Tapestri Bayeux

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Sebuah segment dari Tapestri Bayeux yang menggambarkan Odo, Uskup Bayeux, sedang berpawai dengan pasukan Adipati William saat Pertempuran Hastings pada 1066

Tapestri Bayeux atau Bordiran Bayeux[1][2][3] (English /bˈjɜːr/ atau US /bɑːˈj/, /bˈj/; bahasa Perancis: Tapisserie de Bayeux, IPA: [tapisʁi də bajø], atau La telle du conquest; bahasa Latin: Tapete Baiocense) adalah sebuah kain bordiran dengan panjang sekitar 70 meter (230 ft) dan lebar 50 sentimeter (20 in), yang menggambarkan peristiwa-peristiwa yang berujung pada Penaklukan Inggris oleh Norman yang menyoroti William, Adipati Normandy, dan Harold, Earl of Wessex, kemudian Raja Inggris, dan memuncak dalam Pertempuran Hastings.

Tapestri tersebut terdiri dari sekitar lima puluh adegan dengan tituli Latin, yang dibordir pada linen dengan kain wol berwarna. Diyakini, karya tersebut dibuat oleh Uskup Odo, saudara seayah William, dan dibuat di Inggris—bukan Bayeux—pada 1070an. Pada 1729, gantungan tersebut ditemukan lagi oleh para sarjana pada saat penyimpanan tahunan di Katedral Bayeux. Tapestri tersebut sekarang dipamerkan di Musée de la Tapisserie de Bayeux, Bayeux, Normandy, Perancis (49°16′28″LU 0°42′01″BB / 49,2744°LU 0,7003°BB / 49.2744; -0.7003).

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Caviness, Madeline H. (2001). Reframing Medieval Art: Difference, Margins, Boundaries. Medford, MA: Tufts University – via http://dca.lib.tufts.edu/caviness/. Yet in modern times, this piece of eleventh-century women's work has been wrongly called a "tapestry," a term that is readily associated with the large male-dominated workshops of northern Europe in the late middle ages that produced images woven into the fabric. The correct term "Bayeux Embroidery" evokes the manual work of women, probably the very reason that previous attempts to call this famous work a Broderie have not prevailed. 
  2. ^ Koslin, Desirée (1990). "Turning Time in the Bayeux Embroidery". Textile & Text 13: 28–9. 
  3. ^ Bertrand, Simone (1966). La tapisserie de Bayeux. La Pierre-qui-Vire: Zodiaque. p. 23. et combien pauvre alors ce nom de broderie nous apparaît-il! 
  • "Dodwell (1982)": Dodwell, C. R., Anglo-Saxon Art, A New Perspective, 1982, Manchester UP, ISBN 0-7190-0926-X
  • "Golden Age": Backhouse, Janet, Turner, D.H., and Webster, Leslie, eds.; The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art, 966–1066, 1984, British Museum Publications Ltd, ISBN 0-7141-0532-5
  • Henderson, George. Early Medieval, 1972, rev. 1977, Penguin.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bernstein, David J. "The Mystery of Bayeux Tapestry" Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986. ISBN 0-297-78928-7
  • Bloch, Howard. A Needle in the Right Hand of God: The Norman Conquest of 1066 and the Making and Meaning of the Bayeux Tapestry. Random House, 2006. ISBN 978-1-4000-6549-3
  • Bridgeford, Andrew. 1066 : the hidden history in the Bayeux Tapestry Walker & Company, 2005. ISBN 978-0-8027-7742-3
  • Brown, Shirley Ann (1988). The Bayeux Tapestry: History and Bibliography. Woodbridge: Boydell. ISBN 978-0-85115-509-8. 
  • Burt, Richard, "Loose Threads: Weaving Around Women in the Bayeux Tapestry and Cinema", in Medieval Film, ed. Anke Bernau and Bettina Bildhauer (Manchester: Manchester UP, 2007).
  • Campbell, M. W. "Aelfgyva : The Mysterious Lady of the Bayeux Tapestry" Annales de Normandie, V. 34, n. 2, pp. 127–145. (http://www.persee.fr/doc/annor_0003-4134_1984_num_34_2_5553)
  • Foys, Martin K. Bayeux Tapestry Digital Edition. Individual licence ed; CD-ROM, 2003. On-line version, 2013: http://www.sd-editions.com/bayeux/index.html
  • Foys, Martin K., Overbey, Karen Eileen Overbey and Terkla, Dan (eds.) The Bayeux Tapestry: New Interpretations, Boydell and Brewer, 2009, ISBN (paperback): 978-1783271245.
  • Hicks, Carola (2006). The Bayeux Tapestry: The Life Story of a Masterpiece. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 978-0-7011-7463-7. 
  • Jones, Chas. "The Yorkshire Preface to the Bayeux Tapestry" The Events of September 1066 – Depicted In a Community Tapestry, Writers Print Shop, first edition (2 October 2005). ISBN 978-1-904623-37-3
  • Pastan, Elizabeth Carson, and Stephen White, with Kate Gilbert. The Bayeux Tapestry and its Contexts: A Reassessment. Boydell Press, 2014, ISBN 978-1-84383-941-5.
  • Rud, Mogens, "The Bayeux Tapestry and the Battle of Hastings 1066", Christian Eilers Publishers, Copenhagen 1992; contains full colour photographs and explanatory text
  • Werckmeister, Otto Karl. "The Political Ideology of the Bayeux Tapestry." Studi Medievali, 3rd Series 17, no. 2 (1976): 535–595.
  • Wilson, David McKenzie (ed.). The Bayeux Tapestry: the Complete Tapestry in Color, Rev. ed. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2004. ISBN 978-0-500-25122-5. ISBN 0-394-54793-4 (1985 ed.). LC NK3049.
  • Wissolik, Richard David. "Duke William's Messengers: An Insoluble, Reverse-Order Scene of the Bayeux Tapestry." Medium Ævum. L (1982), 102–107.
  • Wissolik, Richard David. "The Monk Eadmer as Historian of the Norman Succession: Korner and Freeman Examined." American Benedictine Review. (March 1979), 32-42.
  • Wissolik, Richard David. "The Saxon Statement: Code in the Bayeux Tapestry." Annuale Mediævale. 19 (September 1979), 69–97.
  • Wissolik, Richard David. The Bayeux Tapestry. A Critical Annotated Bibliography with Cross References and Summary Outlines of Scholarship, 1729–1988. Greensburg: Eadmer Press, 1989.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]