Templat:Convert

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Templat {{convert}} mengubah sebuah nilai pengukuran (angka × satuan) ke dalam pengukuran dengan satuan yang berbeda, dan kemudian menampilkan hasilnya dalam tampilan yang telah diformat. Daftar lengkap simbol-simbol satuan yang dikenali oleh templat dapat dilihat di sini.

Sebagai contoh:

{{convert|2|km|mi}} → 2 kilometer (1,2 mi) (satuan kilometer, dikonversi menjadi mil)
{{convert|7|mi|km}} → 7 mil (11 km) (satuan mil, dikonversi menjadi kilometer)

Angka dapat dibulatkan, dan satuan dapat disingkat menjadi simbol:

{{convert|2|km|mi|2|abbr=on}} → 2 km (1,24 mi)
{{convert|7|mi|km|2|abbr=on}} → 7 mi (11,27 km)

Rentang nilai dapat ditulis dengan menggunakan |to|... atau |-|...:

{{convert|2|to|5|km|mi}} → 2 hingga 5 kilometer (1,2 hingga 3,1 mi)
{{convert|2|-|5|km|mi}} → 2–5 kilometer (1,2–3,1 mi)

Contoh penggunaan beberapa efek:

{{convert|2|-|5|km|mi|2|abbr=on}} → 2–5 km (1,24–3,11 mi)
{{convert|2|and|5|km|mi|sigfig=3|abbr=off}} → 2 dan 5 kilometer (1,24 dan 3,11 mil)

Satuan yang ingin dikonversikan

Tulis satuan asal yang ingin dikonversikan dan satuan hasil konversi:

  • {{convert|1|lb|kg}} → 1 pon (0,45 kg)
Satuan SI umumnya memperbolehkan penggunaan prefiks, seperti "m" untuk mili (10−3), dan "M" untuk mega (106)
Untuk satuan yang menggunakan "per", gunakan "/" (garis miring). Contoh: kg/ha (lihat § satuan dengan 'per': kg/ha dan § Mata uang per satuan: $/km)
Untuk satuan yang menggunakan tiga besaran, dll., lihat Convert-like templates

Nama satuan atau simbolnya: 1 kilogram atau 1 kg?

Secara default, satuan pertama dituliskan dalam nama satuannya, dan satuan kedua (di dalam tanda kurung) dituliskan dalam bentuk simbol satuannya (atau singkatannya):

  • {{convert|1|oz|kg}} → 1 ons (0,028 kg)

Penggunaan |abbr=in akan menampilkan simbol untuk satuan pertama (yang ada di sisi kiri), dan nama untuk satuan kedua:

  • {{convert|1|oz|kg|abbr=in}} → 1 oz (0,028 kilogram)

Untuk menyingkat nama kedua satuan, atau tidak menggunakan singkatan/simbol sama sekali:

  • {{convert|1|oz|kg|abbr=on}} → 1 oz (0,028 kg)
  • {{convert|1|oz|kg|abbr=off}} → 1 ons (0,028 kilogram)

Kenyamanan: templat {{cvt}} menggunakan |abbr=on secara default

Templat {{cvt}} sama saja dengan {{convert}}, kecuali templat itu menggunakan |abbr=on sebagai standar. Opsi-opsi {{convert}} yang lain juga tersedia di {{cvt}}. Contoh penggunaan:

{{cvt|1|oz|kg}} → 1 oz (0,028 kg)

sama saja dengan:

{{convert|1|oz|kg|abbr=on}} → 1 oz (0,028 kg)

Adjektiva: sepanjang 10-mil

Penggunaan |adj=on menghasilkan tanda hubung antara nilai dan nama satuan:

  • Perjalanan sepanjang {{convert|10|mi|km|adj=on}}. → Perjalanan sepanjang 10-mil (16 km).

Hasil standar, sebagai pembanding:

  • {{convert|10|mi|km}} sebelum tujuan. → 10 mil (16 km) sebelum tujuan.

|adj=on Tidak menghasilkan tanda hubung pada simbol/singkatan dari satuan:

  • Paku berukuran {{convert|9|in|cm|adj=on|abbr=on}} nail → Paku berukuran 9 in (23 cm)

Pembulatan: 100 ft itu setara 30 m atau 30.5 m atau 30.48 m?

Berdasarkan definisi, 100 ft setara dengan 30,48 m. Tapi secara praktik, pembulatan lebih umum dijumpai dan digunakan. Ada beberapa cara untuk membulatkan.

Pembulatan standar

Secara standar (default), templat {{Convert}} akan menghasilkan konversi yang akan dibulatkan ke presisi yang sebanding dengan nilai input. Pembulatan ini dihitung dari jumlah digit setelah koma desimal — or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant digits, whichever is more precise. An exception to this is rounding temperatures (see below).

