Dominique Jean Larrey

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Potret Dominique-Jean Larrey, 1804, dilukis oleh saudari iparnya, Marie-Guillemine Benoist
Nisan Larrey di Pemakaman Père-Lachaise, Paris (divisi ke-XXXVII)

Dominique-Jean Larrey, baron Larrey, adalah seorang dokter dan ahli bedah militer Prancis. Lahir 8 Juli 1766 di Beaudéan dan meninggal pada 25 Juli 1842 di Lyon. Kepala ahli bedah Grande Armée, dia dijuluki sebagai bapak UGD. Dominique Larrey mengikuti Napoleon Bonaparte dalam semua kampanyenya. Dia adalah pelopor dalam bidang bantuan luka di medan perang, berlatih perawatan lapangan sedini mungkin, menggunakan ambulans bedah bergerak.

Putra Jean Larrey, ahli pembuat sepatu, ia lahir di desa kecil Beaudéan di Hautes-Pyrénées. Tempat kelahirannya masih ada di jalan utama desa, dan telah menjadi museum.[1] Yatim piatu pada usia 13 tahun, Larrey dibesarkan oleh pamandanya Alexis Larrey, ahli bedah dari Rumah Sakit La Grave di Toulouse dan pendiri rumah sakit militer pertama di kota ini.[2] Setelah enam tahun magang, ia pergi ke Paris untuk belajar kedokteran dengan Pierre Joseph Desault, kepala ahli bedah Hôtel-Dieu. Dia menikahi seorang pelukis Marie-Élisabeth Laville-Leroux.[3],

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Relation historique et chirurgicale de l’expédition de l’armée d’orient, en Egypte et en Syrie. Demonville, Paris 1803.
  • Mémoires de chirurgie militaire, et campagnes. J. Smith, Paris 1812. (digitalized books: Volume1, Volume 2, Volume 3)
    • Richard H. Willmott: Memoirs of military surgery. Cushing, Baltimore 1814. (volumes 1–3, digitalized book)
    • John C. Mercer: Surgical memoirs of the campaigns of Russia, Germany, and France. Carey & Lea, Philadelphia 1832. (volume 4, digitalized Book)

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ A3w - Générateur WEB
  2. ^ Ini adalah bekas rumah sakit Larrey, aktif hingga 1980-an dan pendirian rumah sakit Hippolyte-Larrey, rumah sakit tentara (CHA), pada 1984. Yang terakhir tutup pada 2000 dan Rumah Sakit Larrey kemudian dibentuk sebagai bagian dari Rumah Sakit Pusat Universitas (CHU). Jadi, jika untuk sementara waktu, salah satu rumah sakit di Toulouse hanya menyandang nama Hippolyte Larrey, putra Dominique dan dokter Napoleon III, yang terakhir sekarang menyandang namanya sendiri dan ayahandanya.
  3. ^ AD75 V10E7 - Tabel pernikahan perceraian di Paris pada 1793 hingga 1802 https://www.geneanet.org/archives/registres/view/33677/252

