Sibyl

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Sibyl karya Francesco Ubertini, c. 1525

Sibyl adalah wanita yang bangsa Yunani kuno percayai sebagai orakel. Menurut legenda,[1] sibyl-sibyl awal dinabikan di tempat-tempat suci. Nubuat-nubuat mereka dipengaruhi oleh inspirasi ilahi dari seorang dewa; berawal di Delphi dan Pessinos, dewa-dewa tersebut adalah dewa khthonik. Pada Abad Kuno AKhir, berbagai penulis berupaya untuk membuktikan keberadaan sibyl di Yunani, Italia, Syam, dan Asia Kecil.

Kata sibyl (/ˈsɪbəl/ atau /ˈsɪbɪl/) datang — melalui kata bahasa Prancis Lama sibile dan kata bahasa Latin sibylla — dari kata bahasa Yunani kuno σίβυλλα (sibulla, plural σίβυλλαι sibullai).[2]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Burkert 1985 p 117
  2. ^ "Sibyl". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beyer, Jürgen, 'Sibyllen', "Enzyklopädie des Märchens. Handwörterbuch zur historischen und vergleichenden Erzählforschung", vol. 12 (Berlin & New York, Walter de Gruyter 2007), coll. 625-30
  • Bouché-Leclercq, Auguste, Histoire de la divination dans l'Antiquité, I-IV volumes, Paris, 1879-1882.
  • Broad, William J., The Oracle: the Lost Secrets and Hidden Message of Ancient Delphi (Penguin Press, 2006).
  • Burkert, Walter, Greek Religion (Harvard University Press, 1985) esp. pp 116–18.
  • Delcourt, M. L'oracle de Delphes, 1955.
  • Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911.
  • Fox, Robin Lane, Alexander the Great 1973. Chapter 14 gives the best modern account of Alexander's visit to the oasis at Siwah, with some background material on the Greek conception of Sibyls.
  • Goodrich, Norma Lorre, Priestesses, 1990.
  • Hale, John R. and others (2003). Questioning the Delphic Oracle. Retrieved Jan. 7, 2005.
  • Hindrew, Vivian, The Sibyls: The First Prophetess of Mami (Wata) MWHS, 2007)
  • Jeanmaire, H. La Sibylle et la retour de l'âge d'or, 1939.
  • Lanciani, Rofolfo, Pagan and Christian Rome, 1896, ch. 1 on-line
  • Lactantius, Divine Institutions Book I, ch. vi (e-text, in English)
  • Maass, E., De Sibyllarum Indicibus, Berlin, 1879.
  • Parke, Herbert William, History of the Delphic Oracle, 1939.
  • Parke, Herbert William, Sibyls and Sibylline Prophecy, 1988.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece, ed. and translated by Sir James Frazer, 1913 edition. Cf. v.5
  • Peck, Harry Thurston, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquity, 1898. [1]
  • Pitt-Kethley, Fiona, Journeys to the Underworld, 1988
  • Potter, David Stone, [2], Prophecy and history in the crisis of the Roman Empire: a historical commentary on the Thirteenth Sibylline Oracle, 1990. Cf. Chapter 3. review of book
  • Potter, David Stone, Prophets and Emperors. Human and Divine Authority from Augustus to Theodosius, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994. review of book
  • Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870, article on Sibylla, [3]
  • West, Martin Litchfield, The Orphic Poems, Oxford, 1983.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sibyl klasik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Musik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sibyl yang di-Kristen-kan pada Abad Pertengahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pencitraan sibyl modern[sunting | sunting sumber]