Petrarca

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Petrarca
Altichiero, ritratto di Francesco Petrarca.jpg
Francesco Petrarca
Pekerjaan Humanis Renaisans
Kebangsaan Italia
Periode menulis Renaisans Awal

Francesco Petrarca (lahir 20 Juli 1304 – meninggal 19 Juli 1374 pada umur 69 tahun) adalah seorang cendekiawan dan penyair Italia. Dia juga adalah salah satu humanis terawal. Petrarca sering disebut "Bapak Humanisme".[1] Pada abad ke-16, Pietro Bembo menciptakan model untuk bahasa Italia modern berdasarkan karya-karya Petrarca. Soneta-soneta Petrarca dikagumi dan ditiru di seluruh Eropa pada masa Renaisans dan menjadi model untuk sajak liris. Dia juga dikenal sebagai salah satu yang pertama kali mengembangkan konsep Zaman Kegelapan.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ this review of Carol Quillen's Rereading the Renaissance

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bartlett, Kenneth R. (1992). The Civilization of the Italian Renaissance; a Source Book. Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company. ISBN 0-669-20900-7
  • Bishop, Morris (1961). "Petrarch." In J. H. Plumb (Ed.), Renaissance Profiles, pp. 1–17. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-131162-6 .
  • Hanawalt, A. Barbara. "The Middle Ages:An Illustrated History" pp. 131–132 Oxford University Press New York 1998
  • Kallendorf, Craig. "The Historical Petrarch," The American Historical Review, Vol 101, No. 1 (Feb. 1996): <130-141.>

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bernardo, Aldo (1983). "Petrarch." In Dictionary of the Middle Ages, volume 9.
  • Hollway-Calthrop, Henry. (1907). Petrarch: His Life and Times, Methuen. From Google Books.
  • Kohl, Benjamin G. (1978). "Francesco Petrarcha: Introduction; How a Ruler Ought to Govern His State," in The Earthly Republic: Italian Humanists on Government and Society, ed. Benjamin G. Kohl and Ronald G. Witt, 25-78. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1097-2
  • Nauert, Charles G. (2006). Humanism and the Culture of Renaissance Europe: Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-54781-4
  • Rawski, Conrad H. (1991). Petrarch's Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul A Modern English Translation of De remediis utriusque Fortune, with a Commentary. ISBN 0-253-34849-8
  • Robinson, James Harvey (1898). Petrarch, the First Modern Scholar and Man of Letters Harvard University
  • Kirkham, Victoria and Armando Maggi. (2009). Petrarch: A Critical Guide to the Complete Works. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226437415. 
  • N. Mann, Petrarca [Ediz. orig. Oxford University Press (1984)] – Ediz. ital. a cura di G. Alessio e L. Carlo Rossi – Premessa di G. Velli, LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 1993, ISBN 88-7916-021-4
  • Il «Canzoniere» di Francesco Petrarca. La Critica Contemporanea, G. Barbarisi e C. Berra (edd.), LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 1992, ISBN 88-7916-005-2
  • G. Baldassari, Unum in locum. Strategie macrotestuali nel Petrarca politico, LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 2006, ISBN 88-7916-309-4
  • Francesco Petrarca, Rerum vulgarium Fragmenta. Edizione critica di Giuseppe Savoca, Olschki, Firenze, 2008, ISBN 978-88-222-5744-4
  • Giuseppe Savoca, Il Canzoniere di Petrarca. Tra codicologia ed ecdotica, Olschki, Firenze, 2008, ISBN 978-88-222-5805-2
  • Roberta Antognini, Il progetto autobiografico delle "Familiares" di Petrarca, LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 2008, ISBN 978-88-7916-396-5