Konversi skala suhu

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
(Dialihkan dari Rumus konversi suhu)

Berikut ini adalah kumpulan rumus konversi skala suhu dan perbandingan di antara delapan skala suhu yang berbeda, beberapa di antaranya telah lama usang.

Kelvin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Kelvin Ke Kelvin
Celsius [°C] = [K] − 273,15 [K] = [°C] + 273,15
Fahrenheit [°F] = [K] × ​95 − 459,67 [K] = ([°F] + 459,67) × ​59
Rankine [°R] = [K] × ​95 [K] = [°R] × ​59
Delisle [°De] = (373,15 − [K]) × ​32 [K] = 373,15 − [°De] × ​23
Newton [°N] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​33100 [K] = [°N] × ​10033 + 273,15
Réaumur [°Ré] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​45 [K] = [°Ré] × ​54 + 273,15
Rømer [°Rø] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​2140 + 7,5 [K] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​4021 + 273,15

Celsius[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Celsius Ke Celsius
Fahrenheit [°F] = [°C] × ​95 + 32 [°C] = ([°F] − 32) × ​59
Kelvin [K] = [°C] + 273,15 [°C] = [K] − 273,15
Rankine [°R] = ([°C] + 273,15) × ​95 [°C] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​59
Delisle [°De] = (100 − [°C]) × ​32 [°C] = 100 − [°De] × ​23
Newton [°N] = [°C] × ​33100 [°C] = [°N] × ​10033
Réaumur [°Ré] = [°C] × ​45 [°C] = [°Ré] × ​54
Rømer [°Rø] = [°C] × ​2140 + 7,5 [°C] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​4021

Fahrenheit[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Fahrenheit Ke Fahrenheit
Celsius [°C] = ([°F] − 32) × ​59 [°F] = [°C] × ​95 + 32
Kelvin [K] = ([°F] + 459,67) × ​59 [°F] = [K] × ​95 − 459,67
Rankine [°R] = [°F] + 459,67 [°F] = [°R] − 459,67
Delisle [°De] = (212 − [°F]) × ​56 [°F] = 212 − [°De] × ​65
Newton [°N] = ([°F] − 32) × ​1160 [°F] = [°N] × ​6011 + 32
Réaumur [°Ré] = ([°F] − 32) × ​49 [°F] = [°Ré] × ​94 + 32
Rømer [°Rø] = ([°F] − 32) × ​724 + 7,5 [°F] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​247 + 32

Rankine[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Rankine Ke Rankine
Celsius [°C] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​59 [°R] = ([°C] + 273,15) × ​95
Fahrenheit [°F] = [°R] − 459,67 [°R] = [°F] + 459,67
Kelvin [K] = [°R] × ​59 [°R] = [K] × ​95
Delisle [°De] = (671,67 − [°R]) × ​56 [°R] = 671,67 − [°De] × ​65
Newton [°N] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​1160 [°R] = [°N] × ​6011 + 491,67
Réaumur [°Ré] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​49 [°R] = [°Ré] × ​94 + 491,67
Rømer [°Rø] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​724 + 7,5 [°R] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​247 + 491,67

Delisle[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Delisle Ke Delisle
Celsius [°C] = 100 − [°De] × ​23 [°De] = (100 − [°C]) × ​32
Fahrenheit [°F] = 212 − [°De] × ​65 [°De] = (212 − [°F]) × ​56
Kelvin [K] = 373,15 − [°De] × ​23 [°De] = (373,15 − [K]) × ​32
Rankine [°R] = 671,67 − [°De] × ​65 [°De] = (671,67 − [°R]) × ​56
Newton [°N] = 33 − [°De] × ​1150 [°De] = (33 − [°N]) × ​5011
Réaumur [°Ré] = 80 − [°De] × ​815 [°De] = (80 − [°Ré]) × ​158
Rømer [°Rø] = 60 − [°De] × ​720 [°De] = (60 − [°Rø]) × ​207

