Begomovirus

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Begomovirus
Klasifikasi virus
Grup: Grup II (ssDNA)
Famili: Geminiviridae
Genus: Begomovirus
Species

Abutilon mosaic virus
African cassava mosaic virus
Ageratum yellow vein virus
Bean calico mosaic virus
Bean golden yellow mosaic virus
Bean white chlorosis mosaic virus
Bean yellow chlorosis virus
Bhendi yellow vein mosaic Delhi virus
Cabbage leaf curl virus
Cassava mosaic Madagascar virus
Chilli leaf curl Sri Lanka virus
Clerodendron yellow mosaic virus
Cotton leaf crumple virus
Cotton leaf curl virus
Corchorus golden mosaic virus
Corchorus yellow spot virus
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus
Dalechampia chlorotic mosaic virus
Datura leaf distortion virus
East African cassava mosaic virus
East African cassava mosaic Kenya virus
East African cassava mosaic Cameroon virus
Euphorbia mosaic virus
French bean leaf curl virus
Hemidesmus yellow mosaic virus
Horsegram yellow mosaic virus
Jatropha mosaic Nigeria virus
Jatropha yellow mosaic India virus
Mung bean yellow mosaic virus
Okra enation leaf curl virus
Okra mottle virus
Pepper golden mosaic virus
Pepper hausteco yellow vein virus
Potato yellow mosaic virus
Pouzolzia golden mosaic virus
Sida golden mosaic virus
Sida yellow mottle virus
Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus
Velvet bean severe mosaic virus[1]
Vernonia yellow vein Fujian virus
Vernonia yellow vein virus
Sweet potato leaf curl Canary virus
Sweet potato leaf curl Lanzarote virus
Sweet potato leaf curl Spain virus
Squash leaf curl virus
Squash leaf curl China virus
Texas pepper virus
Tobacco curly shoot virus
Tomato chino La paz virus
Tomato chlorotic leaf distortion virus[2]
Tomato leaf curl Joydebpur virus
Tomato leaf curl Kumasi virus
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus
Tomato golden mosaic virus
Tomato leaf curl Nigeria virus
Tomato severe rugose virus
Tomato rugose mosaic virus
Tomato rugose yellow leaf curl virus
Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus
Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus
Tomato yellow leaf curl Thailand virus
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus
Rhyncosia golden mosaic virus

Begomovirus (dari bean golden mosaic virus) adalah salah satu marga (genus) virus partikel kembar (virus gemini atau Geminiviridae). Virus tumbuhan dengan DNA cincin berkas tunggal ini bertanggung jawab atas banyak penyakit tumbuhan yang menimbulkan kerugian ekonomi besar, seperti penyakit kuning pada kacang-kacangan (terutama Phaseolus), tomat, dan cabai. Virus ini mudah menyebar karena dibawa oleh lalat putih hama Bemisia tabaci (atau jenis lain) sebagai vektor yang memiliki tanaman inang yang banyak.

Gejala penyakit kuning cabai akibat Begomovirus

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Zaim M, Kumar Y, Hallan V, Zaidi AA (2011) Velvet bean severe mosaic virus: a distinct begomovirus species causing severe mosaic in Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. Virus Genes 43(1):138–146
  2. ^ Zambrano K, Geraud-Pouey F, Chirinos D, Romay G, Marys E (2011) Tomato chlorotic leaf distortion virus, a new bipartite begomovirus infecting Solanum lycopersicum and Capsicum chinense in Venezuela. Arch Virol