Konversi satuan temperatur

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Ini adalah kumpulan formula konversi suhu dan perbandingan di antara delapan skala suhu yang berbeda, beberapa di antaranya telah lama usang.

Ringkasan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perbandingan skala suhu
Kelvin Celsius Fahrenheit Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
Nol mutlak 0.00 −273.15 −459.67 0.00 559.73 −90.14 −218.52 −135.90
Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] 184 −89.2[1] −128.6[1] 331 284 −29 −71 −39
Campuran es / garam Fahrenheit 255.37 −17.78 0.00 459.67 176.67 −5.87 −14.22 −1.83
Es mencair (pada tekanan standar) 273.15 0.00 32.00 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
Tiga titik air 273.16 0.01 32.018 491.688 149.985 0.0033 0.008 7.50525
Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi 288 15 59 519 128 5 12 15
Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia* 310 37 98 558 95 12 29 27
Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang terekam di Bumi[2] 331 58[2] 136.4[2] 596 63 19 46 38
Air mendidih (pada tekanan standar) 373.1339 99.9839 211.97102[3] 671.64102[3] 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
Titanium meleleh 1941 1668 3034 3494 −2352 550 1334 883
Permukaan Matahari 5800 5500 9900 10400 −8100 1800 4400 2900

* Suhu tubuh manusia normal adalah 36,8 °C ±0,7 °C, atau 98,2 °F ±1,3 °F. Nilai yang biasa diberikan (98,6 °F) hanyalah konversi tepat standar Jerman abad kesembilan belas dari 37 °C. Karena tidak mencantumkan rentang yang dapat diterima, maka dapat dikatakan memiliki kelebihan presisi (tidak valid).[4]

Beberapa angka dalam tabel ini telah dibulatkan.

Representasi grafis[sunting | sunting sumber]

0 K / 0 °R (−273.15 °C)0 °F (−17.78 °C)150 °D32 °F7.5 °Rø0 °C / 0 °Ré / 0 °N212 °F100 °C80 °Ré60 °Rø33 °N0 °DBerkas:Comparison of temperature scales blank.svgComparison of temperature scales blank.svg
Rankine (°R)
Kelvin (K)
Fahrenheit (°F)
Celsius (°C)
Réaumur (°Ré)
Rømer (°Rø)
Newton (°N)
Delisle (°D)
Nol mutlak Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] Campuran es / air / garam Fahrenheit Titik lebur es (pada tekanan standar) Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi (15 °C) Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia (37 °C) Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang direkam di Bumi[2] Titik didih air (pada tekanan standar)  

Dari kelvin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
Celsius °C = K − 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = K × 1,8 − 459,67
Rankine °Ra = K × 1,8
Delisle °De = (373,15 − K) × 1,5
Newton °N = (K − 273,15) × 33/100
Réaumur °Ré = (K − 273,15) × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = (K − 273,15) × 21/40 + 7,5

Dari Celsius[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °C + 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = °C × 1,8 + 32
Rankine °Ra = 1,8 × (°C + 491,67)
Delisle °De = (100 − °C) × 1,5
Newton °N = °C × 33/100
Réaumur °Ré = °C × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = °C × 21/40 + 7,5

Dari Fahrenheit[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang dinginkan Formula
Kelvin K = (°F + 459,67) / 1,8
Celsius °C = (°F − 32) / 1,8
Rankine °Ra = °F + 459,67
Delisle °De = (212 − °F) × 5/6
Newton °N = (°F − 32) × 11/60
Réaumur °Ré = (°F − 32) x 0,44
Rømer °Rø = (°F − 32) × 7/24 + 7,5

Dari Rankine[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °Ra / 1,8
Celsius °C = °Ra / 1,8 + 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = °Ra - 459,67
Delisle °De = (671,67 − °Ra) × 5/6
Newton °N = (°Ra − 491,67) × 11/60
Réaumur °Ré = (°Ra / 1,8 + 273,15) × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = (°Ra − 491,67) × 7/24 + 7,5

Dari Delisle[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = 373,15 − °De × 2/3
Celsius °C = 100 − °De × 2/3
Fahrenheit °F = 212 − °De × 1,2
Rankine °Ra = 671,67 − °De × 1,2
Newton °N = 33 − °De × 0,22
Réaumur °Ré = 80 − °De × 8/15
Rømer °Rø = 60 − °De × 0,35

