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Nebula planeter

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Gambar sinar X Nebula mata kucing.
Formasi Nebula planeter.
NGC 6326, sebuah nebula planeter[1]

Nebula planeter adalah sebuah emisi nebula yang terdiri dari cangkang gas terionisasi yang bersinar yang sedang mengembang yang dikeluarkan selama fase masa asimtotik dari beberapa jenis bintang dalam siklus akhir kehidupan bintang tersebut.[2]

Istilah Nebula planeter sebenarnya berawal dari kekeliruan yang dilakukan oleh William Herschel (1784 atau 1785) karena jika dilihat melalui teleskop, objek-objek tersebut terlihat menyerupai awan (nebula) yang mirip dengan penampakan Uranus, planet yang telah ditemukan dengan teleskop oleh Herschel. Nama yang diberikan oleh Herschel ini kemudian diadopsi oleh para astronom dan tidak pernah berubah lagi, walaupun nebula planeter sama sekali tidak ada hubungannya dengan planet di sistem tata surya.[3]

Nebula planeter sering berisikan bintang, tetapi tidak terlihat adanya planet. Objek ini merupakan fenomena yang berumur cukup pendek, yakni beberapa puluh ribu tahun, dibandingkan dengan umur bintang yang bisa beberapa miliar tahun.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Kwok, Sun; Koning, Nico; Huang, Hsiu-Hui; Churchwell, Edward (2006), Barlow, Michael J.; Méndez, ed., "Planetary nebulae in the GLIMPSE survey", Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, Symposium #234, Planetary Nebulae in our Galaxy and Beyond, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2 (S234): 445–6, Bibcode:2006IAUS..234..445K, doi:10.1017/S1743921306003668, Planetary nebulae (PNs) have high dust content and radiate strongly in the infrared. For young PNs, the dust component accounts for ∼1/3 of the total energy output of the nebulae (Zhang & Kwok 1991). The typical color temperatures of PNs are between 100 and 200 K, and at λ >5 μm, dust begins to dominate over bound-free emission from the ionized component. Although PNs are traditionally discovered through examination of photographic plates or Hα surveys, PNs can also be identified in infrared surveys by searching for red objects with a rising spectrum between 4-10 μm. 
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