Reaktor kelautan Soviet

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Reaktor laut Soviet telah digunakan untuk daya kapal militer dan sipil, termasuk:

  • Kapal selam nuklir:
    • Serangan kapal selam.
    • Kapal selam rudal jelajah.
    • Kapal selam rudal balistik.
  • Kapal pemecah es nuklir:
    • Kelas Pemecah es Soviet Lenin.
    • Kelas Pemecah es Arktika.
    • Kelas Pemecah es Taymyr.
  • Kapal penjelajah nuklir:
    • Kelas Battlecruisers Kirov
  • Kapal dagang:
    • Sevmorput
  • Kapal komando:
    • SSV-33 Ural

Mereka telah menggunakan kedua reaktor air bertekanan dan reaktor cepat logam cair.

Jenis reaktor[sunting | sunting sumber]

Reactor system Reactor designation Type Power Date of first deploy Uses
OK-150 3* ??? PWR 3* 90 MW 1959 Icebreaker Lenin before renovation
??? 2* VM-A PWR 2* 70 MW 1959 November class attack submarines

Echo class cruise missile submarines

Hotel class SLBM submarines

??? 2* VT RM-1 LMFR 2* 73 MW 1963 Attack submarine K-27
OK-300 2* VM-4 PWR 2* 72 MW 1967 Victor I; II class attack submarines
OK-350 1* VM-4-1 PWR 1* 89 MW 1967 Charlie class cruise missile submarines
OK-700 2* VM-4-2 PWR 2* 90 MW 1967 Yankee class SLBM submarines
??? 2* V-5R PWR 2* 177 MW 1969 Papa class attack submarine
OK-900 2* ??? PWR 2* 159 MW 1970 Icebreaker Lenin after renovation
OK-550 1* BM-40A LMFR 1* 155 MW 1971 Alfa class attack submarines
OK-700 2* VM-4B PWR 2* 90 MW 1972 Delta I class SLBM submarines

Delta II class SLBM submarines

OK-900A (?) 2* KLT-40M PWR 2* 171 MW 1975 Arktika-class icebreakers
OK-700A 2* VM-4S PWR 2* 90 MW 1976 Delta III class SLBM submarines
OK-300A (?) 2* VM-4A PWR 2* 72 MW 1977 Victor III class attack submarines
OK-650M 2* ??? PWR 2* 190 MW 1980 Oscar class cruise missile submarines
OK-900 2* KN-3 PWR 2* 300 MW 1980 Kirov-class battlecruisers
OK-650 2* ??? PWR 2* 190 MW 1981 Typhoon class SLBM submarines
OK-650B-3 1* ??? PWR 1* 190 MW 1983 Attack submarine K-278 (Mike class)
OK-650A 1* ??? PWR 1* 190 MW 1984 Sierra class attack submarines
OK-9VM 1* ??? PWR 1* 190 MW 1984 submarine kelas-Akula
OK-700A (?) 2* VM-4SG PWR 2* 90 MW 1984 Delta IV class SLBM submarines
??? 1* KLT-40M PWR 1* 171 MW 1988 Taymyr-class icebreakers
??? 1* KLT-40 PWR 1* 135 MW 1988 Merchant ship Sevmorput
OK-900 (?) 2* KN-3 (VM-16 (?)) PWR 2* 171 MW 1989 SSV-33 Ural-command ship
OK-650B (?) 2* ??? PWR 2* 190 MW 2009 Borei class SLBM submarine
OK-650V (?) 1* KPM-6(?)** PWR 1* 200 MW expected 2011 Graney class attack submarines
??? 2* KLT-40S PWR 2* 150 MW expected 2016 Russian floating nuclear power station Akademik Lomonosov
??? ?* RITM-200 PWR ??? MW expected 2015 New generation of icebreakers [1][2]

'**'KPM-6 is developed by OKBM Afrikantov.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]