Pertempuran Sirte (2011)

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Pertempuran Sirte
Bagian dari Serangan Teluk Sidra kedua selama Perang Saudara Libya
Tanggal15 September – 20 Oktober 2011
LokasiSirte, Libya
Hasil

Kemenangan Anti-Gaddafi

Pihak terlibat

Bendera Libya Tentara Anti-Gaddafi

Flag of NATO.svg NATO[1]
Bendera Libya Loyalis Gaddafi
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Libya Hamid Hassy
Bendera Libya Mustafa Bin Dardef [4][5]
Bendera Libya Touhami Zayani[6]
Bendera Libya Essam Baghhar

Bendera Libya Muammar Gaddafi 
Bendera Libya Mutassim Gaddafi [7]

Bendera Libya Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr [8]
Bendera Libya Mansour Dhao (ditangkap)[9]
Bendera Libya Abdel Rahman Abdel Hamid (ditangkap)[10]
Kekuatan
16.000 pasukan[11]
163[12]-900[13] kendaraan teknikal
1.000[12]-5.000[14] pasukan (klaim NTC)
Korban
265 tewas,[15]
2.030 terluka[16]
184[17]-868[18][19][20] tewas,
200 terluka,[21][22]
150+ ditangkap[23]
800 penduduk tewas (klaim NTC)[24]
2.151 penduduk tewas (klaim loyalis)[25][26]

Pertempuran Sirte adalah pertempuran terakhir dalam Perang Saudara Libya yang dimulai setelah tentara Dewan Transisi Nasional (NTC) menyerang kota asal Muammar Gaddafi, Sirte. Pada September 2011, hanya tinggal Sirte dan Bani Walid yang masih dikuasai loyali Gaddafi dan NTC berharap bahwa dengan jatuhnya Sirte, perang akan berakhir.[27] Dalam pertempuran ini, Gaddafi sendiri terluka dan ditangkap saat berupaya melarikan diri dari kota. Ia meninggal dalam waktu kurang dari satu jam kemudian. Akibat pertempuran selama hampir sebulan ini, banyak bangunan di Sirte yang hancur.[28]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Nato takes control of enforcing Libya no-fly zone". Dawn. 25 March 2011. Diakses tanggal 26 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Dziadosz, Alexander (28 September 2011). "Gaddafi hometown a hazardous prize for Libya's NTC". Sirte. Reuters. Diakses tanggal 29 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Gadhafi diehards force Sirte retreat by NTC fighters
  4. ^ "Libyan troops advance on Sirte in heavy fighting". Times of Malta. 6 September 2011. Diakses tanggal 21 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Street fighting rocks Sirte as Clinton visits Tripoli". Ahram Online. 18 October 2011. Diakses tanggal 18 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Libya live Blog
  7. ^ After a day of intense fighting, anti-Gadhafi forces pull back
  8. ^ "Gaddafi's Ex-Defense Minister Killed - Report". Sofia News Agency. 20 October 2011. Diakses tanggal 21 October 2011. 
  9. ^ Fahim, Kareem (22 October 2011). "In His Last Days, Qaddafi Wearied of Fugitive's Life". The New York Times. Diakses tanggal 23 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Gaddafi nephew arrested in Sirte". Times LIVE. 9 October 2011. Diakses tanggal 21 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Forces attack Gaddafi stronghold Sirte as end of civil war approaches
  12. ^ a b Gaddafi's wife and children flee to Algeria
  13. ^ Spencer, Richard (15 September 2011). "Libya: rebels 'enter gates of Sirte'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Diakses tanggal 15 September 2011. 
  14. ^ McCain arrives in Libya as rival forces battle for control
  15. ^ 11 killed (15 September),[1] 13 killed (16 September),[2] 24 killed (17 September),[3] 2 killed (18 September),[4] 4 killed (20 September),[5] 70 killed (21 September-6 October),[6] 120 killed (7–15 October),[7] 14 killed (18 October),[8] 7 killed (19 October),[9] total of 265 reported killed
  16. ^ 461 wounded (15–28 September; western front)[10] 36 wounded (25–26 September; eastern front),[11] 100 wounded (27–28 September; eastern front),[12] 18 wounded (29 September),[13] 11 wounded (30 September),[14] 133 wounded (1–6 October),[15] 1,100 wounded (7–15 October),[16] 95 wounded (18 October), [17] 76 wounded (19 October),[18] total of 2,030 reported wounded
  17. ^ 53 tawanan tewas (15–19 Oktober),[19] 105 killed (20 October),[20] 26 killed (29 October),[21] total of 184 reported killed
  18. ^ Signs of ex-rebel atrocities in Libya grow
  19. ^ Report: More than 250 Gaddafi supporters found dead in Sirte
  20. ^ Bastian, Marc (29 October 2011). "Libyans find more bodies in Kadhafi hometown". Google News. Sirte. Agence France-Presse. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 4 September 2012. Diakses tanggal 29 January 2012. 
  21. ^ Libya: ICRC supplies Sirte hospital with urgently needed medical assistance
  22. ^ Humanitarian fears grow in Sirte
  23. ^ 60 captured (28 September),[22] 50 captured (9 October),[23] 24 captured (11 October),[24] 15 captured (13 October),[25] total of 150+ reported captured
  24. ^ Crilly, Rob (3 September 2011). "Libya: Over 800 killed in battle for Gaddafi's home town of Sirte". Telegraph. London. Diakses tanggal 21 October 2011. 
  25. ^ Gadhafi aide: NATO airstrike hits residential area, kills 354 civilians
  26. ^ Gaddafi aide claims NATO strikes killed 151
  27. ^ "Libya conflict: Pro-Gaddafi troops 'cornered' in Sirte". BBC. 
  28. ^ "Gadhafi's hometown seems largely destroyed". The News Tribune.