Afrika (Provinsi Romawi)

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Africa Proconsularis adalah sebuah provinsi Romawi di pantai utara Afrika yang berdiri pada 146 SM setelah kekalahan Carthage pada Perang Punic Ketiga. Wilayhnya terdiri dari kawasan Tunisia pada masa sekarang, timur laut Aljazair pada masa sekarang, dan pantai Laut Mediterania kecil di barat Libya pada masa sekarang di sepanjang Teluk Sirte. Teritorial tersebut awalnya diduduki oleh bangsa Berber.

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Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Lennox Manton, Roman North Africa, 1988.
  • Susan Raven. Rome in Africa. 3rd ed. (London, 1993).
  • Monique Seefried Brouillet, From Hannibal to Saint Augustine: Ancient Art of North Africa from the Musee du Louvre, 1994.
  • A. I. Wilson, Urban Production in the Roman World: The View from North Africa, 2002.
  • Duane R. Roller, The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome's African Frontier (New York and London, Routledge, 2003).
  • Elizabeth Fentress, "Romanizing the Berbers," Past & Present, 190,1 (2006), 3-33.
  • Michael Mackensen and Gerwulf Schneider. Production centres of African Red Slip Ware (2nd-3rd c.) in northern and central Tunisia: Archaeological provenance and reference groups based on chemical analysis, 2006.
  • Cordovana, Orietta Dora, Segni e immagini del potere tra antico e tardoantico: I Severi e la provincia Africa proconsularis. Seconda edizione rivista ed aggiornata (Catania: Prisma, 2007) (Testi e studi di storia antica)
  • Dick Whittaker, "Ethnic discourses on the frontiers of Roman Africa", in Ton Derks, Nico Roymans (ed.), Ethnic Constructs in Antiquity: The Role of Power and Tradition (Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press, 2009) (Amsterdam Archaeological Studies, 13), 189-206.
  • Erich S. Gruen, Rethinking the Other in Antiquity (Princeton, PUP, 2010), 197-222.
  • Mennen, Inge, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011)
  • Stewart, John, African states and rulers (2006)

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