Sejarah Yahudi di Perancis

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Yahudi Perancis - יהדות צרפת - Juifs français
Total populasi
Populasi Yahudi murni:
480,000 - 550,000[1][2][3][4][5]
Populasi Yahudi secara garis besar (termasuk kerabat non-Yahudi dari Yahudi):
600,000[6][7]
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
Paris
Marseille
Lyon
Strasbourg
Toulouse
Bahasa

Bahasa Yahudi tradisional
Ibrani, Yiddish, Ladino dan rumpun bahasa Yahudi lainnya (kebanyakan terancam dan beberapa sekarang punah)

Bahasa liturgi
Ibrani dan Aram
Bahasa sehari-hari
Perancis, Ibrani, Yudeo-Arab, Yiddish, Rusia
Agama
Yudaisme
Kelompok etnis terkait
Yahudi Sefardim, Yahudi Mizrahi, Yahudi Ashkenazi, divisi etnis Yahudi lainnya

Sejarah Yahudi di Perancis berkaitan dengan Yahudi dan komunitasnya di Perancis. Terdapat keberadaan Yahudi di Perancis sejak setidaknya awal Abad Pertengahan. Perancis adalah pusat pembelajaran Yahudi pada Abad Pertengahan, namun penindasan meningkat sepanjang Abad Pertengahan, termasuk berbagai pengusiran dan pemulangan. Pada Revolusi Perancis akhir abad ke-18, Perancis menjadi negara pertama di Eropa yang memberikan emansipasi Yahudi. Antisemitisme telah ditekan disamping kestarana hukum, seperti yang terekspresi dalam urusan Dreyfus pada akhir abad ke-19.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Jewish Population of the World". Jewish Virtual Library. 2012. Diakses tanggal 29 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Serge Attal (January 14, 2013). "French Jews fear anti-Semitism will destroy community". Times of Israel. Diakses tanggal February 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ Joe Berkofsky (25 March 2012). "More Than One Quarter of Jews in France Want To Leave, Poll Finds". Jewish Federations. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2 June 2013. Diakses tanggal 5 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Gil Yaron (March 22, 2012). "Fears of Anti-Semitism: More and More French Jews Emigrating to Israel". Spiegel. Diakses tanggal February 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ France info. "La communauté juive de France compte 550.000 personnes, dont 25.000 à Toulouse" (dalam bahasa French). Diakses tanggal 9 January 2015. 
  6. ^ John Irish and Guillaume Serries (March 2012). "Gunman attacks Jewish school in France, four killed". Reuters. Diakses tanggal February 5, 2013. 
  7. ^ Jim Maceda (March 19, 2012). "Four shot dead at Jewish school in France; gun used in earlier attacks". NBC News. Diakses tanggal February 5, 2013. 

Referensi lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Arkin, Kimberly A. Rhinestones, Religion, and the Republic: Fashioning Jewishness in France (Stanford University Press, 2014) online
  • Benbassa, Esther. The Jews of France: A History from Antiquity to the Present (2001) excerpt and text search; online
  • Birnbaum, Pierre, and Jane Todd. The Jews of the Republic: A Political History of State Jews in France from Gambetta to Vichy (1996)
  • Graetz, Michael, and Jane Todd. The Jews in Nineteenth-Century France: From the French Revolution to the Alliance Israelite Universelle (1996)
  • Haus, Jeffrey. "Liberte, Egalite, Utilite: Jewish Education and State in Nineteenth-Century France." Modern Judaism 22.1 (2002): 1-27. online
  • Hyman, Paula E. The Jews of Modern France (1998) excerpt and text search
  • Safran, William (May 2004). "Ethnoreligious Politics in France: Jews and Muslims". West European Politics. 27 (3): 423–451. doi:10.1080/0140238042000228086. 
  • Schechter, Ronald. Obstinate Hebrews: Representations of Jews in France, 1715-1815 (Univ of California Press, 2003)
  • Schoolcraft, Ralph. "In Lieu of Memory: Contemporary Jewish Writing in France," Shofar (2008) 26#4 online
  • Taitz, Emily. The Jews of Medieval France: The Community of Champagne (1994) online
  • Weinberg, Henry H. The myth of the Jew in France, 1967-1982 (Mosaic Press 1987)

Antisemitism[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Anderson, Thomas P. "Edouard Drumont and the Origins of Modern Anti-Semitism." Catholic Historical Review (1967): 28-42. in JSTOR
  • Birnbaum, Pierre; Kochan, Miriam. Anti-Semitism in France: A Political History from Léon Blum to the Present (1992) 317p.
  • Busi, Frederick. The pope of antisemitism: the career and legacy of Edouard-Adolphe Drumont (University Press of America, 1986)
  • Byrnes, R. F. "Edouard Drumont and La France Juive." Jewish Social Studies (1948): 165-184. in JSTOR
  • Isser, Natalie. Antisemitism during the French Second Empire (1991) online
  • Judaken, Jonathan. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish question: anti-antisemitism and the politics of the French intellectual (U of Nebraska Press, 2006)
  • Lindemann, Albert S. The Jew Accused: Three Anti-Semitic Affairs (Dreyfus, Beilis, Frank) 1894-1915 (1991)
  • Mandel, Maud S. Muslims and Jews in France: History of a Conflict (Princeton University Press, 2014)
  • Marrus, Michael R. and Robert 0. Paxton. Vichy France and the Jews (1981) online
  • Read, Piers Paul. The Dreyfus Affair (2012)
  • Shields, James G. "Antisemitism in France: The spectre of Vichy." Patterns of Prejudice 24#2-4 (1990): 5-17.
  • Zuccotti, Susan. The Holocaust, the French, and the Jews (1999)

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]