Bufo

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Bufo
Bufo periglenes1.jpg
Bufo periglenes
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kerajaan: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Kelas: Amphibia
Ordo: Anura
Famili: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Laurenti, 1768
Spesies

See text.

Bufo adalah genus besar dari sekitar 150 spesies yang tergolong familia Bufonidae. Bufo adalah bahasa Latin yang berarti katak.

Terdapat beberapa spesies Bufo yang dapat memproduksi racun.

Subgenus dan spesies[sunting | sunting sumber]

 Subgenus Bufo[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo aspinius (Yang, Liu, and Rao, 1996)
Bufo bankorensis Barbour, 1908 Central Formosa toad, Bankor toad
Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) Common toad, Katak Eropa
Bufo gargarizans Cantor, 1842 Katak Pulau Chusan, Katak Asiatik
Bufo japonicus Temminck and Schlegel, 1838 Katak Jepang
Bufo kabischi Herrmann and Kühnel, 1997
Bufo minshanicus Stejneger, 1926 Gansu toad, Minshan toad
Bufo tibetanus Zarevskij, 1926 Katak Tibet
Bufo torrenticola Matsui, 1976 Honshū toad, Japanese stream toad
Bufo tuberculatus Zarevskij, 1926 Qinghai Lake toad, Round-warted toad
Bufo verrucosissimus (Pallas, 1814) Katak Kaukasia
Bufo wolongensis Herrmann & Kühnel, 1997

 Subgenus Nannophryne[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo apolobambicus De la Riva, Ninon Ríos, and Aparicio, 2005
Bufo cophotis Boulenger, 1900 Paramo toad
Bufo corynetes Duellman and Ochoa-M., 1991 Abra Malaga toad
Bufo variegatus (Günther, 1870) Eden Harbour toad

Subgenus Incilius[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo alvarius Girard in Baird, 1859 Katak Sungai Colorado
Bufo aucoinae O'Neill & Mendelson, 2004
Bufo bocourti Brocchi, 1877 Bocourt's toad
Bufo campbelli Mendelson, 1994 Campbell's forest toad
Bufo canaliferus Cope, 1877 Katak kerdil
Bufo cavifrons Firschein, 1950 Katak gunung
Bufo coccifer Cope, 1866 Southern round-gland toad
Bufo coniferus Cope, 1862 Evergreen toad
Bufo cristatus Wiegmann, 1833 Large-crested toad
Bufo cycladen Lynch & Smith, 1966 Northern round-gland toad
Bufo fastidiosus (Cope, 1875) Pico Blanco toad
Bufo gemmifer Taylor, 1940 Jeweled toad
Bufo holdridgei Taylor, 1952 Holdridge's toad
Bufo ibarrai Stuart, 1954 Jalapa toad
Bufo intermedius Günther, 1858 Gunther's tropical toad
Bufo leucomyos McCranie & Wilson, 2000
Bufo luetkenii Boulenger, 1891 Katak kuning
Bufo macrocristatus Firschein & Smith, 1957 Large-crested toad
Bufo marmoreus Wiegmann, 1833 Marbled toad
Bufo mazatlanensis Taylor, 1940 Sinaloa toad
Bufo melanochlorus Cope, 1877 Dark green toad
Bufo nebulifer Girard, 1854 Gulf Coast toad
Bufo occidentalis Camerano, 1879 Pine toad
Bufo periglenes Savage, 1967 Katak emas Monte Verde
Bufo peripatetes Savage, 1972 Almirante Trail toad
Bufo perplexus Taylor, 1943 confusing toad
Bufo pisinnus Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo porteri Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo signifer Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo spiculatus Mendelson, 1997
Bufo tacanensis Smith, 1952 Volcan Tacana coad
Bufo tutelarius Mendelson, 1997
Bufo valliceps Wiegmann, 1833

