Laurel dan Hardy

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Laurel dan Hardy
Stan Laurel dan Oliver Hardy dalam film fitur tahun 1939 mereka berjudul The Flying Deuces
Kebangsaan Inggris, Amerika Serikat
Tahun aktif 1927—1955
Genre Slapstick
Karya terkenal dan peran The Music Box, March of the Wooden Soldiers, Way Out West, Helpmates, Another Fine Mess, Sons of the Desert, Block-Heads, Busy Bodies
Peringatan Ulverston, Cumbria, England
Mantan anggota Stan Laurel
Oliver Hardy
Situs web www.laurel-and-hardy.com

Laurel dan Hardy adalah seorang pemeran ganda komedi pada era Hollywood Klasik awal dari perfilman Amerika Serikat. Tim tersebut terdiri dari pria kurus asal Inggris Stan Laurel (1890–1965) dan pria gendut asal Amerika Oliver Hardy (1892–1957). Mereka terkenal pada akhir 1920an sampai pertengahan 1940an atas komedi slapstick mereka.[1][2] Nada khas duo tersebut banyak dikenal sebagai "The Cuckoo Song", "Ku-Ku", atau "The Dance of the Cuckoos". Mereka memainkan peran utama dalam film-film mereka dan topi mangkok telah menjadi lambang mereka.

Filmografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan

Kutipan

  1. ^ "Laurel and Hardy." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved: June 12, 2011.
  2. ^ Rawlngs, Nate. "Top 10 across-the-pond duos." Time Magazine July 20, 2010. Retrieved: June 18, 2012.

Daftar pustaka

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  • Cullen, Frank, Florence Hackman and Donald McNeilly. Vaudeville, Old and New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America. London: Routledge, 2007. ISBN 978-0-415-93853-2
  • Durgnat, Raymond. "Beau Chumps and Church Bells" (essay). The Crazy Mirror: Hollywood Comedy and the American Image. New York: Dell Publishing, 1970. ISBN 978-0-385-28184-3
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  • Everson, William K. The Films of Hal Roach. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1971. ISBN 978-0-87070-559-5
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  • Maltin, Leonard. Movie Comedy Teams. New York: New American Library, 1985; First edition 1970. ISBN 978-0-452-25694-1.
  • Maltin, Leonard, Selected Short Subjects (First published as The Great Movie Shorts. New York: Crown Publishers, 1972.) New York: Da Capo Press, 1983. ISBN 978-0-452-25694-1.
  • Maltin, Leonard. The Laurel & Hardy Book (Curtis Films Series). Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books, 1973. ISBN 0-00-020201-0.
  • Maltin, Leonard. The Great Movie Comedians. New York: Crown Publishers, 1978. ISBN 978-0-517-53241-6.
  • Marriot, A. J. Laurel & Hardy: The British Tours. Hitchen, Herts, UK: AJ Marriot, 1993. ISBN 0-9521308-0-7
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  • McCabe, John. Mr. Laurel & Mr. Hardy: An Affectionate Biography. London: Robson Books, 2004; First edition 1961; Reprint: New York: Doubleday & Co., 1966. ISBN 1-86105-606-0.
  • McCabe, John. The Comedy World of Stan Laurel. Beverly Hills: Moonstone Press, 1990; First edition 1974, Doubleday & Co. ISBN 0-940410-23-0.
  • McCabe, John, with Al Kilgore and Richard W. Bann. Laurel & Hardy. New York: Bonanza Books, 1983; First edition 1975, E.P. Dutton. ISBN 978-0-491-01745-9.
  • McCabe, John. Babe: The Life of Oliver Hardy. London: Robson Books, 2004; First edition 1989, Citadel. ISBN 1-86105-781-4.
  • McCaffrey, Donald W. "Duet of Incompetence" (essay). The Golden Age of Sound Comedy: Comic Films and Comedians of the Thirties. New York: A.S. Barnes, 1973. ISBN 978-0-498-01048-4.
  • McGarry, Annie. Laurel & Hardy. London: Bison Group, 1992. ISBN 0-86124-776-0.
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