Smenkhkare

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Peti mati kerajaan yang tercemar ditemukan di Makam KV55
Tengkorak mumi KV55, yang diyakini Smenkhkare.

Ankhkheperure Smenkhkare Djeser Kheperu (kadang dieja Smenkhare, Smenkare atau Smenkhkara) merupakan seorang Firaun berumur pendek di Dinasti kedelapan belas Mesir. Namanya diterjemahkan sebagai 'Hidup adalah Bentuk Re' dan 'Yang sangat kuat adalah Jiwa Re, Bentuk Kudus'.[1] Masa pemerintahannya selama periode Amarna, saat Akhenaten berusaha memaksakan pandangan religius baru. Ia harus dibedakan dari pendahulunya (penggantinya?), penguasa wanita Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten (biasanya dikenali sebagai Nefertiti). Tidak seperti Neferneferuaten, Smenkhkare tidak menggunakan julukan dalam nama kerajaannya atau cartouche.[2]

Sangat sedikit yang diketahui tentang Smenkhkare karena raja-raja kemudian, berusaha untuk Horemheb menghapus seluruh periode Amarna dari sejarah.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c Clayton, P., Chronicle of the Pharaohs (Thames and Hudson, 2006) p.120
  2. ^ Aidan Dodson, "Amarna Sunset:the late-Amarna succession revisited" in Beyond the Horizon. Studies in Egyptian Art, Archaeology and History and history in Honour of Barry J. Kemp, ed. S. Ikram and A. Dodson, pp.31–32 Cairo, 2009.

Galeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Aldred, Cyril. Akhenaten, Pharoah of Light (Thames & Hudson, 1968)
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  • Allen, James (2006). "The Amarna Succession" (PDF). Archived from the original on July 1, 2013. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-23. 
  • Allen, James P. Nefertiti and Smenkh-ka-re. Göttinger Miszellen 141; (1994)
  • Dodson, Aidan. Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press. 2009, ISBN 978-977-416-304-3
  • Dodson, A., Hilton, D. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs (Thames & Hudson, 2004)
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  • Giles, Frederick. J. The Amarna Age: Egypt (Australian Centre for Egyptology, 2001)
  • Habicht, Michael E. Semenchkare – Phantom-König(in) von Achet-Aton (e-publication, Berlin 2014). ISBN 978-3844281699
  • Habicht, Michael E. Smenkhkare: Phantom-Queen/King of Akhet-Aton and the quest for the hitherto unknown chambers in the tomb of Tutankhamun (KV 62) (e-publication, Berlin 2017). ISBN 978-3745041453[1]
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  • Hornung, E. "The New Kingdom"', in E. Hornung, R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, eds., Ancient Egyptian Chronology (HdO I/83), Leiden – Boston, 2006.
  • Krauss, Rolf. Das Ende der Amarnazeit (The End of the Amarna Period); 1978, Hildesheim
  • Petrie, W. M. Flinders; Tell el Amarna (1894)
  • Pendlebury J., Samson, J. et al. City of Akhenaten, Part III (1951)
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  • Reeves, C.N. Akhenaten, Egypt's false Prophet (Thames and Hudson; 2001)
  • Reeves, C.N. The Valley of the Kings (Kegan Paul, 1990)
  • Reeves, C.N. The Complete Tutankhamun: The King – The Tomb – The Royal Treasure. London: Thames and Hudson; 1990.
  • Theis, Christoffer, "Der Brief der Königin Daḫamunzu an den hethitischen König Šuppiluliuma I im Lichte von Reisegeschwindigkeiten und Zeitabläufen", in Thomas R. Kämmerer (Hrsg.), Identities and Societies in the Ancient East-Mediterranean Regions. Comparative Approaches. Henning Graf Reventlow Memorial Volume (= AAMO 1, AOAT 390/1). Münster 2011, S. 301–331
  • Wente, E. Who Was Who Among the Royal Mummies? (1995), Oriental Institute, Chicago