Contoh hasil pembulatan
Input Hasil Catatan
{{convert|123|ft|m|-1}} 123 kaki (40 m)
{{convert|123|ft|m}} 123 kaki (37 m) same output as with 0 (below)
{{convert|123|ft|m|0}} 123 kaki (37 m)
{{convert|123|ft|m|1}} 123 kaki (37,5 m)
{{convert|123|ft|m|2}} 123 kaki (37,49 m) The more-exact value is 37.4904 m or so, which gets converted to 37 m if this parameter is not specified at all.
{{convert|500|ft|m|-1}} 500 kaki (150 m)
{{convert|500|ft|m}} 500 kaki (150 m) same output as with -1 (above), because the conversion factor is between 0.2 and 2 (hence, it should produce same double-zero precision (−2) as in the input value), but the conversion must produce two significant digits at a minimum (hence, a higher single-zero precision (−1) is used)
{{convert|500|ft|m|0}} 500 kaki (152 m)
{{convert|500|ft|m|1}} 500 kaki (152,4 m)
{{convert|500|ft|m|2}} 500 kaki (152,40 m) exact value is 152.4 m
{{convert|500|ft|cm|-3}} 500 kaki (15.000 cm)
{{convert|500|ft|cm}} 500 kaki (15.000 cm) same output as with -3 (above), because the conversion factor is between 20 and 200 (hence, it should decrease input value's double-zero precision (−2) by 2), but the conversion must produce two significant digits at a minimum (hence, a higher triple-zero precision (−3) is used)
{{convert|500|ft|cm|0}} 500 kaki (15.240 cm)
Convert supports four types of rounding:

Round to a given precision: use a precision number

Specify the desired precision with an integer as the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest multiple of ​110 to the power of this integer. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the rounding parameter is "−2", 8600 will be displayed. If the result is "123.456" and the parameter is "0", 123 will be displayed. Essentially a positive or zero rounding parameter specifies the number of decimal places; a negative value specifies the number of trailing zeroes.

Round to a given number of significant figures: |sigfig=

To specify the output number to be with n significant figures use |sigfig=<number>:

  • {{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=4}} → 1.200 kaki (365,8 m)
  • {{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=3}} → 1.200 kaki (366 m)
  • {{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=2}} → 1.200 kaki (370 m)
  • {{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=1}} → 1.200 kaki (400 m)

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|1200|ft|m}} → 1.200 kaki (370 m)

Setting |sigfig= to a value less than 1 is meaningless:

  • {{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=0}} → 1.200 kaki (370 m)* Silang merah

Round to a multiple of 5: 15, 20, 25, ...

Using |round=5 rounds the outcome to a multiple of 5.

  • {{convert|10|m|ft}} → 10 meter (33 ft)
  • {{convert|10|m|ft|round=5}} → 10 meter (35 ft)

Similar: using |round=25 rounds the outcome to a multiple of 25.

  • {{convert|10|m|ft}} → 10 meter (33 ft)
  • {{convert|10|m|ft|round=25}} → 10 meter (25 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|10|m|ft|sigfig=4}} → 10 meter (32,81 ft)

In a range, one can round each value individually to the default. Use |round=each:

  • {{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft}} → 10 x 200 x 3.000 meter (33 ft × 656 ft × 9.843 ft)
  • {{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft|round=each}} → 10 x 200 x 3.000 meter (33 ft × 660 ft × 9.800 ft)

Round to a multiple of a given fraction: 2 316 inch

Specify the desired denominator using |frac=<some positive integer>. (Denominator is the below-the-slash number, for example the 3 in ​13).

  • {{convert|5.56|cm|in|frac=16}}556 sentimeter (218+78 in)
  • {{convert|8|cm|in|frac=4}}8 sentimeter (3+14 in)

The fraction is reduced when possible:

  • {{convert|8|cm|in|frac=100}}8 sentimeter (3+320 in)

Default behavior uses decimal notation:

  • {{convert|5.56|cm|in}} → 556 sentimeter (219 in)

Rounding temperatures: °C, °F and K

In temperatures, the conversion will be rounded either to the precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is more precise.

  1. {{convert|10,000|C|F K}} → 10,000 °C (50,000 °F; 283,150 K)
  2. {{convert|10,000.1|C|F K}} → 10,0001 °C (50,0002 °F; 283,1501 K)
  3. {{convert|-272|C|F K}} → −272 °C (−457,60 °F; 1,15 K)
  4. {{convert|-272|C}} → −272 °C (−457,60 °F)
  5. {{convert|100|C|F K}} → 100 °C (212 °F; 373 K)
  6. {{convert|0|C|F K}} → 0 °C (32 °F; 273 K)

The precision of the input number in example (1) is one digit, but the precision of its Kelvins expression is three, so the precision of the Fahrenheit conversion is made three (made 180...) . (1) and (2) seem to belie the fact that a 01 perubahan derajat Celsius is a 1,8 perubahan derajat Fahrenheit, and make the 32 degrees difference shown in (1) begin to seem off somehow. Result (1) seems off until you set the significant figures yourself with |sigfig=:

