Sijilmasa

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Sijilmasa (juga Sijilmassa, Sidjilmasa, Sidjilmassa dan Sigilmassa) adalah sebuah kota perdagangan abad pertengahan Maroko dan pintu masuk pelabuhan di sudut utara Gurun Sahara di Maroko. Kota ini dibelah oleh sungai Ziz sepanjang lima mil dan oasis Tafilalt dekat kota Rissani.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Boone, James L.; Myers, J. Emlen; Redman, Charles L. (1990), "Archeological and Historical Approaches to Complex Societies - The Islamic States of Medieval Morocco", American Anthropologist 92 (3): 630–646, doi:10.1525/aa.1990.92.3.02a00050 .
  • Gibb, H.A.R.; Beckingham, C.F. trans. and eds. (1994), The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325–1354 (Volume 4), London: Hakluyt Society, ISBN 978-0-904180-37-4 . This volume was translated by Beckingham after Gibb's death in 1971.
  • Hirschberg, H.Z. (1974), A History of the Jews in North Africa, New York: Brill Academic .
  • Ibn Khaldun (1958), al-Muqaddimah, Franz Rosenthal, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press .
  • Levtzion, Nehemia (1968), "Ibn-Hawqal, the cheque, and Awdaghost", Journal of African History 9 (2): 223–233, JSTOR 179561, doi:10.1017/S0021853700008847 .
  • Levtzion, Nehemia (1973), Ancient Ghana and Mali, London: Methuen, ISBN 0-8419-0431-6 .
  • Levtzion, Nehemia (1994), Islam in West Africa: Politics and Society to 1800, Grand Rapids, MI: Variorum, ISBN 0-86078-444-4 .
  • Levtzion, Nehemia; Hopkins, John F.P., ed. (2000), Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West Africa, New York, NY: Marcus Weiner Press, ISBN 1-55876-241-8 . First published in 1981.
  • Lightfoot, Dale R.; Miller, James A. (1996), "Sijilmassa: The rise and fall of a walled oasis in medieval Morocco" (PDF), Annals of the Association of American Geographers 86: 78–101, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1996.tb01746.x .

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]