Henry Mancini

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Henry Mancini
Nama lahir Enrico Nicola Mancini
Lahir 16 April 1924
Cleveland, Ohio, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal 14 Juni 1994 (umur 70)
Los Angeles, California
Genre Skor film
Pekerjaan Komposer, konduktor
Instrumen Piano

Enrico Nicola "Henry" Mancini (lahir 16 April 1924 – meninggal 14 Juni 1994 pada umur 70 tahun)[1] adalah seorang komponis, konduktor, dan pengaransemen Amerika, paling dikenang untuk film dan sejumlah televisi. Dia memenangkan sejumlah rekor Grammy Awards (20), ditambah Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award secara anumerta pada 1995. Karya-karyanya yang paling terkenal meliputi tema jazz-idiom untuk serial film The Pink Panther ("The Pink Panther Theme"), serial televisi Peter Gunn Theme, dan kembali mendapatkan Academy Awards untuk lagu "Moon River" dari film Blake Edwards Breakfast at Tiffany's dan "Days of Wine and Roses" dari film Edwards' Days of Wine and Roses.

Awal kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mancini lahir di lingkungan Little Italy di Cleveland, Ohio, dan dibesarkan di dekat Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, di kota baja Aliquippa Barat, Pennsylvania. Orang tuanya beremigrasi dari Abruzzo wilayah Italia. Ayah Mancini, Quinto, adalah seorang buruh pabrik baja, yang membuat anak satu-satunya mulai belajar piccolo pada usia delapan tahun.[2] Ketika Mancini berusia 12 tahun, ia mulai les piano. Quinto dan Henry bermain seruling bersama-sama di band imigran Aliquippa Italia, "Sons of Italy". Setelah lulus dari Sekolah Tinggi Aliquippa pada tahun 1942, Mancini belajar di sekolah ternama Juilliard School of Music di New York. Pada tahun 1943, setelah sekitar satu tahun di Juilliard, studinya terganggu ketika ia direkrut menjadi Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat. Pada 1945, ia berpartisipasi dalam pembebasan sebuah kamp konsentrasi di selatan Jerman.

Karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kematian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mancini meninggal karena kanker pankreas di Los Angeles pada 14 Juni 1994. Mancini meninggalkan seorang istri (berusia 43 tahun, penyanyi Virginia "Ginny" O'Connor) dan tiga anak.

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Singel hit[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Singel Posisi bagan puncak
US US
AC
US Country UK[1]
1960 "Mr. Lucky" 21
1961 "Theme from the Great Imposter" 90
"Moon River" 11 1 44
1962 "Theme from Hatari" 95
1963 "Days of Wine and Roses" 33 10
"Banzai Pipeline" 93
"Charade" 36 15
1964 "The Pink Panther Theme" 31 10
"A Shot in the Dark" 97
"Dear Heart" 77 14
"How Soon" 10
1965 "The Sweetheart Tree" 117 23
"Moment to Moment" 27
1966 "Hawaii (Main Theme)" 6
1967 "Two For the Road" 17
"Wait Until Dark" 4
1968 "Norma La De Guadalajara" 21
"A Man, a Horse and a Gun" 36
1969 "Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet" 1 1
"Moonlight Sonata" 87 15
"There Isn't Enough to Go Around" 39
1970 "Theme from Z (Life Goes On)" 115 17
"Darling Lili" 26
1971 "Love Story" 13 2
"Theme from Cade's County" 14 42
1972 "Theme from the Mancini Generation" 38
"All His Children" (dengan Charley Pride) 92 2
1973 "Oklahoma Crude" 38
1974 "Hangin' Out"(dengan Mouldy Seven) 21
1975 "Once Is Not Enough" 45
1976 "African Symphony" 40
"Slow Hot Wind" 38
1977 "Theme from Charlie's Angels"" 45 22
1980 "Ravel's Bolero" 101
1984 "The Thornbirds Theme" 23
"—" menunjukkan judul yang tidak berbagan, atau tidak dirilis di wilayah itu.

