Calmecac

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Calmecac glyph (Codex Mendoza 61r).jpg

Calmecac ([kalˈmekak]) adalah sekolah untuk para putra bangsawan Aztek (pīpiltin [piːˈpiɬtin]) pada zaman Pasca-Klasik Akhir dari sejarah Mesoamerika, dimana mereka akan meraih pelatihan agama dan militer. dua sumber utama untuk informasi tentang calmecac dan telpochcalli berasal dari Kodeks Firenze karya Bernardino de Sahagún dari General History of the Things of New Spain (Buku III, VI, dan VIII) dan bab 3 dari Kodeks Mendoza.[1]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Edward Calneck, "The Calmecac and Telpochcalli in Pre-Conquest Tenochtitlan," in The Work of Bernardino de Sahagún: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth-Century Aztec Mexico, J. Jorge Klor de Alva et al., eds. Albany: SUNY Albany Institute for Mesoamerican Studies 1988, p. 170.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Aguilar-Moreno, Manuel (2007). Handbook to Life in the Aztec World. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533083-0. OCLC 81150666. 
Andrews, J. Richard (2003). Introduction to Classical Nahuatl (edisi ke-revised). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3452-6. OCLC 50090230. 
Calnek, Edward. "The Calmecac and Telpochcalli in Pre-Conquest Tenochtitlan" in The Work of Bernardino de Sahagún: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth-Century Aztec Mexico, J. Jorge Klor de Alva et al., eds. Albany: SUNY Albany Institute for Mesoamerican Studies 1988.
Hassig, Ross (1988). Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control. Civilization of the American Indian series, no. 188. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2121-1. OCLC 17106411. 
León-Portilla, Miguel (1980). Native Mesoamerican Spirituality: Ancient myths, discourses, stories, doctrines, hymns, poems from the Aztec, Yucatec, Quiché-Maya and other sacred traditions. New York: Paulist Press. ISBN 0-8091-0293-5. OCLC 6450751. 
Sahagún, Bernardino de (1997) [ca.1558–61]. Primeros Memoriales. Civilization of the American Indians series vol. 200, part 2. Thelma D. Sullivan (English trans. and paleography of Nahuatl text), with H.B. Nicholson, Arthur J.O. Anderson, Charles E. Dibble, Eloise Quiñones Keber, and Wayne Ruwet (completion, revisions, and ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-2909-9. OCLC 35848992. 
Van Tuerenhout, Dirk R. (2005). The Aztecs: New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO's understanding ancient civilizations series. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-921-X. OCLC 57641467.