Partai Liberal (Britania Raya)

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Partai Liberal
Didirikan 9 Juni 1859
Dibubarkan 2 Maret 1988
Penggabungan dari Whigs, Radikal, Peelite
Bergabung ke dalam Liberal Demokrat
Ideologi Liberalisme (Inggris)
'Faksi internal:
 • Sosial liberalisme[1]
 • Liberalisme klasik
Afiliasi nasional Aliansi SDP–Liberal (1981–88)
Afiliasi internasional Liberal International (1947–88)
Afiliasi Eropa Federasi Liberal Demokrat Eropa (1976–88)
Kelompok Parlemen Eropa Grup Liberal dan Demokrat (1976–85)
Grup Reformis Liberal dan Demokrat (1985–88)
Warna resmi      Kuning
Politik Britania Raya

Partai Liberal adalah sebuah partai politik liberal yang menjadi salah satu dari dua partai utama di Britania Raya pada abad ke-19 dan ke-20.[2]

Partai tersebut berkembang dari aliansi Whigs dan perdagangan bebas Peelite dan Radikal pada 1850an. Pada akhir abad kesembilan belas, partai tersebut membentuk empat pemerintahan di bawah William Gladstone.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Stephen Driver (2011). Understanding British Party Politics. Polity. hlm. 117. ISBN 978-0-7456-4077-8. Diakses tanggal 20 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Thomas Banchoff; Mitchell Smith (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union: The Contested Polity. Routledge. hlm. 123. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Diakses tanggal 16 July 2013. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Adelman, Paul. The decline of the Liberal Party 1910-1931 (2nd ed. Routledge, 2014).
  • Bentley, Michael The Climax of Liberal Politics: British Liberalism in Theory and Practice, 1868-1918 (1987).
  • Brack, Duncan, Robert Ingham, and Tony Little, eds. British Liberal Leaders (Biteback Publishing, 2015).
  • Campbell, John Lloyd George, The Goat in the Wilderness, 1922-31 (1977).
  • Clarke, P. F. "The Electoral Position of the Liberal and Labour Parties, 1910-1914." English Historical Review 90.357 (1975): 828-836. in JSTOR
  • Cook, Chris. A Short History of the Liberal Party, 1900–2001 (6th edition). Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002. ISBN 0-333-91838-X.
  • Cregier, Don M. "The Murder of the British Liberal Party," The History Teacher Vol. 3, No. 4 (May, 1970), pp. 27–36 online edition, blames Asquith, Lloyd George and the voters
  • Dutton, David. A History of the Liberal Party Since 1900 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
  • Gilbert, Bentley Brinkerhoff. David Lloyd George: A Political Life: The Architect of Change 1863–1912 (1987); David Lloyd George: A Political Life: Organizer of Victory, 1912–1916 (1992)
  • Hammond, J. L. and M. R. D. Foot. Gladstone and Liberalism (1952) online
  • Hazlehurst, Cameron. "Asquith as Prime Minister, 1908–1916," The English Historical Review Vol. 85, No. 336 (Jul., 1970), pp. 502–531 in JSTOR
  • Jones; Thomas. Lloyd George (1951) online edition
  • Laybourn, Keith. "The rise of Labour and the decline of Liberalism: the state of the debate." History 80.259 (1995): 207-226, historiography.
  • Lynch, Patricia. The Liberal Party in Rural England, 1885-1910: Radicalism and Community (2003).
  • MacAllister, Iain, et al., "Yellow fever? The political geography of Liberal voting in Great Britain," Political Geography (2002) 21#4 pp 421–47
  • Mowat, Charles Loch. Britain between the Wars, 1918–1940 (1955) 694 pp; online edition
  • Parry, Jonathan. The Rise and Fall of Liberal Government in Victorian Britain. Yale, 1993.ISBN 0-300-06718-6.
  • Partridge, Michael Gladstone (2002) online; 304pp
  • Russell, A.K. Liberal Landslide : The General Election of 1906 (David & Charles, 1973).
  • Thorpe, Andrew. "Labour Leaders and the Liberals, 1906-1924", Cercles 21

(2011), 39-54. online

  • Wilson, Trevor. The Downfall of the Liberal Party: 1914-1935 (1966)

Sumber primer[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Craig, Frederick Walter Scott, ed. British General Election Manifestos, 1900-74 (Springer, 1975).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]