Daftar bintang terbesar

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Berikut adalah daftar bintang terbesar:

Nama Ukuran dalam satuan Radii Matahari

(Matahari = 1)

Keterangan
Stephenson 2-18 2.150[1] Bintang terbesar di jagat raya (sebelumnya UY Scuti)
LGGS J004520.67+414717.3 2.126[2] Bintang yang terletak di Galaksi Andromeda
MY Cephei 2.061[3]
WY Velorum 2.028[4]
V838 Monocerotis 1.570 atau 800[5]
WOH G64 1.540[6]
V354 Cephei 1.520[butuh rujukan]
KW Sagittarii 1.460[butuh rujukan]
KY Cygni 1.420[butuh rujukan]
VY Canis Majoris 1.420
VV Cephei A 1.050[7]–1.900[8]
Mu Cephei 1.400[9]
RW Cephei 1.260–1.610[butuh rujukan]
Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis) 950–1.000[10] atau 880–988[11]
Antares (Alpha Scorpii) 883[12]
UY Scuti 755
V382 Carinae 747
S Pegasi 580[13]
T Cephei 540[14]
S Orionis 530[15]
W Hydrae 520[16]
R Cassiopeiae 500[17]
Chi Cygni 470[18]
Alpha Herculis (Ras Algethi) 460
Rho Cassiopeiae 450
Mira A (Omicron Ceti) 400[19]
V509 Cassiopeiae 400[20]–900[21]
S Doradus 100–380[22]
R Doradus 370
HR Carinae 350
R Leonis 350[23]
The Pistol Star 340
Alpha Draconis (Thuban) 265
119 Tauri ("Ruby Star")[24] 255[25]
La Superba (Y Canum Venaticorum) 225
Deneb (Alpha Cygni) 220
Delta Canis Majoris (Wezen) 215±66[26]
Zeta Aurigae 200[27]
Eta Carinae 85–195[28]
Epsilon Aurigae A 175
Epsilon Carinae 153
LBV 1806-20 150
Epsilon Pegasi (Enif) 150
Gamma Crucis (Gacrux) 113[29]
Gamma Andromedae 83
Rigel (Beta Orionis) 78
Alpha Leporis (Arneb) 77
R Coronae Borealis 65
Canopus (Alpha Carinae) 65
Delta Orionis (Mintaka) 60
Alpha Persei (Mirfak) 60
Zeta Geminorum (Mekbuda) 60
Eta Aquilae 60
Gamma Draconis (Eltanin) 50
Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri) 43[30]
Beta Ursae Minoris (Kochab) 41
Beta Draconis (Rastaban) 40
Zeta Orionis (Alnitak) 20
Zeta Puppis (Naos) 18.6
Beta Cygni A1 (Albireo) 16

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama thomas
  2. ^ Ren, Yi; Jiang, Bi-Wei (2020-07-20). "On the Granulation and Irregular Variation of Red Supergiants". The Astrophysical Journal (dalam bahasa Inggris). 898 (1): 24. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab9c17. ISSN 1538-4357. 
  3. ^ Humphreys, Roberta M.; Helmel, Greta; Jones, Terry J.; Gordon, Michael S. (2020-08). "Exploring the Mass Loss Histories of the Red Supergiants". arXiv e-prints (dalam bahasa Inggris): arXiv:2008.01108. 
  4. ^ Cruzalèbes, P; Petrov, R G; Robbe-Dubois, S; Varga, J; Burtscher, L; Allouche, F; Berio, P; Hofmann, K-H; Hron, J (2019-12-11). "A catalogue of stellar diameters and fluxes for mid-infrared interferometry★". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (dalam bahasa Inggris). 490 (3): 3158–3176. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2803. ISSN 0035-8711. 
  5. ^ V838 Monocerotis
  6. ^ E. M. Levesque. "WOH G64: The Largest Star Known?". Astronomical Journal. Diakses tanggal 2010-07 16. 
  7. ^ Habets, G. M. H. J.; Heintze, J. R. W. (1981). "Empirical bolometric corrections for the main-sequence". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 46: 193–237. Diakses tanggal 2010-03-14.  Page 225 "Table IV" #178
  8. ^ Professor James B. (Jim) Kaler. "VV CEP (VV Cephei)". University of Illinois. Diakses tanggal 2010-03-15. 
  9. ^ E. M. Levesque. "The Effective Temperature Scale of Galactic Red Supergiants: Cool, but Not as Cool As We Thought". Astrophysical Journal. Diakses tanggal 2010-07 16. 
  10. ^ A NEW VLA-HIPPARCOS DISTANCE TO BETELGEUSE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS. Graham M. Harper et al 2008 The Astronomical Journal 135 1430-1440 doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/135/4/1430 [1]
  11. ^ Jim Kaler. 2009-06-26. Betelgeuse "0.047 seconds of arc, from which we find a true radius of between 4.1 (compromise distance) and 4.6 (larger distance) AU, … extended atmosphere, and the pulsations make it difficult to locate an actual "surface" to tell just how large the star actually is. … "size" of the star depends on the color of observation. Long-wave infrared … up to 5 AU and greater, … shorter-wave infrared … 3 AU. … Betelgeuse to be shrinking … not even round, but somewhat oval"
  12. ^ approximately 800, derived from the 1990 lunar occultation measurement of apparent diameter of 43.1 milliarcsec (up to ±1 milliarcsec error) (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990A&A...230..355R page 361) together with 1997 parallax of 5.40 [1.68] milliarcsec (SIMBAD citing Hipparcos). The parallax gives a derived distance from 460 to 877 light years. This in turn yields an actual diameter from 653 to 1,246 solar radius. An average of 800 is used here.
  13. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=10781
  14. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=9837
  15. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=2512
  16. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=6127
  17. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=10947
  18. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=9107
  19. ^ http://www.eso.org/~mwittkow/publications/conferences/SPIECWo5491199.pdf
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ Nugent, Richard. "The Garnet Star". weblore.com. Diakses tanggal 2009-12-04. DIAM .. m Cep 1224 ... V509 CAS 910 ... V382 CAR 747 
  22. ^ Lamers, H. J. G. L. M. (February 6–10, 1995). "Observations and Interpretation of Luminous Blue Variables". Cape Town, South Africa: Astronomical Society of the Pacific: 176–191. Bibcode:1995ASPC...83..176L. Diakses tanggal 2009-03-25. 
  23. ^ http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0411133
  24. ^ "Big and Giant Stars"
  25. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=2526
  26. ^ Davis J, Booth AJ, Ireland MJ, Jacob AP, North JR, Owens SM, Robertson JG, Tango WJ, Tuthill PG, J.; Booth, A. J.; Ireland, M. J.; Jacob, A. P.; North, J. R.; Owens, S. M.; Robertson, J. G.; Tango, W. J.; Tuthill, P. G. (2007). "The Emergent Flux and Effective Temperature of Delta Canis Majoris". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia. 24: 151. doi:10.1071/AS07017. Diakses tanggal 28 May 2010. 
  27. ^ [3]
  28. ^ http://etacar.umn.edu/etainfo/basic/
  29. ^ Gamma Crucis by Jim Kaler]
  30. ^ http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005astro.ph..2181R

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