Lompat ke isi

Hubungan Amerika Serikat dengan Iran

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Hubungan Iran–Amerika Serikat
Peta memperlihatkan lokasiIran and United States


Amerika Serikat
Misi diplomatik
Seksi Kepentingan di
Kedutaan Besar Pakistan, Washington, D.C.
Seksi Kepentingan di Kedutaan Besar Swiss
Direktur Seksi Kepentingan Mehdi Atefat Perwakilan Khusus Amerika Serikat untuk Iran Robert Malley

Iran dan Amerika Serikat tak memiliki hubungan diplomatik resmi sejak April 1980. Pakistan bertugas sebagai negara pelindung Iran di Amerika Serikat, sementara Swiss bertugas sebagai negara pelindung Amerika Serikat di Iran. Kontak dilakukan melalui Seksi Kepentingan Iran dari Kedubes Pakistan di Washington, D.C.,[1] dan Seksi Kepentingan AS dari Kedubes Swiss di Tehran.[2] Pada Agustus 2018, Pemimpin Tertinggi Iran Ali Khamenei mencekal pembicaraan langsung dengan Amerika Serikat.[3]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Afrasiabi, Kaveh L. and Abbas Maleki, Iran's Foreign Policy After September 11. Booksurge, 2008.
  • Alcaro, Riccardo. "Europe's Defence of the Iran Nuclear Deal: Less than a Success, More than a Failure." International Spectator 56.1 (2021): 55-72 online.
  • Aliyev, Tural. "The Evaluation of the Nuclear Weapon Agreement with Iran in the Perspective of the Difference Between Obama and Trump's Administration." R&S-Research Studies Anatolia Journal 4.1: 30-40. online
  • Bill, James A (1988). The Eagle and the Lion: the tragedy of American-Iranian relationsPerlu mendaftar (gratis). New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press. 
  • Blight, James G. and Janet M. Lang, et al. Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979–1988. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2014.
  • Cottam, Richard W. Iran and the United States: A Cold War Case Study (1988) on the fall of the Shah
  • Crist, David. The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran, Penguin Press, 2012.
  • Emery, Christian. US Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution: The Cold War Dynamics of Engagement and Strategic Alliance. Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
  • Gasiorowski, Mark J. "U.S. Perceptions of the Communist Threat in Iran during the Mossadegh Era." Journal of Cold War Studies 21.3 (2019): 185-221. online
  • Heikal, Mohamed Hassanein. Iran: The Untold Story: An Insider's Account of America's Iranian Adventure and Its Consequences for the Future. New York: Pantheon, 1982.
  • Katzman, Kenneth. Iran: Politics, Human Rights, and U.S. Policy. (2017).
  • Kinch, Penelope. "The Iranian Crisis and the Dynamics of Advice and Intelligence in the Carter Administration." Journal of Intelligence History 6.2 (2006): 75–87.
  • Ledeen, Michael A., and William H. Lewis. "Carter and the fall of the Shah: The inside story." Washington Quarterly 3.2 (1980): 3–40.
  • Mabon, Simon. "Muting the trumpets of sabotage: Saudi Arabia, the US and the quest to securitize Iran." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 45.5 (2018): 742-759. online
  • Moens, Alexander. "President Carter's Advisers and the Fall of the Shah." Political Science Quarterly 106.2 (1991): 211–237. online
  • Mottale, Morris M. Wading Through Conflict: America and the Middle East. Turin, Italy: 2013.
  • Pollack, Kenneth M., Persian Puzzle, The (Saban Center at the Brookings Institution, Random House, 2004).
  • Pop, Ioan, and Mitchell D. Silber. "Iran and Hezbollah's Pre-Operational Modus Operandi in the West." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 44.2 (2021): 156-179. online
  • Saikal, Amin. Iran Rising: The Survival and Future of the Islamic Republic (2019)
  • Shannon, Kelly J. "Approaching the Islamic World". Diplomatic History 44.3 (2020): 387-408, historical focus on US views of Iran.
  • Shannon, Michael K., "American–Iranian Alliances: International Education, Modernization, and Human Rights during the Pahlavi Era," Diplomatic History 39 (Sept. 2015), 661–88.
  • Slavin, Barbara (2007). Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the US, and the Twisted Path to Confrontation. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312368258. OCLC 493683087. 
  • Torbat, Akbar E. "A Glance at US Policies toward Iran: Past A_GLANCE_AT_US_POLICIES_TOWARD_IRAN and Present," Journal of Iranian Research and Analysis, vol. 20, no. 1 (April 2004), pp. 85–94.
  • Waehlisch, Martin. "The Iran-United States Dispute, the Strait of Hormuz, and International Law," Yale Journal of International Law, Vol. 37 (Spring 2012), pp. 23–34.
  • Wise, Harold Lee. Inside the Danger Zone: The U.S. Military in the Persian Gulf 1987–88. (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2007).
  • Wright, Steven. The United States and Persian Gulf Security: The Foundations of the War on Terror. (Ithaca Press, 2007).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]