Gerakan pengekangan diri

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The Drunkard's Progress: karya Nathaniel Currier 1846

Gerakan pengekangan diri adalah sebuah gerakan sosial melawan konsumsi minuman beralkohol. Para anggota gerakan tersebut biasanya mengkritik efek mabuk dari alkohol atau mempromosikan pantangan penuh (teetotalisme), dengan para pemimpinnya memajukan efek negatif alkohol pada kesehatan, kepribadian, dan kehidupan keluarga.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Harrison, Brian (1971), Drink & the Victorians, the Temperance question in England 1815–1872, Faber and Faber 
  • Heath, Dwight B. (1995), International Handbook on Alcohol and Culture 
  • James, Gary (2009), The Big Book of City, James Ward 
  • Jensen, Richard (1971), The Winning of the Midwest, Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896, University of Chicago Press 
  • "'Yours for the Oppressed': The Life of Jehiel C. Beman Kathleen Housleyn", The Journal of Negro History, 77 (1): 17–29, 1992 
  • McConnell, D. W. (1933), "Temperance Movements", dalam Seligman, Edwin R. A.; Johnson, Alvin, Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 
  • Odegard, Peter H. (1928), Pressure Politics: The Story of the Anti-Saloon League 
  • Seabury, Olive (2007), The Carlisle State Management Scheme: A 60 year experiment in Regulation of the Liquor Trade, Bookcase Carlisle 
  • Sheehan, Nancy M. (1981), "The WCTU and education: Canadian-American illustrations", Journal of the Midwest History of Education Society: 115–33 
  • Smith, Rebecca (1993), The Temperance Movement and Class Struggle in Victorian England, Loyola University 
  • Tyrrell, Ian (1991), Woman's World/Woman's Empire: The Woman's Christian Temperance Union in International Perspective, 1880–1930, University of North Carolina Press 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]