Harold Bloom

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Harold Bloom
Bloom pada 1986
Bloom pada 1986
Lahir(1930-07-11)11 Juli 1930
New York City, AS
Meninggal14 Oktober 2019(2019-10-14) (umur 89)
New Haven, Connecticut, AS
PekerjaanKritikus sastra, penulis, profesor
PendidikanUniversitas Cornell (BA)
Universitas Yale (MA, PhD)
Pembroke College, Cambridge
Aliran sastraEstetika, Romantisisme
Tahun aktif1955–2019
Pasangan
Jeanne Gould
(m. 1958)
Anak2

Harold Bloom (11 Juli 1930 – 14 Oktober 2019) adalah seorang kritikus sastra Amerika dan Profesor Sterling ilmu Humaniora di Universitas Yale.[1] Pada tahun 2017, Bloom dianggap sebagai "kritikus sastra paling terkenal di dunia berbahasa Inggris."[2] Setelah penerbitan buku pertamanya pada tahun 1959, Bloom menulis lebih dari 50 buku,[3] termasuk lebih dari 40 buku kritik sastra, beberapa buku yang membahas agama, dan sebuah novel. Sepanjang hidupnya, ia mengedit ratusan antologi mengenai berbagai tokoh sastra dan filsafat untuk perusahaan penerbitan Chelsea House.[4] Buku-buku Bloom telah diterjemahkan ke dalam lebih dari 40 bahasa. Bloom terpilih menjadi anggota American Philosophical Society pada tahun 1995. [5]

Bloom adalah pendukung kanon Barat tradisional pada saat fakultas sastra berfokus pada apa yang dia cemooh sebagai "mazhab kebencian" (multikulturalis, feminis, Marxis, dan lain-lain).[6] Ia adalah lulusan Universitas Yale, Universitas Cambridge, dan Universitas Cornell.

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Shelley's Mythmaking. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959.
  • The Visionary Company: A Reading of English Romantic Poetry. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1961. Revised and enlarged edn. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971.
  • Blake's Apocalypse: A Study in Poetic Argument. Anchor Books: New York: Doubleday and Co., 1963.
  • The Literary Criticism of John Ruskin.; edited with introduction. New York: DoubleDay, 1965.
  • Walter Pater: Marius the Epicurean; edition with introduction. New York: New American Library, 1970.
  • Romanticism and Consciousness: Essays in Criticism.; edited with introduction. New York: Norton, 1970.
  • Yeats. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. ISBN 0-19-501603-3
  • The Ringers in the Tower: Studies in Romantic Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.
  • The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973; 2nd edn, 1997. ISBN 0-19-511221-0
  • The Selected Writings of Walter Pater; edition with introduction and notes. New York: New American Library, 1974.
  • A Map of Misreading. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.
  • Kabbalah and Criticism. New York : Seabury Press, 1975. ISBN 0-8264-0242-9
  • Poetry and Repression: Revisionism from Blake to Stevens. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.
  • Figures of Capable Imagination. New York: Seabury Press, 1976.
  • Wallace Stevens: The Poems of our Climate. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1977.
  • Deconstruction and Criticism. New York: Seabury Press, 1980.
  • The Flight to Lucifer: A Gnostic Fantasy. New York: Vintage Books, 1980. ISBN 0-394-74323-7
  • Agon: Towards a Theory of Revisionism. New York : Oxford University Press, 1982.
  • The Breaking of the Vessels. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • The Poetics of Influence: New and Selected Criticism. New Haven: Henry R. Schwab, 1988.
  • Ruin the Sacred Truths: Poetry and Belief from the Bible to the Present. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989.
  • The Book of J: Translated from the Hebrew by David Rosenberg; Interpreted by Harold Bloom. New York: Grove Press, 1990 ISBN 0-8021-4191-9
  • The Gospel of Thomas: The Hidden Sayings of Jesus; translation with introduction, critical edition of the Coptic text and notes by Marvin Meyer, with an interpretation by Harold Bloom. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992.
  • The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation; Touchstone Books; ISBN 0-671-86737-7 (1992; August 1993)
  • The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1994.
  • Omens of Millennium: The Gnosis of Angels, Dreams, and Resurrection. New York: Riverhead Books, 1996.
  • Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: 1998. ISBN 1-57322-751-X
  • How to Read and Why. New York: 2000. ISBN 0-684-85906-8
  • Stories and Poems for Extremely Intelligent Children of All Ages. New York: 2001.
  • El futur de la imaginació (The Future of the Imagination). Barcelona: Anagrama / Empúries, 2002. ISBN 84-7596-927-5
  • Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds. New York: 2003. ISBN 0-446-52717-3
  • Hamlet: Poem Unlimited. New York: 2003.
  • The Best Poems of the English Language: From Chaucer Through Frost. New York: 2004. ISBN 0-06-054041-9
  • Where Shall Wisdom Be Found? New York: 2004. ISBN 1-57322-284-4
  • Jesus and Yahweh: The Names Divine. 2005. ISBN 1-57322-322-0
  • American Religious Poems: An Anthology By Harold Bloom. 2006. ISBN 1-931082-74-X
  • Fallen Angels, illustrated by Mark Podwal. Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-300-12348-5
  • Till I End My Song: A Gathering of Last Poems Harper, 2010. ISBN 0-06-192305-2
  • The Anatomy of Influence: Literature as a Way of Life. Yale University Press, 2011. ISBN 0-300-16760-1
  • The Shadow of a Great Rock: A Literary Appreciation of The King James Bible. Yale University Press, 2011. ISBN 0-300-16683-4
  • The Daemon Knows: Literary Greatness and the American Sublime. Spiegel & Grau, 2015. ISBN 0-812-99782-4
  • Falstaff: Give Me Life. Scribner, 2017. ISBN 978-1-5011-6413-2
  • Cleopatra: I Am Fire and Air. Scribner, 2017. ISBN 978-1-5011-6416-3
  • Lear: The Great Image of Authority. Scribner, 2018. ISBN 978-1-5011-6419-4
  • Iago: The Strategies of Evil. Scribner, 2018. ISBN 978-1-5011-6422-4
  • Macbeth: A Dagger of the Mind. Scribner, 2019. ISBN 978-1-5011-6425-5
  • Possessed by Memory: The Inward Light of Criticism. Knopf, 2019. ISBN 978-0-5255-2088-7
  • Take Arms Against a Sea of Troubles: The Power of the Reader’s Mind Over a Universe of Death. Yale, 2020. ISBN 978-0300247282
  • The Bright Book of Life: Novels to Read and Re-read. Knopf, 2020. ISBN 978-0525657262

Artikel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Faculty - English". Yale University. Diakses tanggal March 27, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Harold Bloom". Oxford Bibliographies. Diakses tanggal April 2, 2021. 
  3. ^ Miller, Mary Alice. "How Harold Bloom Selected His Top 12 American Authors". Vanity Fair. Diakses tanggal March 27, 2018. 
  4. ^ Romano, Carlin (April 24, 2011). "Harold Bloom by the Numbers – The Chronicle Review". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Diakses tanggal June 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Diakses tanggal 2021-12-20. 
  6. ^ Redfield, Marc (2003). "Literature, Incorporated". Dalam Herman, Peter C. Historicizing Theory. New York City: SUNY Press. hlm. 210. ISBN 978-0-7914-5962-1. 

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