^The Chinese title wang is usually translated as "king". Hence, Liu Wu is sometimes known as the King of Liang. However, it is standard to translate the Liu-family titles of this era as "princes", given their lack of sovereignty and inferiority to the emperor.
^Ban Biao & al. Book of Han in 倉修良 [Cang Xiuliang]. 《漢書辭典》 [Hanshu Cidian], p. 946. Shandong Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Jinan), 1991 in Theobald, Ulrich. China Knowledge. "Persons in Chinese History: Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王 Liu Wu 劉武". 2011. Accessed 29 November 2013.