkan oleh pemerintah kota London bentukan sebuah komisi guna mempelajari serta membuat daftar peringkat global tingkat pesaing antar kota-2 pusat keuangan di dunia dengan dasar perlakuan beberapa indikasi termasuk survey yang berkelanjutan kepada para pelaku industri keuangan.

Penilaian dilakukan berdasarkan faktor-2 ketersedian tenaga kerja yang terdidik dan trampil di dalam bursa kerja; adanya regulasi mengenai dampak lingkungan hidup; tersambung kdengan pasar keuangan internasional; ketersediannya kumpulan infrastuktur perdagangan yang informatif serta dapat tersambungan langsung oleh para pengguna; ketentuan biaya operasi yang bebas dari batasan korupsi; terbebaskan dari intervensi oleh pemerintah, tingkat kepastian kepemilikan dalam perdagangan; adanya rejim pengaturan perpajakan koporasi dan perorangan; pengaturan keterkaitan yang berimbangan terhadap dampak lingkungan hidup dengan perdagangan; ketersediaannya pelayanan penyaluran tenaga-2 profesional; masalah bahasa dan kebudayaan serta keberpihakan pada peningkatan kualitas tingkat hidup.[4] [5] [6]

Wilayah penilaian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penilaian utama pada pelayanan keuangan seperti perbankan. manajemen aset, asuransi, perlayanan bermutu dan pemerintahan dan regulasinya.[4] perlakuan pembedaan antara pusat lembaga keuangan internasional dengan pusat keuangan global [7]

  • Berikut kutipan penilaian 10 besar :
Centre / pusat Rank / tingkat GFCI Rating* /rating GFCI Overall Assessment / penilaian menyeluruh [1]
London 1 765 Most key success areas are excellent - London is in the top quartile in over 80% of its instrumental factors. Especially strong on people, market access and regulation. The main negative comments concern corporate tax rates, transport infrastructure and operational costs.
New York 2 760 Most areas are very strong - New York is also in the top quartile in over 80% of its instrumental factors. People and market access are particular strengths. Our respondents cited regulation (particularly Sarbanes-Oxley) as the main negative factor.
Hong Kong 3 684 Hong Kong is a thriving regional centre. It performs well in all of the key competitiveness areas, especially in regulation. Headline costs are high but this does not detract from overall competitiveness. Hong Kong is a real contender to become a genuinely global financial centre.
Singapore 4 660 Most areas are very good and banking regulation is often cited as being excellent. It performs well in four of the key competitiveness areas but falls to 9th place on general competitiveness factors alone. Definitely the second Asian centre just behind Hong Kong.
Zurich 5 656 A very strong niche centre. Private banking and asset management provide a focus. Zurich performs well in three of the key competitiveness areas but loses out slightly in people factors and in general competitiveness.
Frankfurt 6 647 Despite a strong banking focus, suffers from inflexible labour laws and skilled staff shortages. Market access, infrastructure and business environment are strong but Frankfurt falls outside the top ten GFCI rankings for people and general competitiveness.
Sydney 7 639 A strong national centre with good regulation, offering a particularly good quality of life. Sydney is strong in four of the key competitiveness areas but falls outside the top ten for people - many financial professionals leave for larger English-speaking centres.
Chicago 8 636 Number two centre in the US. Hampered by the same regulatory regime as New York. It scores highly for people but is let down by its infrastructure and market access rankings. Unlikely to overtake New York, it remains a powerful regional and specialist centre.
Tokyo 9 632 Does not fare well in terms of regulation and business environment, but the size of the Japanese economy means Tokyo has good liquidity. It fares poorly on people but has good infrastructure and market access.
Geneva 10 628 A strong niche centre similar to Zurich. Private banking and asset management continue to thrive. Geneva is strong in business environment and general competitiveness but let down by infrastructure.
  • - Menurut terori rating tertinggi GFCI adalah 1.000


Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ City of London Corporation
  2. ^ Committees of the Court of Aldermen
  3. ^ Businessweek: The World's Top Financial Centers
  4. ^ a b "The global financial index 2" (PDF). City of London. Diakses tanggal 2008-08-24.  Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "www_lond_gfci2" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  5. ^ The global financial index 3
  6. ^ How the GFCI is compiled
  7. ^ The Top 10 Financial Centres Compared

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]