Dari Newton[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °N × 100/33 + 273,15
Celsius °C = °N × 100/33
Fahrenheit °F = °N x 60/11 + 32
Rankine °Ra = °N × 60/11 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (33 − °N) × 50/11
Réaumur °Ré = °N × 80/33
Rømer °Rø = °N × 35/22 + 7,5

Dari Réaumur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °Ré / 0,8 + 273,15
Celsius °C = °Ré / 0,8
Fahrenheit °F = °Ré × 2,25 + 32
Rankine °Ra = °Ré × 2,25 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (80 − °Ré) × 1,875
Newton °N = °Ré × 33/80
Rømer °Rø = °Ré × 21/32 + 7,5

Dari Rømer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = (°Rø − 7,5) × 40/21 + 273.15
Celsius °C = (°Rø − 7,5) × 40/21
Fahrenheit °F = (°Rø − 7,5) × 24/7 + 32
Rankine °Ra = (°Rø − 7,5) × 24/7 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (60 − °Rø) × 20/7
Newton °N = (°Rø − 7,5) × 22/35
Réaumur °Ré = (°Rø − 7,5) × 32/21

Perbandingan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
500.00 932.00 773.15 1391.67 −600.00 165.00 400.00 270.00
490.00 914.00 763.15 1373.67 −585.00 161.70 392.00 264.75
480.00 896.00 753.15 1355.67 −570.00 158.40 384.00 259.50
470.00 878.00 743.15 1337.67 −555.00 155.10 376.00 254.25
460.00 860.00 733.15 1319.67 −540.00 151.80 368.00 249.00
450.00 842.00 723.15 1301.67 −525.00 148.50 360.00 243.75
440.00 824.00 713.15 1283.67 −510.00 145.20 352.00 238.50
430.00 806.00 703.15 1265.67 −495.00 141.90 344.00 233.25
420.00 788.00 693.15 1247.67 −480.00 138.60 336.00 228.00
410.00 770.00 683.15 1229.67 −465.00 135.30 328.00 222.75
400.00 752.00 673.15 1211.67 −450.00 132.00 320.00 217.50
390.00 734.00 663.15 1193.67 −435.00 128.70 312.00 212.25
380.00 716.00 653.15 1175.67 −420.00 125.40 304.00 207.00
370.00 698.00 643.15 1157.67 −405.00 122.10 296.00 201.75
360.00 680.00 633.15 1139.67 −390.00 118.80 288.00 196.50
350.00 662.00 623.15 1121.67 −375.00 115.50 280.00 191.25
340.00 644.00 613.15 1103.67 −360.00 112.20 272.00 186.00
330.00 626.00 603.15 1085.67 −345.00 108.90 264.00 180.75
320.00 608.00 593.15 1067.67 −330.00 105.60 256.00 175.50
310.00 590.00 583.15 1049.67 −315.00 102.30 248.00 170.25
300.00 572.00 573.15 1031.67 −300.00 99.00 240.00 165.00
290.00 554.00 563.15 1013.67 −285.00 95.70 232.00 159.75
280.00 536.00 553.15 995.67 −270.00 92.40 224.00 154.50
270.00 518.00 543.15 977.67 −255.00 89.10 216.00 149.25
260.00 500.00 533.15 959.67 −240.00 85.80 208.00 144.00
250.00 482.00 523.15 941.67 −225.00 82.50 200.00 138.75
240.00 464.00 513.15 923.67 −210.00 79.20 192.00 133.50
230.00 446.00 503.15 905.67 −195.00 75.90 184.00 128.25
220.00 428.00 493.15 887.67 −180.00 72.60 176.00 123.00
210.00 410.00 483.15 869.67 −165.00 69.30 168.00 117.75
200.00 392.00 473.15 851.67 −150.00 66.00 160.00 112.50
190.00 374.00 463.15 833.67 −135.00 62.70 152.00 107.25
180.00 356.00 453.15 815.67 −120.00 59.40 144.00 102.00
170.00 338.00 443.15 797.67 −105.00 56.10 136.00 96.75
160.00 320.00 433.15 779.67 −90.00 52.80 128.00 91.50
150.00 302.00 423.15 761.67 −75.00 49.50 120.00 86.25
140.00 284.00 413.15 743.67 −60.00 46.20 112.00 81.00
130.00 266.00 403.15 725.67 −45.00 42.90 104.00 75.75
120.00 248.00 393.15 707.67 −30.00 39.60 96.00 70.50
110.00 230.00 383.15 689.67 −15.00 36.30 88.00 65.25