Newton[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Newton Ke Newton
Celsius [°C] = [°N] × ​10033 [°N] = [°C] × ​33100
Fahrenheit [°F] = [°N] × ​6011 + 32 [°N] = ([°F] − 32) × ​1160
Kelvin [K] = [°N] × ​10033 + 273,15 [°N] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​33100
Rankine [°R] = [°N] × ​6011 + 491,67 [°N] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​1160
Delisle [°De] = (33 − [°N]) × ​5011 [°N] = 33 − [°De] × ​1150
Réaumur [°Ré] = [°N] × ​8033 [°N] = [°Ré] × ​3380
Rømer [°Rø] = [°N] × ​3522 + 7,5 [°N] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​2235

Réaumur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Réaumur Ke Réaumur
Celsius [°C] = [°Ré] × ​54 [°Ré] = [°C] × ​45
Fahrenheit [°F] = [°Ré] × ​94 + 32 [°Ré] = ([°F] − 32) × ​49
Kelvin [K] = [°Ré] × ​54 + 273,15 [°Ré] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​45
Rankine [°R] = [°Ré] × ​94 + 491,67 [°Ré] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​49
Delisle [°De] = (80 − [°Ré]) × ​158 [°Ré] = 80 − [°De] × ​815
Newton [°N] = [°Ré] × ​3380 [°Ré] = [°N] × ​8033
Rømer [°Rø] = [°Ré] × ​2132 + 7,5 [°Ré] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​3221

Rømer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konversi suhu
Dari Rømer Ke Rømer
Celsius [°C] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​4021 [°Rø] = [°C] × ​2140 + 7,5
Fahrenheit [°F] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​247 + 32 [°Rø] = ([°F] − 32) × ​724 + 7,5
Kelvin [K] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​4021 + 273,15 [°Rø] = ([K] − 273,15) × ​2140 + 7,5
Rankine [°R] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​247 + 491,67 [°Rø] = ([°R] − 491,67) × ​724 + 7,5
Delisle [°De] = (60 − [°Rø]) × ​207 [°Rø] = 60 − [°De] × ​720
Newton [°N] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​2235 [°Rø] = [°N] × ​3522 + 7,5
Réaumur [°Ré] = ([°Rø] − 7,5) × ​3221 [°Rø] = [°Ré] × ​2132 + 7,5

