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GAC Group

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Guangzhou Automobile Group
Co., Ltd.
Kode emitenSEHK2238, SSE: 601238
Didirikan1955; 69 tahun lalu (1955)[1]
Wilayah operasi
Qing Hong Zheng (Chairman) (acting)
ProdukCommercial vehicles
Passenger cars
Automotive components
2,100,000 units (2021) [2]
JasaVehicle leasing
After-sale services
Vehicle finance
Pendapatan12,964 million (2012)[3]
1,134 million (2012)[3]
IndukGuangzhou Automobile Industry Group
Denway Motors
GAC Changfeng Motor
Situs webgac.com.cn
GAC Group
Hanzi sederhana: 广州汽车集团股份有限公司
Hanzi tradisional: 廣州汽車集團股份有限公司
Makna harfiah: Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd.
GAC Group
Hanzi sederhana: 广州汽车集团股份有限公司
Hanzi tradisional: 廣州汽車集團股份有限公司
Makna harfiah: Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd.

GAC Group adalah sebuah produsen mobil Tiongkok yang berkantor pusat di Guangzhou, Guangdong, dan merupakan anak perusahaan dari Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group.

GAC menjual mobil penumpang di bawah merek Trumpchi, mobil penumpang dan kendaraan komersial di bawah merek Gonow (sekarang dihentikan), SUV di bawah merek Changfeng Motor, mobil listrik di bawah merek Aion, dan bus di bawah merek GAC Bus. GAC menghasilkan 728.000 kendaraan pada 2012, dan merupakan volume terbesar kesepuluh. Ini adalah produsen mobil penumpang terbesar keenam di antara produsen mobil Tiongkok.[4] Walaupun perusahaan ini terutama berfokus pada kendaraan konsumen, itu memproduksi bus penumpang besar dan truk komersial.

History[sunting | sunting sumber]

Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd. was founded in 1955,[1] and in 2005[5] become a holding of Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group[6] and a joint-stock company.[7] As of 2009 it was the 6th-largest automaker in China.[8]

In 2009, the company acquired 29% of the Chinese sport-utility vehicle maker Changfeng Automobile, becoming its biggest shareholder.[9] GAC purchased the remaining portion of Changfeng in 2011 completing its acquisition of the company.[10]

Previously a backdoor listing via Denway Motors,[8] GAC became listed under its own name on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong in 2010.[9] In that year shareholders of Denway Motors approved its privatization by GAC.[11] Denway Motors was subsequently delisted on 25 August 2010 and replaced by Guangzhou Automobile Group (SEHK2238) on 30 August 2010 via stock swap.[9]

In late 2010 GAC purchased 51% ownership of Gonow, a midsize Chinese automaker of sport-utility vehicles, subcompacts, and pickup trucks.[9]

In December 2010 GAC launched the new Trumpchi marque. Its initial product was based on the Alfa Romeo 166.[12][13]

In 2010 GAC was among the ten largest Chinese carmakers[14] reaching number six[15] and selling 724,200 vehicles.[16]

2011 saw the company retain its position as the sixth-largest Chinese automaker by production volume, with GAC making 740,400 vehicles in that year.[17]

In early 2012, the company was listed on the Shanghai Stock exchange.[18]

Product[sunting | sunting sumber]

Model[sunting | sunting sumber]

Trumpchi is an automotive marque owned by GAC Group and launched in December 2010.

Aion[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC New Energy Automobile Co is the NEV arm of GAC. GAC New Energy produces their own EV brand, Aion.

Hycan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hycan is a brand by GAC-NIO New Energy Technology Co., Ltd., a joint venture between Chinese automobile manufacturers GAC Group and Nio Inc., founded in April 2019 to produce electric vehicles. In early 2021, GAC took a controlling stake in the company, diluting Nio's share to 4.5%

Changfeng Motor (Leopaard) (discontinued)[sunting | sunting sumber]

In 2009, GAC owned 29% ownership of this SUV-maker[19][20] a purchase supposedly imposed by the Chinese state as a condition of a then-upcoming joint venture with Fiat.[21] GAC completed its acquisition of Changfeng in 2011.[10] In 2012 Changfeng Group began moves to re-enter the vehicle business culminating in the move to a new headquarters in Changsha in January 2013 and the establishment of a new subsidiary, Hunan Liebao Automobile Co. Ltd., alongside the continuing Anhui Changfeng Yangzi Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd., to oversea manufacturing and marketing of vehicles under the Liebao or "Leopaard" brand.[22]

Gonow (discontinued)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gonow (officially Zhejiang Gonow Auto Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles, commercial vehicles and SUV's headquartered in Taizhou, Zhejiang and a subsidiary of GAC Group. It markets its products under the brand name GAC Gonow in China and as Gonow in other markets.