Album[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Versatile Henry Mancini, Liberty LRP 3121
  • The Mancini Touch, RCA Victor LSP 2101
  • The Blues & the Beat, RCA Victor LSP-2147
  • Mr. Lucky Goes Latin, RCA Victor LSP-2360
  • Our Man in Hollywood, RCA Victor LSP-2604
  • Uniquely Mancini, RCA Victor LSP-2692
  • The Best of Mancini, RCA Victor LSP-2693
  • Mancini Plays Mancini, RCA Camden CAS-2158
  • Everybody's Favorite, RCA Camden CXS-9034
  • Concert Sound of Henry Mancini, RCA Victor LSP-2897
  • Dear Heart and Other Songs, RCA Victor LSP-2990
  • Theme Scene, RCA Victor LSP-3052
  • Debut Conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra, RCA Victor LSP-3106
  • The Best of Vol. 3, RCA Victor LSP-3347
  • The Latin Sound of Henry Mancini, RCA Victor LSP-3356
  • A Merry Mancini Christmas, RCA Victor LSP-3612
  • Pure Gold, RCA Victor LSP-3667
  • Mancini Country, RCA Victor LSP-3668
  • Mancini '67, RCA Victor LSP-3694
  • Music of Hawaii, RCA Victor LSP-3713
  • Brass on Ivory, RCA Victor LSP-3756
  • A Warm Shade of Ivory, RCA Victor LSP-3757
  • Big Latin Band, RCA Victor LSP-4049
  • Six Hours Past Sunset, RCA Victor LSP-4239
  • Theme music from Z & Other Film Music, RCA Victor LSP-4350
  • Big Screen-Little Screen, RCA Victor LSP-4630
  • This Is Henry Mancini, RCA Victor VPS6029
  • Music from the TV Series "The Mancini Generation", RCA Victor LSP-4689
  • The Academy Award Songs, RCA Victor LSP-6013
  • Brass, Ivory & Strings (with Doc Severinsen), RCA APL1-0098
  • The Theme Scene, RCA AQLI-3052
  • Country Gentleman, RCA APD1-0270 (Quadraphonic)
  • Hangin' Out, RCA CPL1-0672
  • Symphonic Soul, RCA APD1-1025 (Quadraphonic)
  • Mancini's Angels, RCA CPL1-2290
  • (with Johnny Mathis), The Hollywood Musicals, Columbia FC 40372
  • The Pink Panther Meets Speedy Gonzales, Koch Schwann CD
  • The Legendary Henry Mancini, BMG Australia 3 CD set

Jalur suara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Banyak dari kita Mancini "soundtrack" sebenarnya "Music from ...", yang memungkinkan dia untuk mengatur musik yang akan lebih mudah diakses dan untuk melepaskan catatan tanpa membayar biaya studio orkestra.<citation needed>

Filmografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Mancini, Henry: Sounds And Scores: a practical guide to professional orchestration (Book on orchestration of popular music, 1962)
  • Mancini, Henry: Did they mention the music? (Autobiography, with Gene Lees, 1989)
  • Thomas, Tony: Music For The Movies (1973)
  • Thomas, Tony: Film Score (1979)
  • Larson, Randall: 'Henry Mancini: On Scoring Lifeforce and Santa Claus' (interview)(in: CinemaScore, #15, 1987)
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'An interview with Henry Mancini' (in: Soundtrack, vol. 7, No. 26, 1988)
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'Henry Mancini' (in: Soundtrack, vol. 13, No. 50, 1994)
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'Henry Mancini remembered' (in: Soundtrack, vol. 13, No. 51)
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'Whistling Away The Dark' In: Film Score Monthly, # 45, p. 7
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'Henry Mancini 1924–1994' In: Film Score Monthly, # 46/47, p. 5
  • Büdinger, Matthias: 'Feeling Fancy Free' (in: Film Score Monthly, vol. 10, No. 2)
  • Brown, Royal S.: Overtones and undertones – reading film music (1994)

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (ed. 19th). London: Guinness World Records Limited. hlm. 345. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  2. ^ Show 23 – Smack Dab in the Middle on Route 66. [Part 2], The Music Men. [Part 1] : UNT Digital Library

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