Henri Pirenne

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Henri Pirenne
Portrait
Portrait
Lahir (1862-12-23)23 Desember 1862
Verviers, Liège, Belgium
Meninggal 25 November 1935(1935-11-25) (umur 72)
Uccle, Brussels, Belgium
Pekerjaan Historian and political activist
Kebangsaan Belgian
Alma mater University of Liège
Aliran sastra Medieval History, Economic History, Belgian history
Karya terkenal Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade (1927)
Mohammed and Charlemagne (1937)
Penghargaan Francqui Prize (1933)

Henri Pirenne (bahasa Perancis: [piʁɛn]; 23 Desember 1862 – 25 Oktober 1935) adalah seorang sejarawan Belgia. Sebagai seorang pakar abad pertengahan keturunan Walloon, ia menulis sejarah multivolume tentang Belgia di Perancis dan menjadi seorang pahlawan nasional. Ia juga merupakan tokoh berpengaruh dalam gerakan bawah tanah non-kekerasan saat bangsa Jerman menduduki Belgia pada Perang Dunia I.

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun-tahun awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pirenne lahir di Verviers.

Di Universitas Liège, ia menjadi murid dari Godefroid Kurth (1847–1916). Ia menjadi Profesor Sejarah di Universitas Ghent pada 1886, sebuah jabatan yang ia pegang sampai akhir karier mengajarnya, pada 1930. Setelah Perang Besar, ia menjadi sejarawan berpengaruh dan terkenal di Belgia, ia meraih sejumlah penghargaan kehormatan

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Pirenne, Henri. Histoire de Belgique (7 vols.) (1899–1932)[1]
  • Templat:Cite doi/10.2307.2F1836443
  • Pirenne, Henri. Belgian Democracy, Its Early History (1910, 1915)[2] 250 pp. History of towns in the Low Countries online free
  • Pirenne, Henri. "The Stages in the Social History of Capitalism", The American Historical Review, 19:494, April 1914 in JSTOR[3]
  • Pirenne, Henri. Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade (1927)[4]
  • Pirenne, Henri. A History of Europe (1936).[5]
  • Pirenne, Henri. Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe (1936)[6]
  • Pirenne, Henri. Mohammed and Charlemagne (1937)[7]
  • Pirenne, Henri. "Reflexions d'un Solitaire". (edited by Jacques-Henri Pirenne) in Bulletin De La Commission Royale D'histoire 1994 160(3-4): 143-257. Issn: 0001-415x.[8] First publication of his wartime prison journal.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Paul Fredericq – sejarawan, yang dianggap sebagai orang Flemish yang setara dengan Pirenne

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Peter. "Mohammed and Charlemagne by Henri Pirenne." Daedalus 1974 103(1): 25-33. Issn: 0011-5266
  • Cate, James L. "Henri Pirenne (1862-1935)," in S. William Halperin, ed. Some 20th Century Historians-essays on Eminent Europeans, (1961) 1-30.
  • Frank, Kenneth W. "Pirenne Again: A Muslim Viewpoint," The History Teacher, Vol. 26, No. 3 (May 1993), pp. 371–383 in JSTOR
  • Ganshof, F. L. "Henri Pirenne and Economic History." Economic History Review 1936 6(2): 179-185. Issn: 0013-0117 Fulltext: [ in Jstor]
  • Havighurst, Alfred F. ed. The Pirenne Thesis: Analysis, Criticism, and Revision (1958) readings by scholars
  • Hodges, Richard and David Whitehouse (1983). Mohammed, Charlemagne, and the origins of Europe. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9262-9. Influential analysis of the Pirenne Thesis and the role of recent archaeological findings.
  • Lyon, Bryce. Henri Pirenne: A Biographical and Intellectual Study (1974)
  • Lyon, Bryce. "The Letters of Henri Pirenne to Karl Lamprecht (1894-1915)." Bulletin De La Commission Royale D'histoire 1966 132(2): 161–231.
  • Brown, Elizabeth A. R. "Henri Pirenne: a Biographical and Intellectual Study." History and Theory 1976 15(1): 66-76. review of Lyon in Jstor
  • McCormick, Michael (2001). Origins of the European Economy: Communications and Commerce, 300-900. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66102-1. A reexamination of the Pirenne Thesis.
  • Powicke, F. M. "Henri Pirenne," The English Historical Review, Vol. 51, No. 201 (January 1936), pp. 79–89 in JSTOR
  • Tollebeek, Jo. "At the crossroads of nationalism: Huizinga, Pirenne and the Low Countries in Europe," European Review of History (2010) 17#2 pp. 187–215.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]