Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat

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Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg
Lambang Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat
Aktif1941–1947
Negara Amerika Serikat
CabangSeal of the United States Department of War.png Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
Tipe unitPasukan udara
PeranPeperangan udara
Jumlah personel2.4 juta anggota (Maret 1944)
80,000 pesawat (Juli 1944)
Bagian dariDepartemen Perang
MarkasMunitions Building, Washington, D.C., (1941–1942)
The Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia, (1943–1947)
Dibubarkan18 September 1947
Komandan tempur
Tokoh berjasaJen. Henry H. ("Hap") Arnold, (1941–1946)
Jen. Carl Spaatz, (1946–1947)

Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat (bahasa Inggris: United States Army Air Forces, disingkat USAAF atau AAF) adalah pelayanan penerbangan militer Amerika Serikat pada saat dan setelah Perang Dunia II, pengganti dari Korps Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat dan pendahulu langsung dari Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat. AAF adalah sebuah komponen dari Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat, yang pada 1942 berdasarkan fungsinya dibagi menurut rangka eksekutif dalam tiga pasukan otonomi Pasukan Bawah Tanah Angkatan Darat, Pelayanan Suplai (yang pada 1943 menjadi Pasukan Pelayanan Angkatan Darat), dan Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat. Setiap pasukan tersebut memiliki seorang jenderal komando yang secara langsung melapor kepada Ketua Staf Angkatan Darat.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Army Air Forces Statistical Digest, World War II. Office of Statistical Control, Headquarters AAF. Washington, D.C. December 1945
Tables 1–73, Combat Groups, Personnel, Training, and Crews
Tables 74–117 Aircraft and Equipment
Tables 118–218 Operations and Miscellaneous
  • Arakaki, Leatrice R. and Kuborn, John R. (1991). 7 December 1941: The Air Force Story. Pacific Air Forces History Office, Hickam AFB, Hawaii. ISBN 0-912799-73-0
  • Bowman, Martin W. (1997). USAAF Handbook 1939–1945. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, ISBN 0-8117-1822-0
  • Cline, Ray S. (1990). Washington Command Post: The Operations Division. United States Army in World War II: The War Department (series), United States Army Center of Military History
  • Correll, John T. (June 1995). "The US Army Air Forces at war: a statistical portrait of USAAF in World War II". AIR FORCE Magazine, Journal of the Air Force Association. 
  • Correll, John T. (September 2008). "GHQ Air Force". AIR FORCE Magazine, Journal of the Air Force Association. 
  • Correll, John T. (July 2009). "But What About the Air Corps?". AIR FORCE Magazine, Journal of the Air Force Association. 
  • Craven, Wesley Frank, and Cate, James Lea, editors (1983). The Army Air Forces In World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, ISBN 0-912799-03-X (Vol. 1).
(1948). Volume One – Plans and Early Operations: January 1939 – August 1942
(1949). Volume Two – Europe: Torch to Pointblank: August 1942 – December 1943
(1951). Volume Three – Europe: Argument to V-E Day: January 1944 – May 1945
(1950). Volume Four – The Pacific: Guadalcanal to Saipan: August 1942 – July 1944
(1953). Volume Five – The Pacific: Matterhorn to Nagasaki: June 1944-August1945
(1955). Volume Six – Men and Planes
(1958). Volume Seven – Services Around the World
  • Daly-Benarek, Janet R. (1995). The Enlisted Experience: A Conversation With the Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force. Darby, Pennsylvania: Diane Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7881-2824-8.
  • Finney, Robert T. (1955). USAF Historical Study No. 100: History of the Air Corps Tactical School, Center for Air Force History, March 1955 edition
  • Futrell, Robert F. (1951). USAF Historical Study No. 69: Development of AAF Base Facilities in the United States, 1939–1945, Air Force Historical Research Agency
  • Futrell, Robert F. (1971). USAF Historical Study No. 139: Ideas, Concepts, Doctrine: A History of Basic Thinking in the United States Air Force, 1907–1964, Air Force Historical Research Agency (This document is available online at [1] in six parts.)
  • Greenfield, Col. Kent Roberts (1948). Study No. 35 Army Ground Forces and the Air-Ground Battle Team. Historical Section Army Ground Forces, AD-A954 913