Perbandingan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
500.00 932.00 773.15 1391.67 −600.00 165.00 400.00 270.00
490.00 914.00 763.15 1373.67 −585.00 161.70 392.00 264.75
480.00 896.00 753.15 1355.67 −570.00 158.40 384.00 259.50
470.00 878.00 743.15 1337.67 −555.00 155.10 376.00 254.25
460.00 860.00 733.15 1319.67 −540.00 151.80 368.00 249.00
450.00 842.00 723.15 1301.67 −525.00 148.50 360.00 243.75
440.00 824.00 713.15 1283.67 −510.00 145.20 352.00 238.50
430.00 806.00 703.15 1265.67 −495.00 141.90 344.00 233.25
420.00 788.00 693.15 1247.67 −480.00 138.60 336.00 228.00
410.00 770.00 683.15 1229.67 −465.00 135.30 328.00 222.75
400.00 752.00 673.15 1211.67 −450.00 132.00 320.00 217.50
390.00 734.00 663.15 1193.67 −435.00 128.70 312.00 212.25
380.00 716.00 653.15 1175.67 −420.00 125.40 304.00 207.00
370.00 698.00 643.15 1157.67 −405.00 122.10 296.00 201.75
360.00 680.00 633.15 1139.67 −390.00 118.80 288.00 196.50
350.00 662.00 623.15 1121.67 −375.00 115.50 280.00 191.25
340.00 644.00 613.15 1103.67 −360.00 112.20 272.00 186.00
330.00 626.00 603.15 1085.67 −345.00 108.90 264.00 180.75
320.00 608.00 593.15 1067.67 −330.00 105.60 256.00 175.50
310.00 590.00 583.15 1049.67 −315.00 102.30 248.00 170.25
300.00 572.00 573.15 1031.67 −300.00 99.00 240.00 165.00
290.00 554.00 563.15 1013.67 −285.00 95.70 232.00 159.75
280.00 536.00 553.15 995.67 −270.00 92.40 224.00 154.50
270.00 518.00 543.15 977.67 −255.00 89.10 216.00 149.25
260.00 500.00 533.15 959.67 −240.00 85.80 208.00 144.00
250.00 482.00 523.15 941.67 −225.00 82.50 200.00 138.75
240.00 464.00 513.15 923.67 −210.00 79.20 192.00 133.50
230.00 446.00 503.15 905.67 −195.00 75.90 184.00 128.25
220.00 428.00 493.15 887.67 −180.00 72.60 176.00 123.00
210.00 410.00 483.15 869.67 −165.00 69.30 168.00 117.75
200.00 392.00 473.15 851.67 −150.00 66.00 160.00 112.50
190.00 374.00 463.15 833.67 −135.00 62.70 152.00 107.25
180.00 356.00 453.15 815.67 −120.00 59.40 144.00 102.00
170.00 338.00 443.15 797.67 −105.00 56.10 136.00 96.75
160.00 320.00 433.15 779.67 −90.00 52.80 128.00 91.50
150.00 302.00 423.15 761.67 −75.00 49.50 120.00 86.25
140.00 284.00 413.15 743.67 −60.00 46.20 112.00 81.00
130.00 266.00 403.15 725.67 −45.00 42.90 104.00 75.75
120.00 248.00 393.15 707.67 −30.00 39.60 96.00 70.50
110.00 230.00 383.15 689.67 −15.00 36.30 88.00 65.25
100.00 212.00 373.15 671.67 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
90.00 194.00 363.15 653.67 15.00 29.70 72.00 54.75
80.00 176.00 353.15 635.67 30.00 26.40 64.00 49.50
70.00 158.00 343.15 617.67 45.00 23.10 56.00 44.25
60.00 140.00 333.15 599.67 60.00 19.80 48.00 39.00
50.00 122.00 323.15 581.67 75.00 16.50 40.00 33.75
40.00 104.00 313.15 563.67 90.00 13.20 32.00 28.50
30.00 86.00 303.15 545.67 105.00 9.90 24.00 23.25
20.00 68.00 293.15 527.67 120.00 6.60 16.00 18.00
10.00 50.00 283.15 509.67 135.00 3.30 8.00 12.75
0.00 32.00 273.15 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
−10.00 14.00 263.15 473.67 165.00 −3.30 −8.00 2.25
−20.00 −4.00 253.15 455.67 180.00 −6.60 −16.00 −3.00
−30.00 −22.00 243.15 437.67 195.00 −9.90 −24.00 −8.25
−40.00 −40.00 233.15 419.67 210.00 −13.20 −32.00 −13.50
−50.00 −58.00 223.15 401.67 225.00 −16.50 −40.00 −18.75
−60.00 −76.00 213.15 383.67 240.00 −19.80 −48.00 −24.00
−70.00 −94.00 203.15 365.67 255.00 −23.10 −56.00 −29.25
−80.00 −112.00 193.15 347.67 270.00 −26.40 −64.00 −34.50
−90.00 −130.00 183.15 329.67 285.00 −29.70 −72.00 −39.75
−100.00 −148.00 173.15 311.67 300.00 −33.00 −80.00 −45.00
−110.00 −166.00 163.15 293.67 315.00 −36.30 −88.00 −50.25
−120.00 −184.00 153.15 275.67 330.00 −39.60 −96.00 −55.50
−130.00 −202.00 143.15 257.67 345.00 −42.90 −104.00 −60.75
−140.00 −220.00 133.15 239.67 360.00 −46.20 −112.00 −66.00
−150.00 −238.00 123.15 221.67 375.00 −49.50 −120.00 −71.25
−160.00 −256.00 113.15 203.67 390.00 −52.80 −128.00 −76.50
−170.00 −274.00 103.15 185.67 405.00 −56.10 −136.00 −81.75
−180.00 −292.00 93.15 167.67 420.00 −59.40 −144.00 −87.00
−190.00 −310.00 83.15 149.67 435.00 −62.70 −152.00 −92.25
−200.00 −328.00 73.15 131.67 450.00 −66.00 −160.00 −97.50
−210.00 −346.00 63.15 113.67 465.00 −69.30 −168.00 −102.75
−220.00 −364.00 53.15 95.67 480.00 −72.60 −176.00 −108.00
−230.00 −382.00 43.15 77.67 495.00 −75.90 −184.00 −113.25
−240.00 −400.00 33.15 59.67 510.00 −79.20 −192.00 −118.50
−250.00 −418.00 23.15 41.67 525.00 −82.50 −200.00 −123.75
−260.00 −436.00 13.15 23.67 540.00 −85.80 −208.00 −129.00
−270.00 −454.00 3.15 5.67 555.00 −89.10 −216.00 −134.25
−273.15 −459.67 0.00 0.00 559.725 −90.1395 −218.52 −135.90375
Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer


