Jessie Fauset

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Jessie Redmon Fauset
Berkas:Jessie Redmon Fauset.jpg
Lahir(1882-04-27)27 April 1882
Fredericksville, Camden County, New Jersey
Meninggal30 April 1961(1961-04-30) (umur 79)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Jessie Redmon Fauset (lahir 27 April 1882 – meninggal 30 April 1961 pada umur 79 tahun) adalah seorang editor, penyair, novelis, guru, dan eseis berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat.[1] Sebelum dan sesudah bekerja di The Crisis, perempuan itu, selama beberapa dasawarsa menjalani profesi sebagai guru di sekolah umum di Washington D.C. dan New York City. Di awal kariernya, dia melakukan perjalanan ke Paris pada musim panas dan belajar di La Sorbonne.

Setelah berkontribusi sebagai kolumnis, Fauset menjadi editor sastra di majalah milik NAACP, The Crisis, sejak tahun 1919 sampai dengan 1926, pada masa kejayaan Harlem Renaissance. Selama periode itu, dia memberikan dorongan kepada beberapa penulis muda. Dia juga menjadi editor dan penulis di majalah kaum Afrika-Amerika Serikat, The Brownies' Book. Dia menerbitkan empat novel selama dasawarsa 1920-an dan 1930-an, menggali tentang hidup masyarkat kulit hitam di kelas menengah. Dia anggap sebagai salah satu dari kebanyakan perempuan novelis di Harlem Renaissance, dan mendapatkan julukan "the midwife," berkat perannya membantu pernulis muda. Di sepanjang hidupnya, dia juga menulis esei, puisi, dan cerita fiksi.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Puisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Rondeau." The Crisis. April 1912: 252.
  • "La Vie C'est La Vie." The Crisis. July 1922: 124.
  • "'Courage!' He Said." The Crisis. November 1929: 378

Cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Emmy." The Crisis. December 1912: 79-87; January 1913: 134-142.
  • "My House and a Glimpse of My Life Therein." The Crisis. July 1914: 143-145.
  • "Double Trouble." The Crisis. August 1923: 155-159; September 1923: 205-209.

Esei[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Impressions of the Second Pan-African Congress." The Crisis. November 1921: 12-18.
  • "What Europe Thought of the Pan-African Congress." The Crisis. December 1921: 60-69.
  • "The Gift of Laughter." In Locke, Alaine. The New Negro: An Interpretation. New York: A. and C. Boni, 1925.
  • "Dark Algiers the White." The Crisis. 1925–26 (vol. 29–30): 255–258, 16–22.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Paul, Ruben. "Jessie Redmon Faucet". in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide. Diakses tanggal Sep 20, 2011. 
  2. ^ Gale. "Jessie Redmon Fauset" (PDF). Harlem Renaissance: A Gale Critical Companion. Diakses tanggal Sep 20, 2011. 
  3. ^ Bigelow, Barbara C (1994-01-01). Contemporary Black biography. profiles from the international Black community Volume 7 Volume 7 (dalam bahasa English). Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research Inc. ISBN 9781414435350. 
  4. ^ "Fauset, Jessie R. (1882-1961)". The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. Diakses tanggal 2016-02-24. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Colin A (2006-01-01). Encyclopedia of African-American culture and history: the Black experience in the Americas (dalam bahasa English). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. ISBN 0028658167. 
  6. ^ West, Kathryn (2004). "Fauset, Jessie Redmon". Dalam Wintz, Cary D.; Finkelman, Paul. Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Routledge. 
  7. ^ Carolyn Wedin Sylvander, Jessie Redmon Fauset, Black American Writer.
  8. ^ "Early Black Women at Cornell". rmc.library.cornell.edu. Diakses tanggal 2017-03-11. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Laurie Champion,American Woman Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook.
  • Kevin De Ornellas, Writing African American Women: An Encyclopedia of Literature by and about Women of Color (Greenwood Press, 2006), edited by Elizabeth Ann Beaulieu.
  • Joseph J. Feeny, "Jessie Fauset of The Crisis: Novelist, Feminist, Centenarian" (1983).
  • Henry Louis Gates Jr, Nellie McKay, The Norton Anthology of African American Literature (2004).
  • Abby Arthur Johnson, "Literary Midwife: Jessie Redmon Fauset and the Harlem Renaissance" (1978).
  • Carolyn Wedin Sylvander, Jessie Redmon Fauset, Black American Writer.
  • Allen, Carol. Black Women Intellectuals: Strategies of Nation, Family, and Neighborhood in the Works of Pauline Hopkins, Jessie Fauset, and Marita Bonner. NY: Garland, 1998.
  • Austin, Rhonda. "Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961)." in Champion, Laurie. ed, American Women Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.
  • Calloway, Licia M. Black Family (Dys)Function in Novels by Jessie Fauset, Nella Larsen & Fannie Hurst. NY: Peter Lang, 2003.
  • Harker, Jaime. America the Middlebrow: Women's Novels, Progressivism, and Middlebrow Authorship between the Wars. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 2007.
  • Keyser, Catherine. Playing Smart: New York Women Writers and Modern Magazine Culture. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2010.
  • Olwell, Victoria. The Genius of Democracy: Fictions of Gender and Citizenship in the United States, 1860-1945. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 2011.
  • Tarver, Australia. "'My House and a Glimpse of My Life Therein': Migrating Lives in the Short Fiction of Jessie Fauset." in Tarver, Australia and Barnes, Paula C. eds. New Voices on the Harlem Renaissance: Essays on Race, Gender, and Literary Discourse. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2005.
  • Tomlinson, Susan. "'An Unwonted Coquetry': The Commercial Seductions of Jessie Fauset's The Chinaberry Tree." in Botshon, Lisa and Goldsmith, Meredith. eds. Middlebrow Moderns: Popular American Women Writers of the 1920s. Boston: Northeastern UP, 2003.
  • Wedin Carolyn. Jessie Redmon Fauset, Black American Writer. Troy, N.Y.: Whitston Pub. Co., 1981.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]