Âu Lạc

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Âu Lạc (Hán tự: 甌貉/ 甌駱/ 甌雒; Tionghoa pinyin: Ōu Luò; Wade–Giles: Wu1-lo4 Bahasa Tionghoa Pertengahan (ZS): *ʔəu-*lɑk̚ < Bahasa Tionghoa Kuno *ʔô-râk[1][2]) merupakan kerajaan kuno yang meliputi bagian Guangxi modern dan Vietnam utara hingga Deretan Hoành Sơn.[3] Didirikan pada 257 SM, wilayah ini adalah penggabungan dari bekas negara bagian Ouyue (Âu Việt) dan (Lạc Việt)[4] Dinasti Hồng Bàng tetapi menyerah pada negara bagian Nanyue pada 180 SM, yang akhirnya ditaklukkan oleh Dinasti Han.[5][6] Ibu kotanya berada di Benteng Cổ Loa, kira-kira 17 kilometer utara Hanoi saat ini, di dataran atas utara sungai Merah.[7]

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Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Schuessler 2007, hlm. 372.
  2. ^ Schuessler 2007, hlm. 506.
  3. ^ Đào Duy Anh 2016, hlm. 32.
  4. ^ SarDesai 2005, hlm. 11.
  5. ^ Hoàng 2007, hlm. 12.
  6. ^ Dutton, Werner & Whitmore 2012, hlm. 9.
  7. ^ Nam C. Kim 2015, hlm. 18.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

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