Perbandingan skala suhu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perbandingan skala suhu
Kelvin Celsius Fahrenheit Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
Nol mutlak 0.00 −273.15 −459.67 0.00 559.73 −90.14 −218.52 −135.90
Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] 184 −89.2[1] −128.6[1] 331 284 −29 −71 −39
Campuran es / garam Fahrenheit 255.37 −17.78 0.00 459.67 176.67 −5.87 −14.22 −1.83
Es mencair (pada tekanan standar) 273.15 0.00 32.00 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
Tiga titik air 273.16 0.01 32.018 491.688 149.985 0.0033 0.008 7.50525
Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi 288 15 59 519 128 5 12 15
Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia* 310 37 98 558 95 12 29 27
Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang terekam di Bumi[2] 331 58[2] 136.4[2] 596 63 19 46 38
Air mendidih (pada tekanan standar) 373.1339 99.9839 211.97102[3] 671.64102[3] 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
Titanium meleleh 1941 1668 3034 3494 −2352 550 1334 883
Permukaan Matahari 5800 5500 9900 10400 −8100 1800 4400 2900

* Suhu tubuh manusia normal adalah 36,8 °C ±0,7 °C, atau 98,2 °F ±1,3 °F. Nilai yang biasa diberikan (98,6 °F) hanyalah konversi tepat standar Jerman abad kesembilan belas dari 37 °C. Karena tidak mencantumkan rentang yang dapat diterima, maka dapat dikatakan memiliki kelebihan presisi (tidak valid).[4]

Beberapa angka dalam tabel ini telah dibulatkan.

Representasi grafis[sunting | sunting sumber]

0 K / 0 °R (−273.15 °C)0 °F (−17.78 °C)150 °D32 °F7.5 °Rø0 °C / 0 °Ré / 0 °N212 °F100 °C80 °Ré60 °Rø33 °N0 °DBerkas:Comparison of temperature scales blank.svgComparison of temperature scales blank.svg
Rankine (°R)
Kelvin (K)
Fahrenheit (°F)
Celsius (°C)
Réaumur (°Ré)
Rømer (°Rø)
Newton (°N)
Delisle (°D)
Nol mutlak Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] Campuran es / air / garam Fahrenheit Titik lebur es (pada tekanan standar) Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi (15 °C) Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia (37 °C) Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang direkam di Bumi[2] Titik didih air (pada tekanan standar)  

Tabel konversi antara unit suhu yang berbeda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelvin


Celsius


Fahrenheit


Rankine scale


Rømer scale


Newton scale


Delisle scale


Réaumur scale

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d The Coldest Inhabited Places on Earth; researchers of the Vostok Station recorded the coldest known temperature on Earth on July 21st 1983: −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F).
  2. ^ a b c d World: Highest Temperature Diarsipkan January 4, 2013, di Wayback Machine.; an Italian weather station in al 'Aziziyah (Libya) measured a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F) on September 13th 1922. "Although this record has gained general acceptance as the world's highest temperature recorded under standard conditions, the validity of the extreme has been questioned."
  3. ^ a b http://www.tampile.com/scales.php Diarsipkan 2019-06-13 di Wayback Machine. Tampile – Temperature Conversion Scales
  4. ^ "Temperature of a Healthy Human (Body Temperature)". Hypertextbook.com. Diakses tanggal 2018-06-07. 

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]