100.00 212.00 373.15 671.67 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
90.00 194.00 363.15 653.67 15.00 29.70 72.00 54.75
80.00 176.00 353.15 635.67 30.00 26.40 64.00 49.50
70.00 158.00 343.15 617.67 45.00 23.10 56.00 44.25
60.00 140.00 333.15 599.67 60.00 19.80 48.00 39.00
50.00 122.00 323.15 581.67 75.00 16.50 40.00 33.75
40.00 104.00 313.15 563.67 90.00 13.20 32.00 28.50
30.00 86.00 303.15 545.67 105.00 9.90 24.00 23.25
20.00 68.00 293.15 527.67 120.00 6.60 16.00 18.00
10.00 50.00 283.15 509.67 135.00 3.30 8.00 12.75
0.00 32.00 273.15 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
−10.00 14.00 263.15 473.67 165.00 −3.30 −8.00 2.25
−20.00 −4.00 253.15 455.67 180.00 −6.60 −16.00 −3.00
−30.00 −22.00 243.15 437.67 195.00 −9.90 −24.00 −8.25
−40.00 −40.00 233.15 419.67 210.00 −13.20 −32.00 −13.50
−50.00 −58.00 223.15 401.67 225.00 −16.50 −40.00 −18.75
−60.00 −76.00 213.15 383.67 240.00 −19.80 −48.00 −24.00
−70.00 −94.00 203.15 365.67 255.00 −23.10 −56.00 −29.25
−80.00 −112.00 193.15 347.67 270.00 −26.40 −64.00 −34.50
−90.00 −130.00 183.15 329.67 285.00 −29.70 −72.00 −39.75
−100.00 −148.00 173.15 311.67 300.00 −33.00 −80.00 −45.00
−110.00 −166.00 163.15 293.67 315.00 −36.30 −88.00 −50.25
−120.00 −184.00 153.15 275.67 330.00 −39.60 −96.00 −55.50
−130.00 −202.00 143.15 257.67 345.00 −42.90 −104.00 −60.75
−140.00 −220.00 133.15 239.67 360.00 −46.20 −112.00 −66.00
−150.00 −238.00 123.15 221.67 375.00 −49.50 −120.00 −71.25
−160.00 −256.00 113.15 203.67 390.00 −52.80 −128.00 −76.50
−170.00 −274.00 103.15 185.67 405.00 −56.10 −136.00 −81.75
−180.00 −292.00 93.15 167.67 420.00 −59.40 −144.00 −87.00
−190.00 −310.00 83.15 149.67 435.00 −62.70 −152.00 −92.25
−200.00 −328.00 73.15 131.67 450.00 −66.00 −160.00 −97.50
−210.00 −346.00 63.15 113.67 465.00 −69.30 −168.00 −102.75
−220.00 −364.00 53.15 95.67 480.00 −72.60 −176.00 −108.00
−230.00 −382.00 43.15 77.67 495.00 −75.90 −184.00 −113.25
−240.00 −400.00 33.15 59.67 510.00 −79.20 −192.00 −118.50
−250.00 −418.00 23.15 41.67 525.00 −82.50 −200.00 −123.75
−260.00 −436.00 13.15 23.67 540.00 −85.80 −208.00 −129.00
−270.00 −454.00 3.15 5.67 555.00 −89.10 −216.00 −134.25
−273.15 −459.67 0.00 0.00 559.725 −90.1395 −218.52 −135.90375
Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer

Tabel konversi antara unit suhu yang berbeda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Timeline Temperature Conversion

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d The Coldest Inhabited Places on Earth; researchers of the Vostok Station recorded the coldest known temperature on Earth on July 21st 1983: −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F).
  2. ^ a b c d World: Highest Temperature Diarsipkan January 4, 2013, di Wayback Machine.; an Italian weather station in al 'Aziziyah (Libya) measured a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F) on September 13th 1922. "Although this record has gained general acceptance as the world's highest temperature recorded under standard conditions, the validity of the extreme has been questioned."
  3. ^ a b http://www.tampile.com/scales.php Tampile – Temperature Conversion Scales
  4. ^ "Temperature of a Healthy Human (Body Temperature)". Hypertextbook.com. Diakses tanggal 2018-06-07. 

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]