Friedrich Holderlin

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (UK /ˈhɜːldərln/, US /ˈhʌl-/ ;[1] Jerman: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈhœldɐliːn] ; 20 Maret 1770 – 7 Juni 1843) adalah seorang penyair dan filsuf Jerman. Digambarkan oleh Norbert von Hellingrath sebagai "orang Jerman yang paling Jerman", Hölderlin adalah tokoh kunci dalam Romantisisme Jerman.[2] Karena pengaruh filosofisnya terhadap Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel dan Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, ia juga merupakan pemikir penting dalam perkembangan Idealisme Jerman.[3][4][5][6]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Templat:Cite RDPCE
  2. ^ Warminski, Andrzej (1987). Readings in Interpretation: Hölderlin, Hegel, Heidegger. Theory and History of Literature. 26. U of Minnesota Press. hlm. 209. 
  3. ^ Beiser, Frederick C., ed. (1993). The Cambridge Companion to Hegel. Cambridge University Press. hlm. 419. ISBN 978-1-139-82495-8. 
  4. ^ "Because of his small philosophical output, it is important to indicate in what way Hölderlin's ideas have influenced his contemporaries and later thinkers. It was Hölderlin whose ideas showed Hegel that he could not continue to work on the applications of philosophy to politics without first addressing certain theoretical issues. In 1801, this led Hegel to move to Jena where he was to write the Phenomenology of Spirit.... Schelling's early work amounts to a development of Hölderlin's concept of Being in terms of a notion of a prior identity of thought and object in his Philosophy of Identity." Christian J. Onof, "Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin", Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Accessed 15 January 2011.
  5. ^ "Hegel is completely dependent on Hölderlin—on his early efforts to grasp speculatively the course of human life and the unity of its conflicts, on the vividness with which Hölderlin's friends made his insight fully convincing, and also certainly on the integrity with which Hölderlin sought to use that insight to preserve his own inwardly torn life." Dieter Henrich, The Course of Remembrance and Other Essays on Hölderlin, Ed. Eckart Förster (Stanford: Stanford University, 1997) p. 139.
  6. ^ "Indeed, the Pietistic Horizon extended for generations up to and including the time when Hegel, together with his friends Hölderlin and Schelling, spent quiet hours strolling along the banks of the Neckar receiving the theological education they would eventually challenge and transform through the grand tradition now known as German Idealism." Alan Olson, Hegel and the Spirit. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), p. 39.