{{convert|10000|C|sigfig=5}} → 10.000 °C (18.032 °F)

or you set the precision positionally, relative to the decimal point (zero being at the decimal point):

{{convert|10000|C|0}} → 10.000 °C (18.032 °F)

The precision of the input number in example (2) is six, so the precision of the Fahrenheit output is, whereas before, Kelvins had determined it to be three. Examples (3) and (4) show how this can be hidden and generate questions, but it occurs there because the Kelvins conversion generated two fractional parts. (Before it was the input number that generated the fractional part.) In example (3) the three input digits converted into five significant output digits because of the two digits after the decimal point, generated by the Kelvins conversion. This happened again in (5), but in (6) decimal fractions were neither given as input nor induced by the Kelvins conversion.

Rounding input

There is limited support for rounding the displayed input number. The rounding takes place after conversion, so the output is based on the full-precision input. This is useful when the input is produced by {{#expr:}} or otherwise available to a higher precision than is usefully displayed, and it's desirable to avoid double-rounding.

To round the input to a specified number of digits after the decimal point, use one of the parameters:

  • |adj=ri0
  • |adj=ri1
  • |adj=ri2
  • |adj=ri3

Note that it is not possible to round above the decimal place (|adj=ri-1Silang merah). Neither is there support for significant figures, multiples of 5, or any other output-rounding feature.

The default precision is computed based on the input, so an explicit output precision must usually be supplied:

  • {{convert|4.14159|mi|km|adj=ri0}} → 414.159 mil (666.524 km) Silang merah (precisions are mismatched)
  • {{convert|4.14159|mi|km|0|adj=ri0}} → 414.159 mil (666.524 km) YaY

In this case, if the input were rounded before conversion, a different result would be obtained:

  • {{convert|{{#expr:4.14159 round 0}}|mi|km|0}} → 4 mil (6 km) Silang merah (rounds intermediate calculation, giving a different result)

Into multiple units: 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)

Separate the multiple output units by a space:

  • {{convert|10|C|F K}} → 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)
  • {{convert|5|km|mi nmi}} → 5 kilometer (3,1 mi; 2,7 nmi)

If the output unit names contain spaces, use + as the separator.

See also:

Ranges of values

A range converts two values and separates them by your choice of words and punctuation.

A range: 6 to 17 kg (13 to 37 lb)

Range indicators are entered as the second parameter (between the values). Range separators can be:

Separator Convert Result Notes
- {{convert|3|-|6|ft}} 3–6 kaki (0,91–1,83 m) Input can be hyphen (-) or en dash (–), output uses en dashes
- &ndash;(en dash) {{convert|3|–|6|ft}} 3–6 kaki (0,91–1,83 m)
and {{convert|3|and|6|ft}} 3 dan 6 kaki (0,91 dan 1,83 m)
and&& {{convert|3|&|6|ft}} 3 &[convert: unknown unit] Same as and
and(-) {{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft}} 3 dan 6 kaki (0,91–1,83 m) |abbr=on alters the punctuation
and(-)|abbr=on {{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}} 3 dan 6 ft (0,91–1,83 m)
or {{convert|3|or|6|ft}} 3 atau 6 kaki (0,91 atau 1,83 m)
to {{convert|3|to|6|ft}} 3 hingga 6 kaki (0,91 hingga 1,83 m)
to(-) {{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft}} 3 hingga 6 kaki (0,91–1,83 m) |abbr=on alters the punctuation
to(-)|abbr=on {{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}} 3 hingga 6 ft (0,91–1,83 m)
to about {{convert|3|to about|6|ft}} 3 hingga sekitar 6 kaki (0,91 hingga sekitar 1,83 m)
+/- {{convert|3|+/-|6|ft}} 3 ± 6 kaki (0,91 ± 1,83 m)
+/-± &plusmn; {{convert|3|±|6|ft}} 3 ± 6 kaki (0,91 ± 1,83 m)
+ {{convert|3|+|6|ft}} 3 + 6 kaki (0,91 + 1,83 m)
, {{convert|3|,|6|ft}} 3, 6 kaki (0,91, 1,83 m)
, and {{convert|3|, and|6|ft}} 3, dan 6 kaki (0,91, dan 1,83 m)
, or {{convert|3|, or|6|ft}} 3, atau 6 kaki (0,91, atau 1,83 m)
by {{convert|3|by|6|ft}} 3 x 6 kaki (0,91 x 1,83 m)
x {{convert|3|x|6|ft}} 3 x 6 kaki (0,91 m × 1,83 m) Scientific notation.
|abbr=on alters the punctuation
× &times; {{convert|3|×|6|ft}} 3 x 6 kaki (0,91 m × 1,83 m)
x|abbr=on {{convert|3|x|6|ft|abbr=on}} 3 ft × 6 ft (0,91 m × 1,83 m)
xx |xx| is deprecated. Use |x| instead
* |*| is deprecated. Use |x| instead
to- |to-| is deprecated. Use |to(-)| instead
& |&| is deprecated. Use |and| instead
abbr=mos |abbr=mos is deprecated. Use |x| or |by| instead

