Bandotan puspa

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Langsung ke: navigasi, cari
?Bandotan puspa[1][2]
Daboia full.jpg
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kerajaan: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Upafilum: Vertebrata
Kelas: Reptilia
Ordo: Squamata
Upaordo: Serpentes
Famili: Viperidae
Upafamili: Viperinae
Genus: Daboia
Spesies: D. russelii
Upaspesies: D. r. siamensis
Nama trinomial
Daboia russelii siamensis
(M.A. Smith, 1917)
Sinonim
  • Vipera russelli siamensis
    M.A. Smith, 1917
  • Coluber russelli siamensis
    Ōshima, 1920
  • Vipera russelli limitis
    Mertens, 1927
  • Vipera russelli formosensis Maki, 1931
  • Vipera russelii sublimitis Kopstein, 1936
  • Vipera russelii formosensis Klemmer, 1963
  • Vipera russelii limitis
    — Klemmer, 1963
  • Vipera russelii siamensis
    — Klemmer, 1963
  • Viper russelli siamensis
    — Sakuragawa, 1979
  • Daboia (Daboia) russelli limitis Obst, 1983
  • Daboia (Daboia) russelli siamensis — Obst, 1983
  • Vipera russelli siamensis
    — Nakada, Nakada, Ito &
    Inoue, 1984
  • Vipera russelli burmanus Muang Muang Aye In Gopalakrishnakone & Tan, 1987
  • Daboia russelli siamensis
    Golay et al., 1993[3]


Bandotan puspa (Daboia russelii siamensis) adalah upajenis Ular Beludak berbisa[4] yang endemik di beberapa wilayah Asia Tenggara, China selatan dan Taiwan.[3]

Sebaran geografis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hewan ini ditemukan di Myanmar, Thailand, Kamboja, China (Guangxi, Guangdong), Taiwan and Indonesia (Pulau Ende, Flores, Jawa Timur, Komodo, dan Lomblen).[3]

Brown (1973) menyebutkan bahwa D. russelii juga bisa ditemukan di Vietnam, Laos dan pulau Sumatra.[5] Raymond Ditmars (1937) melaporkan ia menerima seekor spesimen juga dari Sumatra.[6] Namun distribusi hewan ini di kepulauan Indonesia saat itu masih sedang dijelaskan.[7]

Bisa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebuah Antibisa, bernama "Russell's Viper Antivenin", dibuat di Thailand oleh Palang Merah Thailand untuk mengobati bisa dari hewan ini.[8]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ LIPI - Bandotan Puspa
  2. ^ National Geographic Indonesia - Terpagut ular
  3. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. ISBN 1-893777-00-6.
  4. ^ Daboia russelii siamensis (TSN {{{ID}}}). Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  5. ^ Brown JH. 1973. Toxicology and Pharmacology of Venoms from Poisonous Snakes. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas. 184 pp. LCCCN 73-229. ISBN 0-398-02808-7.
  6. ^ Ditmars RL. 1933. Reptiles of the World. Revised Edition. New York: The MacMillan Company. 329 pp. + 89 plates.
  7. ^ Belt P, Warrell DA, Malhotra A, Wüster W, Thorpe RS. 1997. Russell's viper in Indonesia: snakebite and systematics. In: R.S. Thorpe, W. Wüster & A. Malhotra (Editors), Venomous Snakes: Ecology, Evolution and Snakebite. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, No. 70: 219-234.
  8. ^ RUSSELL'S VIPER ANTIVENIN

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Smith MA. 1917. Descriptions of New Reptiles and a New Batrachian from Siam. Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2 (3): 221-225. ("Vipera russelli siamensis, subsp. nov.", pp. 223-224 + photograph).
  • Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Batrachia, Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. ("Vipera russelli siamensis", p. 484).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]