Demokrat Liberal (Britania Raya)

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Liberal Demokrat
Pemimpin Sir Vince Cable
Deputy Leader Jo Swinson
President Sal Brinton
Lords Leader Richard Newby
Didirikan 3 March 1988[1]
Penggabungan dari
Kantor pusat 8–10 Great George Street,
London, SW1P 3AE[2]
Sayap pemuda Young Liberals
LGBT wing LGBT+ Liberal Democrats
Keanggotaan  (2017) 108,000 [3]
Ideologi
Posisi politik Tengah[8][9][10] ke kiri tengah[11]
Afiliasi internasional Liberal International
Afiliasi Eropa Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Kelompok Parlemen Eropa Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Warna resmi      Amber
Dewan Rakyat
12 / 650
Dewan Bangsawan[12]
100 / 795
Parlemen Eropa[13]
1 / 73
Majelis London
1 / 25
Parlemen Skotlandia
5 / 129
Majelis Wales
1 / 60
Konselor lokal[14]
1.830 / 20.208
Walikota terpilih langsung
2 / 17
Situs web
www.libdems.org.uk
Sir Vince Cable (ketua partai sejak 2017 hingga sekarang)

Partai Liberal Demokrat (bahasa Inggris: The Liberal Democrats, sering disingkat sebagai Lib Dems) adalah partai politik berhaluan tengah[15] di Britania Raya. Partai ini didirikan pada tahun 1988, dengan penggabungan dari Partai Liberal dan Partai Sosial Demokratik. Dua partai tersebut sebelumnya telah membentuk Aliansi SDP-Liberal selama tujuh tahun sebelum digabungkan. Ketua partai adalah Vince Cable yang menggantikan Tim Farron yang mengundurkan diri setelah pemilu tahun 2017.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Robert Ingham and Duncan Brack, Peace, Reform and Liberation – A History of Liberal Politics in Britain 1679–2011, Biteback Publishing, 2011.
  2. ^ "Revealed: The Liberal Democrats’ new HQ". Libdemvoice.org. 21 May 2011. Diakses tanggal 26 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Lib Dems hit record". The Guardian. Press Association. 3 May 2017. hlm. 2. Diakses tanggal 3 May 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. Diakses tanggal 30 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics [2 volumes]: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. hlm. 343. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. 
  6. ^ https://www.libdems.org.uk/europe
  7. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/may/28/tim-farron-liberal-democrat-pro-european-strategy-proved-right
  8. ^ "Lib Dems aim for centrist voters with tax platform". Financial Times. Diakses tanggal 18 February 2017. 
  9. ^ James, Morris. "Why being a centrist party hasn't helped the Lib Dems". New Statesman (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 18 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Is this the end for the Liberal Democrats? openDemocracy UK. Author - Max Kiefel. Published 15 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  11. ^ Thomas Quinn; Judith Bara; John Bartle (2013). "The UK Coalition Agreement of 2010: Who Won?". Dalam Justin Fisher; Christopher Wlezien. The UK General Election of 2010: Explaining the Outcome. Routledge. hlm. 180. ISBN 978-1-317-96554-1. 
  12. ^ "Lords by party and type of peerage". Parlemen Britania Raya. August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Vote 2014". BBC News. Diakses tanggal 26 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Keith Edkins. 3 February 2017. Diakses tanggal 10 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Andrew Russell, Ed Fieldhouse, Neither left nor right?: the Liberal Democrats and the electorate, Manchester University Press (2005), p. 254, quote: "outside the constraints of the left-right spectrum, circumventing the notion of equidistance altogether and at the same time promoting a set of distinct policies that can be seen as both centrist and radical."

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