Multiple dimensions: 6 m × 12 m (20 ft × 39 ft)

Use by:

  • {{convert|6|by|12|ft|m}} → 6 x 12 kaki (1,8 x 3,7 m)

Use ×, multiplication sign, or x, letter:

  • {{convert|6|x|12|m|ft}} → 6 x 12 meter (20 ft × 39 ft)

In science, the formal way is to set |x| and |abbr=on (keeping dimensions right, like in area = x km2):

  • {{convert|6|x|12|m|ft|abbr=on}} → 6 m × 12 m (20 ft × 39 ft)

Lists of values: 20, 40, or 60 miles

{{convert|20|,|40|, or|60|mi}} → 20, 40, atau 60 mil (32, 64, atau 97 km)

About feet, inch in ranges and multiples

While it is possible to enter feet, inch in a simple conversion, this is not possible for ranges:

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|1|ft|3|in|mm}} → 1 kaki 3 inci (380 mm)

However, converting metric units into feet and inches with |order=flip can produce the desired output:

  • {{convert|380|x|1040|mm|ftin|order=flip}} → 1 kaki 3 inci x 3 kaki 5 inci (380 mm × 1.040 mm)

Words

Spelling of unit name: international metre or US meter?

Default spelling of units is in the en (generic) locale. To show en-US spelling, use |sp=us:

{{convert|1|m|ft}} → 1 meter (3,3 ft)—default
{{convert|1|m|ft|sp=us}} → 1 meter (3,3 ft)

Spell out numbers: ten miles

To write a number in words, use |spell=in:

  • {{convert|10|mi|m|spell=in}} → sepuluh mil (16.000 m)

To spell out both in and out values, use |spell=on:

  • {{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on}} → sepuluh mil (enam belas ribu meter)

To make first letter a capital, use |spell=In, |spell=On

  • {{convert|10|mi|m|spell=In}} → Sepuluh mil (16.000 m)
  • {{convert|10|mi|m|spell=On}} → Sepuluh mil (enam belas ribu meter)

Remember that the spelling of the units (ft, m) is independently set by |abbr=. To the extreme:

  • {{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on|abbr=off|sp=us}} → sepuluh mil (enam belas ribu meter)

Inserted before units: 4 planted acres

  • {{convert|4|acre||adj=pre|planted}} → 4 planted ekar (1,6 ha)

disp=preunit is similar, but has no separator after the specified text, and can have different text for the output value:

  • {{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted }} → 4 planted ekar (1,6 planted ha)
  • {{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted |reforested-}} → 4 planted ekar (1,6 reforested-ha)

After adjective unit: A 10-kaki-long corridor

Note that two units (in this case, ft and m) are required. Use with just one unit will generate an error message.

{{convert|10|ft|m|adj=mid|-long}} → 10-kaki-long (3,0 m)

Plurals: 1 inch, 2 inches

The unit symbol is singular always. Depending on the preceding number only, a unit name can be shown plural.

Exception

Entering the unit "foot" instead of "ft" forces singular output "foot", whatever the number is.

Fractions: one-eighth of an imperial pint

The convert template also supports spelling out fractions.

  • {{convert|3+1/2|oz|g|spell=in}} → tiga and a perdua ons (99 g)

Any additional words needed for the fraction can also be added at the end of the template.

  • {{convert|1/8|imppt|ml|spell=in|adj=pre|of an}} → one-pertujuh of an imperial pint (71 ml)

Wrapping and line breaking

See Help:Convert § Wrapping and line breaking

Spelling out "thousands", "millions", etc.

Most unit codes accept a prefix of e3 (thousand) or e6 (million) or e9 (billion).

  • {{convert|100|e6mi|e6km}} → 100 juta mil (160×10^6 km)
  • {{convert|120|e6acre}} → 120 juta ekar (49.000.000 ha)
  • {{convert|120|e6acre|e3km2}} → 120 juta ekar (490×10^3 km2)

To display both input and output in scientific notation, use |abbr=on

  • {{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=on}} → 100×10^6 mi (160×10^6 km)

To spell out "thousands", "millions", etc., |abbr=unit abbreviates the unit; |abbr=off displays both full unit names.

  • {{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=unit}} → 100 juta mi (160 juta km)
  • {{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=off}} → 100 juta mil (160 juta kilometer)

Numbers

Using an SI prefix: gigametre (Gm), or micrometre (μm)

Templat:Sidebar metric prefixes (small) Units can have an SI prefix like G before the unit: Gm, and giga before the name: gigametre. These are plain multiplication factors.

