Kapal induk kelas Invincible

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HMS Invincible in 1990

Kelas Invincible adalah kelas kapal induk ringan dioperasikan oleh Royal Navy. Tiga buah kapal telah dibangun, HMS Invincible, HMS Illustrious dan HMS Ark Royal. Kapal tersebut dibangun sebagai platform aviation-capable anti-submarine warfare (ASW) untuk melawan ancaman kapal selam Perang Dingin Atlantik Utara Soviet, dan awalnya dimulai dengan pesawat Sea Harrier dan helikopter anti-kapal selam Sea King HAS.1.

Tiga kapal telah aktif di sejumlah lokasi, termasuk Atlantik Selatan selama Perang Falklands, Adriatik selama Perang Bosnia, dan di Timur Tengah pada Invasi Irak 2003.

Ships in class[sunting | sunting sumber]

Name Pennant Image Builder Ordered Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Invincible R05 HMS Invincible (R05).jpg Vickers Armstrong, Barrow.[1] 17 April 1973 [1][2] 20 July 1973 [1] 3 May 1977 [1] 11 July 1980 [1] Broken up at Aliağa, 2011
Illustrious R06 HMS Illustrious 1.jpg Swan Hunter, Wallsend [1] 14 May 1976 [1] 7 October 1976 [1] 1 December 1978 [1] 20 June 1982 [1] Decommissioned awaiting disposal.[3]
Ark Royal
(ex-Indomitable)
R07 HMS Ark Royal (R07).jpg Swan Hunter, Wallsend [1] December 1978 [1] 14 December 1978 [1] 2 June 1981 [1] 1 November 1985 [1] Broken up at Aliağa, 2014

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Gardiner, Robert Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, pub Conway Maritime Press, 1995, ISBN 0-85177-605-1 page 501.
  2. ^ Hansard HC Deb 04 March 1977 vol 927 c337W, this lists Invincible as ordered in financial year 1973-74, the explanation for this is given in the following source:
    Hansard HC Deb 24 November 1977 vol 939 cc869-70W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about contracts, 24 November 1977.
    For the first ASW Cruiser (HMS Invincible) the planned order date when tender invited was February 1973. The contract was placed in April 1973.
  3. ^ "Portsmouth-based HMS Illustrious retires from Navy". BBC. 28 August 2014.