Subgenus Peltophryne[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo cataulaciceps Schwartz, 1959 Schwartz's Caribbean toad
Bufo empusus (Cope, 1862) Cope's Caribbean toad, Cuban toad
Bufo fluviaticus Schwartz, 1972 Dominican Caribbean toad
Bufo fractus Schwartz, 1972
Bufo fustiger Schwartz, 1960
Bufo guentheri Cochran, 1941 Gunther's Caribbean toad
Bufo gundlachi Ruibal, 1959 Gundlach's Caribbean toad
Bufo lemur (Cope, 1869) Lowland Caribbean toad
Bufo longinasus Stejneger, 1905 Stejneger's Caribbean toad
Bufo peltocephalus Tschudi, 1838 Tschudi's Caribbean toad
Bufo taladai Schwartz, 1960 Cuban Caribbean toad

Subgenus Phrynoidis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo asper Gravenhorst, 1829 Katak raksasa Malay
Bufo juxtasper Inger, 1964 Katak sungai raksasa, Katak sungai Borneo

Subgenus Poyntonophrynus[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo beiranus Loveridge, 1932 Beira's toad
Bufo damaranus Mertens, 1954
Bufo dombensis Bocage, 1895 Dombe toad
Bufo fenoulheti Hewitt & Methuen, 1912 Katak kerdil Transvaal
Bufo grandisonae Poynton & Haacke, 1993 Katak Mossamedes, Grandison's toad
Bufo hoeschi Ahl, 1934 Katak Okahandja, Hoesch's toad
Bufo kavangensis Poynton & Broadley, 1988 Katak Sungai Khwai, Katak Kavanga
Bufo lughensis Loveridge, 1932 Lugh toad
Bufo parkeri Loveridge, 1932 Parker's toad
Bufo vertebralis Smith, 1848 Katak kerdil Afrika, Katak pygmy

Subgenus Pseudepidalea[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo balearicus Boettger, 1880
Bufo baturae Stoeck, Schmid, Steinlein & Grosse, 1999 Batura toad
Bufo boulengeri Lataste, 1879
Bufo brongersmai Hoogmoed, 1972 Tiznit toad
Bufo latastii Boulenger, 1882 Ladakh toad, Lataste's toad
Bufo luristanicus Schmidt, 1952
Bufo oblongus Nikolskii, 1896 Danata toad, Middle Asiatic toad
Bufo pewzowi Bedriaga, 1898
Bufo pseudoraddei Mertens, 1971 Swat green toad
Bufo raddei Strauch, 1876 Katak gurun Tengger, Radde's toad
Bufo siculus Stoeck, Sicilia, et al. 2008 Katak hijau Sicilia
Bufo surdus Boulenger, 1891 Katak Pakistan, Katak Iran
Bufo turanensis Hemmer, Schmidtler & Böhme, 1978
Bufo variabilis Pallas, 1769
Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 Katak hijau Eropa
Bufo zamdaensis Fei, Ye, and Huang in Fei, Ye, Huang & Chen, 1999
Bufo zugmayeri Eiselt & Schmidtler, 1973

Subgenus Rhaebo[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo anderssoni Melin, 1941 Andersson's toad
Bufo blombergi Myers & Funkhouser, 1951 Katak raksasa Colombia, Blomberg's toad
Bufo caeruleostictus Günther, 1859
Bufo glaberrimus Günther, 1869 Cundinamarca toad
Bufo guttatus Schneider, 1799 Spotted toad, smooth-sided toad
Bufo haematiticus Cope, 1862 Truando toad
Bufo hypomelas Boulenger, 1913 Choco toad
Bufo nasicus Werner, 1903 Werner's toad

Subgenus Vandijkophrynus[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama binomial Nama umum
Bufo amatolicus Hewitt, 1925 Amatola toad
Bufo angusticeps Smith, 1848 Sand toad, Common Cape toad
Bufo gariepensis Smith, 1848 Karroo toad, Gariep toad
Bufo inyangae Poynton, 1963 Inyanga toad
Bufo robinsoni Branch & Braacke, 1996 Paradise toad

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, Darrel (2006). "The Amphibian Tree of Life". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–371. 
  • Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Nama umums Amph. Rept. World
  • Blair (ed.), 1972, Evol. Genus Bufo.