To illustrate, these are trivial calculations (from metre to metre), showing the multiplication factor:

  • 12 Gm (1,2×1010 m)
  • 12 μm (1,2×10−5 m)

The prefix can be added before the SI unit (here: unit m for metre):

  • {{convert|12|Gm|mi|abbr=on}} → 12 Gm (7.500.000 mi)
  • Mm: 12 Mm (7.500 mi)
  • km: 12 km (39.000 ft)
  • mm: 12 mm (0,47 in)
  • μm: 12 μm (0,012 mm)
  • um: 12 μm (0,012 mm) (letter "u" can be used for "μ" here)

The prefix can be used in the output unit:

  • {{convert|12000|mi|Mm|abbr=on}} → 12.000 mi (19 Mm)
  • {{convert|12|in|μm|abbr=on}} → 12 in (300.000 μm)

As an exception, the non-SI unit "inch" can have the "μ" prefix too:

  • {{convert|12|μm|μin|abbr=on}} → 12 μm (470 μin)

Engineering notation: 7 × 106 m

In the unit: e6m

Engineering notation can be entered as a "prefix" to the unit:

  • {{convert|70|e6m}} → 70×10^6 m (230.000.000 ft)

The same is possible for the output unit:

Any standard unit (not a combination, multiple, or built-in unit) can have such a prefix:

  • e3 (thousand),
  • e6 (million),
  • e9 (billion),
  • e12 (trillion),
  • e15 (quadrillion).

Scientific notation: 1.23 × 10−14

In scientific notation, a number is written like 1,23×10−14. The plain number has exactly one digit before the decimal point.

With {{convert}}, the input can be in e-notation such as 12.3e4. This value is displayed as a power of ten, and the output is displayed in scientific notation, except that an output value satisfying 0.01 <= v < 1000 is shown as a normal number. In addition, if the output value is 1000 and sigfig=4 is used, the value is displayed as a normal number.

  • {{convert|12.3e-15|atm|atm|abbr=on}} → 123×10−15 atm (1,23×10−13 atm)
  • {{convert|0.00000005|atm|atm|abbr=on}} → 000.000.005 atm (5,0 atm)

Input with fractions: 1+12 inci (38,1 mm)

The number to convert can be written in fractions. Both / (keyboard slash) and (fraction slash) are accepted:

  • {{convert|1/2|in|mm|1}}12 inci (12,7 mm)
  • {{convert|1⁄2|in|mm|1}}12 inci (12,7 mm)

With positive mixed numbers (a positive integer and a fraction), use a + sign

  • {{convert|2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}}2+12 inci (63,5 mm)

With negative mixed numbers, use a hyphen - and repeat it:

  • {{convert|-2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}}−2+12 inci (−63,5 mm)

Note that the following cases are not interpreted as mixed numbers:

  • {{convert|2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}}2–12 inci (50,8–12,7 mm). This is interpreted as a range from 2 inches to 1⁄2 inch.
  • {{convert|-2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}}[convert: invalid number] Silang merah This is neither a mixed number nor a range, and mathematical expressions requiring calculations are not allowed here.
  • {{convert|2+½|in|mm|1}}[convert: invalid number] Silang merah Fractions consisting of a single Unicode character are not allowed either.

Horizontal fraction bar: 12 inch

Using a double slash (//) provides a horizontal fraction bar for the original (input) unit:

  • {{convert|1//2|in|mm|1}}1/2 inci (12,7 mm)
  • {{convert|6+3//8|in|mm|1}}6+3/8 inci (161,9 mm)

Using a negative value for |frac= provides a horizontal fraction bar for the converted (output) unit:

  • {{convert|12.7|mm|frac=-2}} → 127 milimeter (5 in)
  • {{convert|161.9|mm|frac=-8}}1.619 milimeter (63+3/4 in)

Thousands separator: 1,000 mi or 1000 mi

In input, a comma for thousands separator is accepted but not required; a gap (space) is not accepted. In output, by default, the thousand separator is the comma:

  • {{convert|1234567|m|ft}} → 1.234.567 meter (4.050.417 ft)
  • {{convert|1,234,567|m|ft}}[convert: invalid number]

Set |comma=off to remove the separator from the output:

  • {{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=off}} → 1234567 meter (4050417 ft)

Use |comma=gaps to use digit grouping by gap (thin space) as a thousands separator:

  • {{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=gaps}}1234567 meter (4050417 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|1234567|m|ft}} → 1.234.567 meter (4.050.417 ft)

Setting |comma=5 will only add the separator when the number of digits is 5 or more:

  • {{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=5}} → 1234 meter (4049 ft)
  • {{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=5}} → 1.234.567 meter (4.050.417 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|1234|m|ft}} → 1.234 meter (4.049 ft)

Output manipulation

Brackets and separators: 10 m [33 ft]

Punctuation that distinguishes the two measurements is set by |disp=.
Options are: b (the default), sqbr, comma, or, br, br(), x|…:

  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=sqbr}} → 10 meter [33 ft]
  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=comma}} → 10 meter, 33 ft
  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=or}} → 10 meter or 33 kaki

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|10|m|ft}} → 10 meter (33 ft)

