Menumpang

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Simbol penumpang internasional.

Menumpang adalah tindakan menduduki wilayah lahan atau bangunan yang ditinggalkan atau tak diduduki, biasanya tempat tinggal, dimana penumpang tak memiliki, menyewa atau memiliki ijin sah untuk memakainya.

Pada 2004, penulis Robert Neuwirth menyatakan bahwa terdapat satu miliar penumpang di dunia.[1]

Menumpang dapat dikaitkan dengan gerakan-gerakan politik, seperti anarkis, otonomis atau sosialis.[2]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Neuwirth, R. (2004), Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters, A New Urban World, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-93319-3 
  2. ^ Barnett, Helen (April 2, 2015). "Squatters occupy building near Buckingham Palace to 'stick two fingers up to Queen'". express.co.uk. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bailey, R. (1973) The Squatters Penguin: UK ISBN 0140523006
  • Corr, A. (1999) No Trespassing! Squatting, Rent Strikes and Land Struggles Worldwide South End Press ISBN 0-89608-595-3
  • ADILKNO (1994) Cracking The Movement – Amsterdam squatter history and the movement's relation to the media. Also available online
  • Cracking The System (2008) – A zine about squats and social centres in Europe inspired by the april2008 initiative. Also available online.
  • Curtis, H. & Sanderson, M. (2004) The Unsung Sixties Whiting & Birch ISBN 1861770448
  • Dobbz, H. (2013) Nine-Tenths of the Law: Property and Resistance in the United States AK Press ISBN 978-184935118-8
  • Kadir, Nazima (2016). The Autonomous Life?: Paradoxes of Hierarchy and Authority in the Squatters Movement in Amsterdam (dalam bahasa English) (edisi ke-Reprint). Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-1-78499-411-2. 
  • Katsiaficas, G. (1999) The Subversion of Politics: European Autonomous Social Movements and the Decolonization of Everyday Life Humanity Books ISBN 1-57392-441-5 Also available online
  • Schmid, L. (2014) Häuserkampf im Berlin der 1980er Jahre: Squatting in Berlin in the 1980s ISBN 978-3863681098
  • Squatting Europe Kollective (2013) Squatting in Europe: Radical Spaces Urban, Struggles Minor Compositions ISBN 978-1-57027-257-8 Also available as a free PDF
  • Squatting Everywhere Kollective (2018) Fighting for spaces, Fighting for our lives: Squatting movements today ISBN 978-3-942885-90-4
  • Tobocman, S. (reissued 2016) War in the Neighborhood New York: Autonomedia – a graphic novel about squatting on New York City's Lower East Side in the 1980s
  • Waterhouse, R. (2005) The Vision Splendid: A Social and Cultural History of Rural Australia, Fremantle, Curtain University Books
  • Wittger, B. (2017) Squatting in Rio de Janeiro : constructing citizenship and gender from below Transcript-Verlag ISBN 9783837635478

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]