Joint venture brands[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC Honda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Guangqi Honda is a 50:50 joint venture between GAC and Honda,[23] which has been making a number of Honda and Acura-branded vehicles for the Chinese market since 1999. It started sales of its own brand, Everus in 2011.[24]

GAC Wuyang-Honda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wuyang-Honda markets Honda Motorcycles for the Chinese market.[25]

GAC Mitsubishi[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC Mitsubishi Motors is a joint venture between GAC and the Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors. It became operational in September 2012 following a late 2010 memorandum of understanding.[26]

GAC Toyota[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. is a 50:50 joint venture between GAC and Toyota Motor Company which manufactures Toyota vehicles for the Chinese market. It was founded in 2004 and is headquartered in Guangzhou.[27]

GAC Hino[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC Hino is a joint venture between Hino and GAC aimed at producing Hino-based trucks.

GAC BYD[sunting | sunting sumber]

GAC BYD is a joint venture between GAC (49%) and BYD (51%) to produce BYD-designed buses under GAC's brand name.[28][29]

Former joint ventures[sunting | sunting sumber]

Guangzhou Isuzu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Guangzhou Isuzu Bus Co., Ltd. was a coach manufacturing joint venture between GAC (51%), Isuzu Motors (33.67%) and Isuzu (China) Investment Co., Ltd. (15.33%) that was established on 6 March 2000.[30] Isuzu light trucks and buses were also built by Guangzhou Yangcheng Automobile (羊城汽车), a joint venture with Hong Kong China Lounge Logistics. Their light trucks are based on the Isuzu Elf and are marketed under the "YCACO" brand. Yangcheng's various bus building operations were merged with Guangzhou Isuzu Bus and Denway into the Guangzhou Bus Co., Ltd. in September 2008.[31] At the same time, Guangzhou Yangcheng's truck making arm was merged into Guangzhou Hino.[31]

Guangzhou Peugeot[sunting | sunting sumber]

One of the first Sino-western joint venture auto-making companies,[32] Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Co. Ltd. was a joint venture set up by PSA Peugeot Citroën and the Guangzhou Municipal government between 1985[33] and 1997.[32] Over its eleven-year lifespan,[34] the company produced about 100,000 cars.[34]

Sales began in 1989 mainly as automobiles for government officials and taxis.[35] Its model line comprised the Peugeot 505 and 504.[36]