Setting |disp=br will force a new line (<br/>)

  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br}} → 10 meter
    33 kaki

Also |disp=br() will force a new line, and keep the brackets (useful in tables):

  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br()}} → 10 meter
    (33 kaki)

Setting |disp=x|… allows any text as separator:

  • {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=x|_MyText_}} → 10 meter_MyText_33 ft (To display spaces, use &nbsp;)

Flipping (reordering) the two measurements: 1.609,3 meter (1 mil)

Setting |order=flip will flip (swap) the two measurements:

  • {{convert|1|mi|m|order=flip}} → 1.609,3 meter (1 mil)

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|1|mi|m}} → 1 mil (1.609,3 meter)

When converting to multiple units, the effect is:

  • {{convert|10|km|mi nmi|order=flip}} → 6,2137 mil; 5,3996 mil laut (10 kilometer)
  • {{convert|10|km|nmi mi|order=flip}} → 5,3996 mil laut; 6,2137 mil (10 kilometer)

Fixed ordering of output units: 212 °F (100 °C; 373 K)

Setting |order=out shows the output-units as ordered; the input unit is skipped:

  • {{convert|100|C|F C K|abbr=on|order=out}} → 212 °F (100 °C; 373 K)
  • {{convert|200|PS|kW hp|0|abbr=on|order=out}} → 147 kW (197 hp)

See also: § Displaying parts of the output.

Displaying parts of the result: 2 (1,5)

It is possible to display only parts of the conversion result: The following examples show how to display only a part of the result.

Note: in Convert, abbr is synonym for unit symbol
Convert Returns Components
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3}} 2 yard kubik (1,5 m3) all (default conversion)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=on}} 2 cu yd (1,5 m3) all (default conversion, abbr)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=values}} 2 (1,5) numbers only
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit}} yard kubik input unit
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit|adj=on}} yard-kubik input unit, adjectival (hyphenated)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit|adj=on|abbr=on}} cu yd input unit, adjectival (abbr so not hyphenated)
{{convert|2|cuyd|cuyd|disp=unit}} 2,0 cu yd input unit abbr (unit repeated, workaround)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out}} 1,5 m3 output value, symbols
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out|abbr=off}} 1,5 meter kubik output value, names
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out|adj=on}} 1,5-meter-kubik output, adjective
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=number}} 1,5 output number
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2}} m3 output unit (abbr by default)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2|abbr=off}} meter kubik output unit (name)
{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2|abbr=on}} m3 output unit (abbr)

Display both input name and symbol: 2 kilopascals [kPa]

Setting |abbr=~ returns both name and symbol of the first (input) unit:

  • {{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~}} → 2 kilopascal [kPa] (0,29 psi)
  • A {{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~|adj=on}} pressureA 2-kilopascal [kPa] (0,29 psi) pressure

Table options

For the wikitable structure, there are three options: add a line-break, split the result over columns and make the table sortable.

Enforced line break

|disp=br adds a line-break and omits brackets.

|disp=br() adds a line-break and does add brackets to the converted value. This may be useful in tables:

|disp=br |disp=br()
100 kilometer
62 mil
100 kilometer
(62 mil)

Table columns

Using {convert} in a table cell, with |disp=table splits the result over two (or more) columns. By default units are not included in the table, however, they can be added using the |abbr= parameter. Multiple-unit outputs, like ftin, always output their units to the table.

{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=table}}

style="text-align:right;"|10 |style="text-align:right;"|33

|disp=tablecen does the same, and also centers the text:

{{convert|20|m|ft|disp=tablecen}}

style="text-align:center;"|20 |style="text-align:center;"|66

The units are added as a column header:

  kilograms pounds stone and pounds
|disp=table 10 22 1 st 8 pon
|disp=table and |abbr=on 20 kg 44 pon 3 st 2 pon
|disp=table and |abbr=off 30 kilogram 66 pon 4 stone 10 pon
|disp=tablecen 40 88 6 st 4 pon
|disp=<other> (default) 50 kilogram (110 pon; 7 st 12 pon)

Sorting

Use |sortable=on to include a hidden numerical sortkey in the output, suitable for use in a table with sortable columns. Technically, this places a hidden string before the actual displayed values:

{{convert|10|m|ft|sortable=on}} <span data-sort-value="7001100000000000000♠"></span>10 metres (33 ft)
showing: 10 meter (33 ft).

Use both |disp=table and |sortable=on together to produce table columns (pipe symbols) for each value in sortable columns:

m m ft
A 15,75 m 15+34 52
B 15,5 m 155 509
C 16 m 160 520
D 16 m 16 52

The generated sortkey is calculated in a consistent way based on both the value and its unit as passed to the convert template. In most cases convert uses the passed value converted to SI base units. It is therefore not necessarily the displayed value or other alternate units and is calculated regardless of output format options. Using different units or different order of units in individual rows should therefore not lead to incorrect sorting, although variations in rounding can give surprising results, since an unrounded number is used for the sortkey.

