Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell

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Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell

Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, CH, PC, FRS[1] (/ˈɑːrwɛl/ CHAR-wel; lahir 5 April 1886 – meninggal 3 Juli 1957 pada umur 71 tahun) adalah seorang fisikawan Inggris dan penasehat saintifik berpengaruh untuk pemerintah Inggris dari awal 1940an sampai awal 1950an, terutama Winston Churchill. Ia mengadvokasikan pengeboman "area" atau "pengeboman strategis" kota-kota dan tempat-tempat sipil Jerman pada Perang Dunia Kedua

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Farren, W.; Thomson, G. P. (1958). "Frederick Alexander Lindemann, Viscount Cherwell 1886–1957". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4: 45. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1958.0005. JSTOR 769499. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber sekunder[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Obituary: The Times, 4 July 1957
  • Obituary: Nature 180, 579–581.
  • The London Gazette
  • Farmelo, Graham (2013). Churchill's Bomb: How the United States Overtook Britain in the First Nuclear Arms Race. Basic Books. 
  • Furneaux-Smith, Earl of Birkenhead, Frederick (1961). The Professor in Two Worlds: The Official Life of Professor F. A. Lindemann Viscount Cherwell. London & Glasgow: Collins Clear-Type Press. 
  • Harrod, R. F. (1959). The Prof: A Personal Memoir of Lord Cherwell. London: Macmillan. 
  • Jones, R. V. (1978). Most Secret War: British Scientific Intelligence. London: Hamish Hamilton. 
  • Macrae, Stuart (1971). Winston Churchill's Toyshop. Roundwood Press. SBN 900093-22-6. 
  • Mukerjee, Madhusree (2010). Churchill's Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India during World War II. New York City: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00201-6. LCCN 2010003803. OCLC 768097130.  (Lord Cherwell's role in the Bengal famine of 1943)
  • Snow, C. P. (1961). Science and Government. London: Harvard University Press. 
  • Washburn, Edward Wight (1921). An Introduction to the Principles of Physical Chemistry (edisi ke-2). New York: McGraw-Hill. hlm. 304.  For the Nernst-Lindemann melting point equation.
  • Wilson, Thomas (1995). Churchill and the Prof. Cassell. ISBN 0-304-34615-2. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]