  • Griffith, Charles (1999). The Quest: Haywood Hansell and American Strategic Bombing in World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Press ISBN 1-58566-069-8
  • Kreis, John F., editor (1996). Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Air Force Historical Studies Office. ISBN 978-1-4289-1405-6. 
  • Layman, Martha E. (1946). Organization of AAF Training Activities, 1939–1945 (USAF Historical Study 53). Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1
  • Maurer, Maurer (1982). Combat Squadrons of the Air Force World War II. Albert F. Simpson Historical Research Center, Office of Air Force History, Headquarters United States Air Force
  • Mayock, Thomas J. (1944). USAF Historical Study No. 105: Air Phase of the North African Invasion November 1942, Air Force Historical Research Agency
  • McClendon, R. Earl (1996). Autonomy of the Air Arm (PDF). Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University. ISBN 0-16-045510-3. Diakses tanggal 31 May 2012. 
  • Mooney, Chase C. and Williamson, Edwin C. (1956). USAF Historical Study No. 10: Organization of the Army Air Arm, 1935–1945, Air Force Historical Research Agency
  • Mooney, Chase C. (1946). USAF Historical Study No. 46: Organization of Military Aeronautics, 1935–1945 (Executive, Congressional, and War Department Action), Air Force Historical Research Agency
  • Nalty, Bernard C., editor (1997). Winged Shield, Winged Sword: A History of the United States Air Force, Vol. I. Air Force History and Museums Program, USAF. ISBN 0-16-049009-X
  • National Archives, Record Group 498, U.S. Army, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Historical Division: Records, 1941-1946, Hq ETOUSA, General Order 18.
  • Office of the Adjutant General (1953). "Battle casualties by type of casualty and disposition, and duty branch: 7 December 1941 -31 December 1946" (PDF). Army Battle Casualties and Non-battle Deaths in World War II: Final Report. Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Diakses tanggal 8 October 2012. 
  • Reither, Joseph (1944). USAF Historical Study 13: The Development of Tactical Doctrines at AAFSAT and AAFTAC, Air Force Historical Research Agency
  • Rickard, J (30 May 2007), Lockheed P-38 Lightning Fighter Groups
  • Risch, Ema and Pitkin, Thomas M. (1946), QMC Historical Studies No. 16: Clothing the Soldier of World War II, United States Army Quartermaster Corps, Historical Section
  • Rottman, Gordon L (1998). U.S. Army Air Force – 1. Oxford, U.K.: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-295-1
  • Smith, Jill H. (2001). Dressed for Duty: America's Women in Uniform 1898–1973. San Jose, California: R. James Bender Publishing, ISBN 0-912138-81-5
  • Spaatz, Carl A. (April 1946). "Strategic Airpower in the European War". Foreign Affairs. 
  • Tate, Dr. James P. (1998). The Army and its Air Corps: Army Policy Toward Aviation 1919–1941. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Press. ISBN 0-16-061379-5. 
  • Watson, Mark Skinner (1991). Chief of Staff: Pre-war Plans and Preparations. United States Army in World War II: The War Department (series), United States Army Center of Military History
  • White, Jerry (1949). Combat Crew and Training Units in the AAF, 1939–45 (USAF Historical Study 61). Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  • Wolk, Herman S. (1996). Toward Independence: The Emergence of the U.S. Air Force 1945–1947. Air Force History and Museums Program Air Force History Support Office. Bolling AFB, D.C.
  • The Officer's Guide, 9th Edition (July 1943). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Military Service Publishing Co. ASIN B0027W7SU4
  • War Department. Army Regulations No. 600-35 "Personnel, Prescribed Service Uniform" (10 November 1941)
  • War Department. Army Regulations No. 600-40 "Personnel, Wearing of the Service Uniform" (28 August 1941)
  • War Department. Army Regulations No. 600-35 "Personnel, Prescribed Service Uniform" (31 March 1944)
  • War Department. Army Regulations No. 600-40 "Personnel, Wearing of the Service Uniform" (31 March 1944)
  • War Department Circular No. 391, "Adoption of M-1944 Field Jacket" (30 September 1944), Sec. VII

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Didahului oleh:
Korps Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
Pasukan Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
1941–1947
Diteruskan oleh:
Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat