Kepulauan Britania

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Kepulauan Britania
bahasa Inggris: British Isles
bahasa Irlandia: Éire agus an Bhreatain Mhór[1]
or Oileáin Iarthair Eorpa[2]
bahasa Manx: Ny h-Ellanyn Goaldagh[3]
bahasa Gaelik Skotlandia: Eileanan Bhreatainn[4]
bahasa Wales: Ynysoedd Prydain
bahasa Perancis: Îles Britanniques[5]
[6]
Peta Kepulauan Britania dan lokasinya di Eropa.
Citra satelit Kepulauan Britania, termasuk Shetland
British Isles location.svg
Geografi
Lokasi Eropa Barat dan Eropa Utara
Koordinat 54°LU 4°BT / 54°LU 4°BB / 54; -4
Jumlah pulau 6,000+
Pulau besar Britania Raya dan Irlandia
Luas 315,134 km2 (121,674 sq mi)
Ketinggian tertinggi 1.344 m (4.409 ft)
Puncak tertinggi Ben Nevis
Negara berdaulat dan dependensi mahkota
Kota terbesar Dublin
Kota terbesar London
Kota terbesar Douglas
Kota terbesar Saint Helier
Kota terbesar Saint Peter Port
Demografi
Populasi ~68 juta
Kelompok etnik British, Channel Islanders, Cornish,[7] Inggris, English Gypsies, Irlandia, Irish Travellers, Kale, Manx, Skotlandia, Ulster-Scots, Wales

Kepulauan Britania adalah kepulauan di sebelah barat laut daratan Eropa yang di dalamnya termasuk Pulau Britania Raya, Pulau Irlandia, dan sekitar enam ribu pulau lainnya. [8] Ada dua negara berdaulat di Kepulauan Britania, yaitu Britania Raya dan Republik Irlandia.[9][10]

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  1. ^ "British Isles". focal.ie Terminology Database. Foras na Gaeilge / Dublin City University. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2010. the British Isles s pl (Tíreolaíocht · Geography; Polaitíocht · Politics; Stair · History; Logainmneacha » Ceantar/Réigiún · Placenames » Area/Region) Éire bain agus an Bhreatain bain2 Mhór 
  2. ^ Dinneen, Patrick (1927), Foclóir Gaeilge Béarla, Irish-English Dictionary (2nd (1979 reprint) ed.), Dublin: The Educational Company of Ireland, p. 812, Oileain [sic] Iarthair Eorpa, the British or West European Isles; 
  3. ^ Office of The President of Tynwald (PDF) http://www.tynwald.org.im/papers/press/2008/pr33.pdf 
  4. ^ University of Glasgow Department of Celtic http://www.gla.ac.uk/departments/celtic/duilleagangidhlig/ 
  5. ^ "RÈGLEMENT (1953) (AMENDEMENT) SUR L’IMPORTATION ET L’EXPORTATION D’ANIMAUX". States of Jersey. Diakses tanggal 2 February 2012. 
  6. ^ These are the official languages of the eight jurisdictions within the British Isles. Other languages are spoken, including several other native languages and dialects that have regional or special status.

  7. ^ Thernstrom, Stephan (1980), Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, p. 243, ISBN 0-674-37512-2, Both geographic and historical factors distinguish the Cornish as an ethnic group. 
  8. ^ "British Isles," Encyclopædia Britannica
  9. ^ Oxford English Dictionary: "British Isles: a geographical term for the islands comprising Great Britain and Ireland with all their offshore islands including the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands."
  10. ^ Alan, Lew; Colin, Hall; Dallen, Timothy (2008). World Geography of Travel and Tourism: A Regional Approach. Oxford: Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7506-7978-7. The British Isles comprise more than 6,000 islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe, including the countries of the United Kingdom of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland. The group also includes the United Kingdom crown dependencies of the Isle of Man, and by tradition, the Channel Islands (the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey), even though these islands are strictly speaking an archipelago immediately off the coast of Normandy (France) rather than part of the British Isles. 

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