GAC Stellantis/Fiat Chrysler[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fiat signed on to a joint venture with GAC on 6 July 2009,[37][38] and GAC FIAT Automobiles Co Ltd was incorporated on 9 March 2010.[39] The new company has a production base in Changsha, Hunan Province,[40] that opened on 28 June 2012[41] to manufacture the Fiat Viaggio.[42]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Milestones Diarsipkan 2011-04-26 di Wayback Machine. Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group Official Site
  2. ^ "Autoline Daily". Diakses tanggal 3 March 2022. 
  3. ^ a b "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd. 2012. Diakses tanggal 2014-02-18. 
  4. ^ "2012年12月分车型前十家生产企业销量排名". China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 2013-01-14. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-01-15. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-15. 
  5. ^ Company Profile [pranala nonaktif] Guangzhou Automobile Group Official Site (Text-only Google cache)
  6. ^ Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd. businessweek.com, Company Snapshot
  7. ^ Home > About us > Company Profile Diarsipkan 2012-04-15 di Wayback Machine. Guangzhou Automobile Group Co Ltd Official Site
  8. ^ a b "HK float for Guangzhou Auto". 1HangZhou. 2010-01-23. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-13. 
  9. ^ a b c d Joanne Chiu and Norihiko Shirouzu (2010-07-16). "Denway Motors's Shareholders Approve Share Swap". The Wall Street Journal. 
  10. ^ a b Lee, Carmen (February 10, 2012). "GAC Group's application to acquire Changfeng gains written approval". Automotive News. gasgoo.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal December 2, 2013. Diakses tanggal June 23, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Denway Motors gets nod for privatisation". Reuters.com. 2010-07-16. Diakses tanggal 2010-10-25. 
  12. ^ "GAC's first own-brand car". People's Daily. 2010-09-06. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-27. 
  13. ^ "Guangzhou Auto Show: Guangzhou Auto Trumpchi Listed & Priced". Car News China. 2010-12-20. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-27. 
  14. ^ "Sales surge, but congestion concerns rise". people.com.cn. 2010-11-15. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-14. 
  15. ^ "GAC listed after 8-year marathon". people.com.cn. 2010-09-06. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-14. 
  16. ^ "China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars?". thetruthaboutcars.com. 2011-01-19. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-14. 
  17. ^ 2011年前十家乘用车生产企业销量排名 [2011 Top Ten Automobile Manufacturers by Sales]. China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 2012-01-20. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2012-08-20. 
  18. ^ "Guangzhou Auto floats on SSE, completes dual-listing". China Economic Review. 2012-03-30. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2016-03-04. Diakses tanggal 2012-08-04. 
  19. ^ Fang Yan; Edmund Klamann (2009-05-19). "UPDATE 1-Guangzhou Auto to buy into Changfeng Motor". reuters.com. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-14. 
  20. ^ Fang Yan; Jacqueline Wong (2009-11-10). "UPDATE 2-Changan Auto claims China's No.3 spot with AVIC deal". reuters.com. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-14. 
  21. ^ Wong, Kandy (2010-01-30). "Mainland carmakers to merge with rivals and stop overcapacity". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 
  22. ^ "LieBao Vehicle official website". 
  23. ^ Leung, Alison (2009-11-22). "China's Guangqi Honda at 95 pct of 2009 sales target". reuters.com. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-13. 
  24. ^ Kim, Chang-Ran (2010-12-17). "Honda targets China sales of 730,000 units in 2011". reuters.com. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-13. 
  25. ^ "五羊-本田摩托(广州)有限公司". www.wuyang-honda.com. Diakses tanggal 2021-08-30. 
  26. ^ For start of operations, see "Production and Sales of Pajero Sport Midsize SUV Begins in China". Press Release. Mitsubishi Motors. September 30, 2013. Diakses tanggal 10 October 2013. 
  27. ^ "GAC-Toyota rolls off one millionth car in China". China Automotive Review. 2011-09-08. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-12. 
  28. ^ "BYD, GAC to form EV joint venture". Automotive News (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2013-11-26. Diakses tanggal 2021-08-30. 
  29. ^ "GB Bus Official Website". 
  30. ^ "Guangzhou Isuzu Bus Co., Ltd". GAC Group. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-12.  [pranala nonaktif permanen]
  31. ^ a b "Guangzhou Auto's bus company unveiled". China Daily. 2008-09-18. Diakses tanggal 2014-01-08. 
  32. ^ a b Changing lanes in China: foreign direct investment, local government, and auto sector development (page 137) Eric Thun. Cambridge University Press, 2006. 326 pages.
  33. ^ China CEO: a case guide for business leaders in China (page 78) Juan Antonio Fernandez, Liu Shengjun. John Wiley and Sons, 2007. 286 pages.
  34. ^ a b China CEO: a case guide for business leaders in China (page 86) Juan Antonio Fernandez, Liu Shengjun. John Wiley and Sons, 2007. 286 pages.
  35. ^ Fernandez and Liu, p. 79
  36. ^ Changing lanes in China: foreign direct investment, local government, and auto sector development (page 138) Eric Thun. Cambridge University Press, 2006. 326 pages.
  37. ^ "广汽菲亚特" [Guangzhou Automobile Fiat]. Gacfiatauto.com. 2012-04-03. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2012-04-21. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-13. 
  38. ^ Rowley, Ian (2009-07-07). "Fiat Focuses on China". businessweek.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 10 July 2009. 
  39. ^ Company Profile Diarsipkan 2012-03-22 di Wayback Machine. GAC Fiat Official Site
  40. ^ Han, Tianyang (2009-11-30). "GAC-Fiat ceremony heralds joint venture". China Daily. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-12. 
  41. ^ "Fiat opens new Chinese plant to produce Viaggio". MSNBC. 2012-06-28. Diakses tanggal 2012-07-10.  [pranala nonaktif]
  42. ^ "2013 Fiat Viaggio". Car and Driver. April 2012. Diakses tanggal 2012-07-10. 

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