Units

The conversion factors and physical constants are sourced here.

All units

Templat:Convert/list of units

Satuan dengan 'per': kg/ha, mil per galon

When using a slash (/), a unit like kg/ha is recognized as kilograms per hectare and will be converted in to other mass/area units. A unit in the numerator is not required.

  • {{convert|1000|kg/ha}} → 1.000 kilogram per hektare (890 pon/ekar)
  • {{convert|350|/in2}} → 350 per inci persegi (54/cm2)

Population density (inhabitants per square mile) can be converted using

  • {{convert|10|PD/sqmi|PD/km2}} → 10 jiwa per mil persegi (3,9/km2)

Vehicular fuel efficiency, commonly expressed in miles per gallon or litres per 100 km can also be converted

  • {{convert|26|mpgUS|l/100km mpgimp}} → 26 mil per galon AS (9,0 l/100 km; 31 mpg‑imp)

Units of difference: Expressing a change or difference in temperature

We have already discussed standard temperature conversions (°C, °F, K), as shown in these two examples:

  • {{convert|10|C}} → 10 °C (50 °F) (standard temperature conversion)
  • {{convert|10|-|15|C}} → 10–15 °C (50–59 °F) (standard temperature range conversion)

When expressing a temperature change (e.g., "The temperature increased by 10 °C"), or when comparing temperatures (e.g., "10 to 15 °C warmer"), we cannot use the standard temperature units (|C, |F and |K), which refer to points on the respective scale. Instead, we must use one of the following "units of difference": |C-change, |F-change and |K-change.

Compare the following two examples with the two above:

  • {{convert|10|C-change}} → 10 °C (18 °F) increase in temperature
  • {{convert|10|-|15|C-change}} → 10–15 °C (18–27 °F) warmer than normal

To produce multiple units in the output:

  • {{convert|10|C-change|F-change K-change}} → 10 °C (18 °F; 10 K) difference

Multiple units: 1 ft 5 in

In input

Base document § Input multiples lists options for multiple unit input (like ft,in). It can catch predefined sets only (units that can be subdivided; e.g., yd into ft):

  • {{convert|1|yd|2|ft|3|in}} → 1 yard 2 kaki 3 inci (1,60 m)
  • {{convert|2|ft|3|in|cm}} → 2 kaki 3 inci (69 cm)
  • {{convert|1|lb|5|oz|g}} → 1 pon 5 ons (600 g)

In output

Available multiple-unit output options predefined, like ftin and ydftin. The full list is at § Output multiples.

  • {{convert|2|m|ftin}} → 2 meter (6 ft 7 in)
  • {{convert|2|m|ft in}} → 2 meter (6,6 ft; 79 in), using a space, returns the decimal point

Default behavior, for comparison:

  • {{convert|2|m}} → 2 meter (6 ft 7 in)

See also:

  • {{hands}} a length used to measure horses
  • {{Long ton}} a weight in ton, cwt, qr and lb

Mata uang per satuan: $/mi → $/km

Using currency symbols in a $ per unit value, you can convert the per-unit:

  • {{convert|10|$/mi|$/km}} → $10 per mil ($6,2/km)
  • {{convert|1500|$/ozt|$/g}} → $1.500 per troy ons ($48/g)

You can set the currency in both values using |$=€:

  • {{convert|10|$/mi|$/km|$=€}} → €10 per mil (€6,2/km)

It is not possible to convert the currency. So, this result (mixed currencies) is not possible: $15 per mile (€8.6/km) Silang merah

Using convert inside templates

For usage in template code, like infoboxes, {{Convert}} has these options:

Pre-formatting fraction input
Your template can accept |input=16 7/8 and use {{#invoke:Convert/helper|number|16 7/8}} → Galat skrip: tidak ada modul tersebut "Convert/helper".
Using a Wikidata property
  • Adding the Wikidata property code, like code |input=P2073, to your template code automatically returns the Wikidata property for that article, and convert it. Both number and unit are read.

Note: to return that property value for an other article, use |qid=.

Example for vehicle range (P2073) of [(QTemplat:Get QID)]:

  • {{convert|input=P2073|qid={{get QID|Cessna 208 Caravan}}|ftin|abbr=on}}ID "Templat:Get QID" tidak dikenal sistem. Gunakan entitas ID yang valid.
  • {{convert|input=P2073|qid=Q1056131|km|abbr=on}} → 1.500 mi (2.400 km)
  • {{convert|input=P2073|qid=Q1056131|km|abbr=on|disp=out}} → 2.400 km
For example see template:Infobox Telescope.

Sometimes a property may have more than one value against it in Wikidata. You can use the |qual= parameter to specify which of the values you want to use.

Example for diameter (P2386): Note: this example uses |qid=Q1513315 (testing for Teleskop South Pole (Q1513315))

Parameter list

Templat:Convert/doc/parameter list

Deprecated options

Templat:Convert/doc/deprecations list

TemplateData

Ini dokumennya TemplateData untuk template ini digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alat lainnya; lihat laporan penggunaan parameter bulanan untuk templat ini.