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Patung perunggunya, dipahat oleh David D'Angers pada 1843, berdiri di halaman di luar rumah sakit militer Val-de-Grâce, tempat Larrey menjadi profesor pada 1796
  • Baker D, Cazalaà JB, Carli P (September 2005), "Resuscitation great. Larrey and Percy—a tale of two barons", Resuscitation, 66 (3): 259–62, doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2005.03.009, PMID 15990216 
  • Beasley AW (December 2000), "To study the healing art", The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, 70 (12): 892–7, doi:10.1046/j.1440-1622.2000.01989.x, PMID 11167578 
  • Bissi A (October 1989), "[Not Available]", Kos (dalam bahasa Italia) (49): 38–47, PMID 11629939 
  • Bodemer CW (July 1982), "Baron Dominique Jean Larrey, Napoleon's surgeon", Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons, 67 (7): 18–21, PMID 10315971 
  • Brewer LA (December 1986), "Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1766–1842). Father of modern military surgery, innovater, humanist", The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 92 (6): 1096–8, doi:10.1016/S0022-5223(19)35826-Xalt=Dapat diakses gratis, PMID 3537533 
  • Haddad FS (September 2004), "Baron Larrey: a role model to be emulated", Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 199 (3): 519, doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.05.266, PMID 15325631 
  • Burton, June K. (2001), Two "Better Halves" in the Worst of Times – Adrienne Noailles Lafayette (1759–1807) and Fanny Burney d'Arblay (1752–1840) as Medical and Surgical Patients under the First Empire (PDF) (dipublikasikan tanggal January 26, 2001), hlm. 18–21 
  • Csillag I (February 1984), "Ferenc Eckstein and military surgery during the Napoleonic wars (Dominique-Jean Larrey)" [Ferenc Eckstein and military surgery during the Napoleonic wars (Dominique-Jean Larrey)], Orvosi Hetilap (dalam bahasa Hungaria), 125 (8): 467–70, PMID 6366693 
  • DIBLE JH (April 1959), "D. J. Larrey, A Surgeon of the Revolution, Consulate, and Empire", Medical History, 3 (2): 100–7, doi:10.1017/s0025727300024388, PMC 1034461alt=Dapat diakses gratis, PMID 13643144 
  • DiGioia JM, Rocko JM, Swan KG (May 1983), "Baron Larrey. Modern military surgeon", The American Surgeon, 49 (5): 226–30, PMID 6342487 
  • Egeblad K (1979), "[Not Available]", Dansk Medicinhistorisk Årbog (dalam bahasa Dansk): 1979;132–59, PMID 11628370 
  • Egeblad K (1978), "[Not Available]", Dansk Medicinhistorisk Årbog (dalam bahasa Dansk): 77–123, PMID 11627862 
  • Fackler ML (March 1989), "Misinterpretations concerning Larrey's methods of wound treatment", Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, 168 (3): 280–2, PMID 2645668 
  • Faria MA (September 1990), "Dominique-Jean Larrey: Napoleon's surgeon from Egypt to Waterloo", Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia, 79 (9): 693–5, PMID 2212907 
  • Feinsod, Moshe (2002), "The amputated leg—a tale of scientific curiosity—1792", Harefuah (dipublikasikan tanggal Feb 2002), 141 (2), hlm. 210–2, 220, PMID 11905097 
  • Feinsod, M (1998), "The surgeon and the Emperor—a humanitarian on the battlefield", Harefuah (dipublikasikan tanggal Nov 1, 1998), 135 (9), hlm. 340–3, 408, PMID 10911440 
  • Feinsod, M; Aharon-Peretz, J (1994), "Baron Larrey's description of traumatic aphasia", Journal of the History of the Neurosciences (dipublikasikan tanggal Jan 1994), 3 (1), hlm. 45–52, doi:10.1080/09647049409525587, PMID 11618806 
  • Ferrarelli, L (1954), "The physicians of the Emperor", Minerva Chirurgica (dipublikasikan tanggal Jan 15, 1954), 9 (1), hlm. 32–5, PMID 13153977 
  • Haas, L F (Feb 1994), "Dominique Jean Larrey (1766–1842)", J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry, 57 (2), hlm. 133, doi:10.1136/jnnp.57.2.133, ISSN 0022-3050, PMC 1072437alt=Dapat diakses gratis, PMID 8126493 
  • Burris, DG; Welling, DR; Rich, NM (2004), "Dominique Jean Larrey and the principles of humanity in warfare", Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 198 (5): 831–5, doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2003.12.025, PMID 15110817 
  • Hakulinen, E (1989), "The French revolution—a revolution even for health care", Lakartidningen (dipublikasikan tanggal Jul 12, 1989), 86 (28–29), hlm. 2535–7, PMID 2674570 
  • HALL, D P (1959), "Our surgical heritage; Europe", Am. J. Surg. (dipublikasikan tanggal Jul 1959), 98 (1), hlm. 130–1, PMID 13661525 
  • Hau, T (1982), "The surgical practice of Dominique Jean Larrey", Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics (dipublikasikan tanggal Jan 1982), 154 (1), hlm. 89–94, PMID 7031942 
  • Hillemand, P; Gilbrin, E (1978), "Not Available", Histoire des Sciences Médicales, 12 (3), hlm. 255–7, PMID 11627946 
  • Jellinek, E H (2002), "An unlikely aphasiologist: D J Larrey (1766–1842)", Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (dipublikasikan tanggal Jul 2002), 95 (7), hlm. 368–70, doi:10.1258/jrsm.95.7.368, PMC 1279946alt=Dapat diakses gratis, PMID 12091516 
