Great Eastern Main Line

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Great Eastern Main Line
360108 at Marks Tey.jpg
Ikhtisar
JenisAntarkota, kereta komuter
SistemNational Rail
StatusBeroperasi
LokasiLondon Raya
Inggris Timur
TerminusLondon Liverpool Street
51°31′08″N 0°04′53″W / 51.5188°N 0.0815°W / 51.5188; -0.0815 (Great Eastern Main Line, London terminus)
Norwich
52°37′36″N 1°18′24″E / 52.6267°N 1.3067°E / 52.6267; 1.3067 (Great Eastern Main Line, Norwich terminus)
Stasiun27
Operasi
Dibuka1862
PemilikNetwork Rail
OperatorGreater Anglia
TfL Rail
c2c (terbatas)
DepotNorwich Crown Point
Clacton-on-Sea
Ilford
Colchester
Rangkaian
Data teknis
Panjang lintas114 mil 40 chain (184,3 km)
Jenis rel2–6
Lebar sepur1.435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) sepur standar
Lebar sepur sebelumnya5 ft (1.524 mm) until 1844
ElektrifikasiMk1 dan GEFF 25kV 50hz AC OHLE
Kecepatan operasi100 mph (160 km/h)
Great Eastern Main Line
Norwich
114-40
Trowse Bridge
over River Wensum
Trowse
Norwich Victoria
Swainsthorpe
Flordon
Forncett
Tivetshall
Burston
Diss
94-43
Mellis
Finningham
Haughley
Stowmarket
80-09
Needham Market
77-07
Claydon
Bramford
East Suffolk line to Lowestoft and
Felixstowe branch line to Felixstowe
Ipswich Goods Yard
to Lower Yard
and Ipswich Docks
Ipswich
68-59
Stoke tunnel (
16 ch
320 m
)
Ipswich Stoke Hill
Griffin Wharf branch
(freight only)
Bentley Church
Bentley
Manningtree
59-35
Ardleigh
Colchester
51-52
Marks Tey
46-49
Kelvedon & Tollesbury Lt Rly
to Tollesbury Pier
Kelvedon
42-18
Witham
38-48
Hatfield Peverel
35-74
Beaulieu
(planned)
Chelmsford
29-60
Chelmsford Viaduct
Ingatestone
23-50
Shenfield Jct
Shenfield
20-16
Brentwood
18-16
Harold Wood
14-76
Gidea Park
13-41
Romford London Overground
12-30
Romford OHL depot
Crowlands
Chadwell Heath
9-79
Goodmayes
9-23
Seven Kings
8-46
Fairlop Loop
(junction now site of Ilford depot)
Ilford
7-29
Ilford flyover
Manor Park
6-20
Forest Gate Jct
to Gospel Oak to Barking line
Forest Gate
5-21
Maryland
4-39
Temple Mills branch line
to West Anglia Main Line
Stratford London Underground Docklands Light Railway London Overground
4-03
Bow Midland Yard
Crossrail
(under construction)
Temple Mills line
Bow Jct
Coborn Road
Globe Road & Devonshire Street
Bethnal Green East Jct
West Anglia Main Line and
Lea Valley lines
Bethnal Green
1-10
 
Bethnal Green
West Jct
 
Bishopsgate
Wheler Street Jct
Liverpool Street London Underground London Overground
0-0
2
1
3
1 Suburban line
2 Main line
3 Electric line
 

Great Eastern Main Line (GEML, kadang disebut East Anglia Main Line) adalah jalur kereta api besar sepanjang 114,5-mil (184,3 km) dalam sistem kereta api Britania Raya yang menghubungkan stasiun Liverpool Street di London Pusat dengan sejumlah tempat di London timur dan Inggris Timur, termasuk Shenfield, Chelmsford, Colchester, Ipswich, dan Norwich. Cabang-cabangnya juga menghubungkan jalur utama dengan Southminster, Braintree, Sudbury, Harwich, dan beberapa kota pesisir seperti Southend-on-Sea, Clacton-on-Sea, Walton-on-the-Naze, dan Lowestoft.[1]

Pengguna utama layanan ini adalah penumpang yang pulang-pergi ke London, terutama City of London yang dilayani stasiun Liverpool Street, dan berbagai daerah di London timur seperti distrik keuangan Docklands lewat relasi London Underground dan Docklands Light Railway di Stratford. Jalur ini juga sering digunakan oleh pelancong karena berhenti di sejumlah resor pesisir, pusat perbelanjaan, dan pedesaan. Rute ini juga menjadi arteri utama bagi kereta barang dari/ke Felixstowe dan Harwich lewat jalur cabangnya masing-masing. Kereta dari Southend Airport juga berangkat ke London melalui GEML.[2]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peta rute:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ National Rail, Rail Services Around London & the South East, (2006)
  2. ^ Network Rail Diarsipkan 15 December 2006 di Wayback Machine. - Route 7 - Great Eastern (PDF)

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Allen, Geoffrey Freeman (January 1983). "It's 'Go' for the Great Eastern - at last!". Rail Enthusiast. EMAP National Publications. hlm. 41–43. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965. 
  • Allen, David (28 January – 10 February 1998). "Resignalling the Great Eastern". RAIL. No. 323. EMAP Apex Publications. hlm. 28–33. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.