TemplateData untuk Convert

Converts measurements to other units.

[Kelola DataTemplat]

Parameter templat

Templat ini lebih menyukai format parameter dalam satu baris.

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
Value1

The value to convert.

Angkawajib diisi
From unit2

The unit for the provided value.

Nilai yang disarankan
km2 m2 cm2 mm2 ha sqmi acre sqyd sqft sqin km m cm mm mi yd ft in kg g mg lb oz m/s km/h mph K C F m3 cm3 mm3 L mL cuft cuin U.S.gal U.S.oz psi mpgU.S. $/lb $/kg
Contoh
km
Katawajib diisi
To units3

The units to convert into. Separate units by a space for multiple outputs. In an output unit, use + for a multiplication space.

Nilai yang disarankan
km2 m2 cm2 mm2 ha sqmi acre sqyd sqft sqin km m cm mm mi yd ft in kg g mg lb oz m/s km/h mph K C F m3 cm3 mm3 L mL cuft cuin U.S.gal U.S.oz psi mpgU.S. $/lb $/kg
Contoh
mi nmi
Katadisarankan
Precision or suffix4

Significant digits after decimal dot or, if negative, exponent of ten.

Angkaopsional
Link unitslk

Indication of what units to apply wikilinks to. Use “on” for all, “in” for the input unit, “out” for the output units, or “off” for none of the units. For more fine-grained control over which units to link, use the template multiple times.

Nilai yang disarankan
in out on off
Baku
off
Contoh
on
Kataopsional
Abbreviationabbr

Display for the units: “on” to display all units using their unit symbols, “off” to display all units in full words, “in” to display the unit symbol for the input unit, “out” to display the unit symbols for the output units, “unit” to display unit symbols for both input and output units when using scientific notation, “values” for no units at all (neither unit symbols nor full words of units).

Nilai yang disarankan
in off none on out unit values ~
Baku
out
Contoh
on, unit, in, out, off
Katadisarankan
Spellingsp

Spelling of units. Use “us” to display unit names using U.S. spelling.

Contoh
us
Kataopsional
Adjectiveadj

Whether to use adjectival form. Use “on” for singular unit name appended by a hyphen, “mid” to put conversion at end, or “off” (default) for no adjectival form.

Nilai yang disarankan
mid on pre ri0 ri1 ri2 ri3 off
Baku
off
Contoh
on
Teks wiki tak seimbangopsional
Conversiondisp

Display conversion result: “or”: after ‘or’, “x”: with custom prefix and suffix, “b”: in parentheses, “table”/“tablecen”, “output only”: alone, “output number only”: alone and without unit, “unit”: not at all but input unit; if the value is a number it is used as precision.

Nilai yang disarankan
b sqbr br comma or number output number only out output only preunit table tablecen unit unit2 x
Contoh
b
Kataopsional
Orderingorder

“flip” returns converted value first, input value second.

Nilai yang disarankan
flip out
Contoh
flip
Kataopsional
Significant figuressigfig

Indicates the number of significant figures to be used in rounding.

Angkaopsional
Rounding outputround

The type of rounding. “5” rounds the output number to nearest multiple of 5, “25” to nearest multiple of 25, “each” rounds each number in a range.

Angkaopsional
Thousands separatorcomma

Sets or suppresses the use of thousands separators in the numbers. “off”: no separator; “gaps”: use space instead of comma as thousands separator; “5”: only add thousands separator when the integral part of the number uses 5 positions or more (10,000 or more; if using comma as thousands separator, 1234 would produce '1234', 12345 would produce '12,345').

Baku
on
Contoh
off
Booleanopsional
Sort keysortable

“on” generates a hidden sort key

Contoh
on
Booleanopsional
Spell numbers?spell

If used, spells input or input and output numbers in words, optionally capitalizing the first

Nilai yang disarankan
in In on On
Contoh
'in', 'In', 'on', or 'On'
Kataopsional
Singular?sing

If 'yes', uses singular form of units (deprecated)

Contoh
yes
Booleanusang
Fraction?frac

fraction as rounding unit

Angkaopsional
Currency symbol$

sets currency symbol in both units

Contoh
$=€ will show " €10 per mile (€6.2/km)"
Kataopsional
Mach altitude (ft)altitude_ft

Mach (speed) depends on altitide

Nilai yang disarankan
10000
Angkaopsional
Mach altitude (m)altitude_m

Mach (speed) depends on altitude

Angkaopsional
WD propertyinput

Reads the property value of the item (article), then converts it

Contoh
{{convert|input=P2046}} (P2046=area)
Kataopsional

See also

  • {{Cvt}}
  • {{SI units}}
  • {{Inflation}}, for converting historical prices to their current equivalent
  • {{To USD}}, for currency conversions

Templat:Convert/documentation navbox