  • Jensen, J E (Jul 1981), "Napoleonic medicine", Maryland State Medical Journal, 30 (7): 66–8, ISSN 0025-4363, PMID 7024659 
  • Lefebvre, P; Cornet, A; Sicard, A (1990), "Not Available", Histoire des Sciences Médicales, 24 (3–4), hlm. 259–63, PMID 11638332 
  • Lefebvre, P; Cornet, A; Sicard, A (1995), "The transfer of Baron Larrey's ashes from the Père Lachaise cemetery to the Invalides (December 14–15, 1992)", Histoire des Sciences Médicales, 29 (1), hlm. 23–7, PMID 11640449 
  • Leonov, I T (1992), "D. J. Larrey and N. I. Pirogov (on the 225th anniversary of the birth of D. J. Larrey)", Vestn. Khir. Im. I. I. Grek., 149 (7–8), hlm. 117–9, PMID 1341349 
  • Marchioni, Jean (2004), "Larrey, a legendary surgeon, a current work", La Revue du Praticien (dipublikasikan tanggal Feb 15, 2004), 54 (3), hlm. 342–5, PMID 15134246 
  • McIntyre, Neil (2002), "The Barons Larrey: Dominique Jean (1766–1842); Hippolyte (1808–1895)", Journal of Medical Biography (dipublikasikan tanggal Aug 2002), 10 (3), hlm. 185, doi:10.1177/096777200201000316, PMID 12114954 
  • Mirskiĭ, M B (2007), "An outstanding field surgeon (devoted to the 240th anniversary of D. Larrey's birth", Voenno-meditsinskiĭ Zhurnal (dipublikasikan tanggal Jan 2007), 328 (1), hlm. 75–9, PMID 17436718 
  • Moore, A R (1978), "Preanesthetic mastectomy: a patient's experience", Surgery (dipublikasikan tanggal Feb 1978), 83 (2), hlm. 200–5, PMID 341385 
  • Nau, Jean-Yves (2005), "I, Dominique Jean Larrey, baron and surgeon in chief of the Grand Army", Revue Médicale Suisse (dipublikasikan tanggal Jan 12, 2005), 1 (2), hlm. 186, PMID 15773223 
  • O'Sullivan, S T; O'Shaughnessy, M; O'Connor, T P (1995), "Baron Larrey and cold injury during the campaigns of Napoleon", Annals of Plastic Surgery (dipublikasikan tanggal Apr 1995), 34 (4), hlm. 446–9, doi:10.1097/00000637-199504000-00020, PMID 7793796 
  • Pai-Dhungat, J V; Parikh, Falguni (2006), "Medical philaely (Medical theme on stamps). Dominique J. Larrey (1766–1842). Northern France Ambulance, 1918 stamp, Grenada-1970", The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (dipublikasikan tanggal Oct 2006), 54, hlm. 811, PMID 17214278 
  • Quijano-Pitman, F (1997), "Surgical drainage with rubber tubes and Baron Larrey's mobile ambulances introduced by Dr. Ignacio Gama", Gaceta Médica de México, 133 (3), hlm. 249, PMID 9303873 
  • Richardson, R G (1977), "Larrey – what manner of man?", Proc. R. Soc. Med. (dipublikasikan tanggal Jul 1977), 70 (7), hlm. 490–4, PMC 1543132alt=Dapat diakses gratis, PMID 331340 
  • Richardson, R G (1974), Larrey: Surgeon to Napoleon's Imperial Guard, John Murray 
  • Rich, Norman M; Burris, David G; Welling, David R; Rignault, Daniel P (2006), "The Larrey legacy: two hundred years on", Current Surgery, 63 (2): 119–21, doi:10.1016/j.cursur.2005.12.008, PMID 16520113 
  • Rüttimann, B (1979), "Larrey's amputation technic", Gesnerus, 36 (1–2), hlm. 140–55, PMID 381112 
  • Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Lainas, Panagiotis; Zoras, Odyseas; Skandalakis, John E; Mirilas, P (2006), ""To afford the wounded speedy assistance": Dominique Jean Larrey and Napoleon", World Journal of Surgery (dipublikasikan tanggal Aug 2006), 30 (8): 1392–9, doi:10.1007/s00268-005-0436-8, PMID 16850154 
  • Soubiran, A (1966), "Larrey. The providence of soldiers (1766–1842)", La Presse Médicale, 74 (34), hlm. 1785–6, PMID 5328565 
  • Stembrowicz, W (1995), "Dominique Jean Larrey (1766–1842) the author of the work: On wounds of the pericardial sac and heart", Archiwum Historii I Filozofii Medycyny / Polskii Towarzystwo Historii Medycyny I Farmacji, 58 (3), hlm. 311–28, PMID 11624807 
  • James J. Walsh, "Dominique-Jean Larrey", Catholic Encyclopedia 
  • Wangensteen, S D; Wangensteen, O H (1971), "Successful pre-Listerian antiseptic management of compound fracture: Crowther (1802), Larrey (1824), and Bennion (ca. 1840)", Surgery (dipublikasikan tanggal Jun 1971), 69 (6), hlm. 811–24, PMID 4931133 
  • Welling, David R; Burris, David G; Rich, Norman M (2006), "Delayed recognition – Larrey and Les Invalides", J. Am. Coll. Surg. (dipublikasikan tanggal Feb 2006), 202 (2), hlm. 373–6, doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2005.08.024, PMID 16427565 
  • Wilson, T (1997), "The ambulance – Larrey's legacy", Scalpel & Tongs : American Journal of Medical Philately, 41, hlm. 82–3, PMID 11619525 
  • Wybieralski, A (1966), "Dominique Jean Larrey (1766–1842) On the 200 anniversary of his birth", Archiwum Historii Medycyny, 29 (3), hlm. 313–20, PMID 5335562 
  • Zimmerman, L M (1968), "Humanity and compassion in medicine (Ambroise Paré, Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey)", The Chicago Medical School Quarterly, 27 (4), hlm. 233–4, PMID 4913343 
  • "The immediate care of the eyes in Napoleonic France", Anaesthesia (dipublikasikan tanggal Apr 1976), 31 (3), hlm. 439, 1976, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.1976.tb12341.x, PMID 776029 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]